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Friday Hack Chat: Graphical Programming Languages with Boian Mitov. Cross Marriage. There is a long history of Visual or Graphical Programming Languages, and most of them make more sense than the name of Microsoft#8217;s Visual Basic, C#, and Tent Embassy, Canberra - Australia Visual Studio IDE. Some people don#8217;t like to code, and for them, graphical programming languages replace semicolons and brackets with easy-to-understand boxes and wires. Marriage. This Friday, we#8217;re going to be talking about graphical programming languages with [Boian Mitov]. He#8217;s a software developer, founder of Mitov Software, and Embassy, the creator of Visuino, a graphical programming language for the embedded domain. Everything from the cross, Arduino to Teensy, ESP8266, ESP32, the chipKIT, and Maple Mini are supported with this IDE.
It#8217;s a simple drag-and-drop way of programming microcontrollers that Scratches an itch (see what I did there?) for an easy way to introduce non-programmers to the embedded world and also provides a faster way to build custom applications. When it comes to characteristics of good graphical programming languages, we can#8217;t find a better Hack Chat guest than [Boian]. He#8217;s the marriage essay, author of the OpenWire dataflow processing technology #8212; another graphical programming language , the IGDI+ library, VideoLab, SignalLab, AudioLab, PlotLab, InstrumentLab, and author of VCL for writing services india, Visual C++. He#8217;s a regular contributor to Blaise Pascal Magazine, too. During this Hack Chat, we#8217;ll be discussing what makes Visual Programming worth it, how and why it works, when it doesn#8217;t and cross marriage essay how to develop a graphical programming language. Visuino will be of special interest, And I#8217;m sure someone will work in a, #8216;what#8217;s happening with Max/MSP under Ableton#8217; question. If you have a question for [Boian], here#8217;s a question sheet to guide the discussion. Our Hack Chats are live community events on the Hackaday.io Hack Chat group messaging.
This Hack Chat will take place at services noon Pacific time on cross, Friday, August 11th. Characteristics Of Good. Here’s a time and date converter! Log into Hackaday.io, visit that page, and look for the ‘Join this Project’ Button. Once you’re part of the project, the button will change to ‘Team Messaging’, which takes you directly to cultural the Hack Chat. You don’t have to abuse wait until Friday; join whenever you want and you can see what the community is talking about. 34 thoughts on “ Friday Hack Chat: Graphical Programming Languages with Boian Mitov ” Well#8230; my name in Boian, not Bojan, but close enough ;-) Oh Dear, sorry for that mistake Boian. I#8217;ve made the changes here and on our event page.
Looking forward to the Hack Chat on Friday! #8220;Some people don’t like to code, and for them, graphical programming languages replace semicolons and brackets with easy-to-understand boxes and wires.#8221; The writing it down as it where is the easier part. The understanding and breaking down a problem into cross marriage essay, an efficient form a computer can deal with is the harder part, and essay emotional abuse the tools don#8217;t help as much. Being a car mechanic is difficult and dirty work, you know what, if we make all the parts red and paint giant numbers on them! Then it#8217;s no longer difficult and cross cultural essay dirty! See how ludicrous it sounds when you translate it to a different field? (I#8217;m not saying a few graphical programming things have their place in the world. Especially for paper, teaching kids. Cross Cultural Essay. But there is a difference between a tool and writing a toy) Actually it has been shown that if you color coordinate machine parts and number them, it does make putting many types of machiNed together a whole lot simpler (cars, rockets, ships, planes, etc. Cross Cultural Marriage. Now programming isn#8217;t the same thing and your right it requires the abilities to break down tasks/problems into smaller and easier tasks as well as problem solving, but what does that have to do with whether it#8217;s in text or graphics? In fact it doesnt. The only argument that I#8217;ve ever read has been that it#8217;s usually a lot faster for someone to type out code instructions then to travel drag and drop them, but this logical only applies if someone is cross essay using a keyboard.
What about a programming using your phone? From my own experiences it#8217;s the opposite. Graphical programming is still very new and like all new things there are those who will be repealed about it passionately. That is just one of the prices for essay writing travel, progress. Cultural Marriage. Take care now. Visuino actually allows you to tax dissertation solve this problem. With it you don;t have to break down the problem into a sequence of execution, but in functional blocks like Generator, Stepper Motor, Sine Wave generator etc.
It is a dataflow solution very different that something like Scratch as example, where you still have to code ;-) No, it doesn#8217;t solve the problem. In fact it only makes it worse in cross cultural marriage the long run because the essential skill of assignment services india, breaking down a large system into smaller parts isn#8217;t learned. Your solution is a dead end one as it develops no usable programming knowledge for cross cultural, someone to progress with. There#8217;s nothing with any weight to add to a resume. Labview is a usable skill in some engineering and scientific work. Assignment India. Simulink is the marriage essay, most useful as its used in everything from vehicles to spaceflight and it generates safety compliant code. Visuino is emotional abuse a toy.
Scratch at least teaches programming structure and the thought process. Well.. we all have different opinions :-) If you think that Visuino is toy, that is good :-) . At least kids will have fun with it. I use it myself, and I developed it originally for myself to solve my own programming problems, and a fair number of cultural essay, professionals already use it, but what I really want is the kids to essay space use it, and cross essay the younger the better, so your opinion that it is a #8220;toy#8221; tells me that I have succeeded in my primary goal, of making programming microcontrollers as much fun as playing a game :-) Traditional sequential programming in my opinion is obsolete, and not well suited for modern computer architectures, so teaching people programming process with scratch or other programming languages to me is Embassy, Canberra - Australia teaching them something that is marriage completely obsolete, and akin to teaching them machine code programming. Does it have some specific ocasional value? yes. Is it the proper way to design complex systems, and software? IMHO no ;-) Again this is my opinion, and I respect the assignment writing services, opinion of others :-) . We want diverse and colorful world, not single opinion or solution :-) . The more the merrier#8230; :-) Modern computer architectures when one gets down to the heart really hasn#8217;t changed that much. We#8217;ve added layers but the cross marriage, basics are there. There are academic CPUs that break some of the model, but they#8217;re still academic and suffer the same fate as most do. The harder part in all this isn#8217;t hardware, it#8217;s people and india their limitations. Cross Essay. Any design is something people have to india be able to wrap their problems around, and by extension, us.
There#8217;s also the inertia in cross marriage that any solution has to be better than the old, otherwise why use it? #8220;There’s also the antique watermarks paper, inertia in that any solution has to be better than the old, otherwise why use it?#8221; Exactly! Visuino allows you to create a very complex program in 2-3 minutes, and simpler one in 20-30 seconds. Marriage Essay. The same takes hours and days in traditional programming. Services India. So here is the reason I use it myself, and others use it too#8230; ;-) Speeding up and simplifying the development by orders of magnitude is cross cultural probably what people will call #8220;better than the old#8221; ;-) If you don;t believe my statement, you can watch some of my video tutorials. Rarely a project takes more than 1 minute to develop from scratch, and services I do many projects every day as part of my work. This would not have been possible without Visuino ;-) You#8217;re making the assumption that he#8217;s giving any merit to Visuino at all. Cultural Essay. He doesn#8217;t seem to be in any way.
I would tend to agree with him. You#8217;ve made a closed, dead end solution that hinders the development of tax dissertation help, essential skills. Cross. Your statement about paper, how modern processors work shows you don#8217;t understand how modern processors work at all. Cross Cultural Essay. We#8217;re also talking about an essay, 8bit AVR core. You claim it takes hours or days?
That#8217;s grossly exaggerated to read from a sensor or move a servo. Cross. You repeat how hard it is, and how long it takes then casually develop a graphical language IDE that is orders of magnitude more complex than even reading and manipulating a few registers on a micro using bitwise operations. It#8217;s not hard, and once someone bothers to actually learn it doesn#8217;t take very long to Embassy, Canberra do simple tasks. Yes, doing a simple task does not take long. Doing simultaneous tasks however is quite complex.
Furthermore Visuino programs on only AVRs, it programs Teensy, chipKIt PICs, ESP8266, ESP32, FreeSoc2, FemtoIO, Maple, and growing number of other platforms. Again, it could be just me, but trying to control the cultural, speed of stepper, while at the same time controlling ultrasonic ranger, has proven to be challenge for me doing it in traditional code. This was the reason I actually did the project for india, myself at the beginning. Everyone decides for himself what tools are best. The diversity is a great thing, and the more tools and cross options we have the better :-) It sounds a bit foolish to me however to judge a solution that you have never even tried for couple of minutes#8230; ;-) At least take a look at it, to see how crappy it really is, so you can bash it properly#8230; :-D.
Exactly. The difficulty of programming isn#8217;t in the program representation. It#8217;s in antique watermarks paper actually figuring out what you want to achieve and how you#8217;re going to explain that to the computer. Cultural Marriage Essay. I get what you are saying .. but there are situations where graphical programming tools help enormously. Of Good Writing. I spent a long time developing stuff for process control systems that used IEC-61131 programming languages. Cross Essay. These allowed chemical and mechanical engineers, who were not necessarily code jockeys, to to a respectable job implementing process control strategies. Of course, if you were a better programmer, from the standpoint of being able to model algorithms really well (just as you describe), then you could make better use of the tools. And, of course, if you really wanted to go crazy, you could do a bit of meta-programming, and write programs (usually in assignment services some textual scripting language) to generate the programs .. and cross marriage then folks could graphically see what you hag magically generated (hey #8212; auto-documentation!) And currently, I do a lot of node-red programming. Much faster than writing web-sockets, MQTT stuff, serial interface code etc by antique paper hand .. just plunk down the requisite blocks, wire them up and you#8217;re good #8212; because graphical languages compel the designer to think carefully about that a programmer tends to do over cultural and over .. Characteristics Of Good Writing. so the graphical components then offer a standard way to implement typical tasks. Of course, you can meta-program node-red too #8212; it#8217;s just a JSON document that parameterizes and wires together standard building blocks that. Cross Marriage. At any rate, I have done my fair share of graphical and textual programming, and graphical programming unquestionably has its place .. whether as an easy on-ramp for watermarks paper, beginners or as a way to rapidly knit together self-documenting code that is heavy with #8220;boiler-platable#8221; stuff ,, or, in cross marriage some cases, it#8217;s a great match for the conceptual elements of the problem being solved.
I#8217;m surprised people aren#8217;t mentioning Unreal#8217;s Blueprint. India. Granted not everyone deals with a game engine, but it is one of the more popular ones. I believe Unity has something similar. Marriage. Have been using LabView for over 20 years, with no pleasant experiences. LV is an abuse, accident waiting to happen. A reasonable analysis will have nothing to cross essay do with evaluating GUI stuff. The analysis of help, #8220;visual#8221; stuff should be data flow vs. imperative. I was going to marriage essay make a comment about LabView, but I see you#8217;ve gotten there first.
I only used it at emotional university, but even there making anything non-trivial was an cultural, exercise in frustration. One of the main issues for me was having to Tent Embassy, - Australia find the cultural marriage, correct symbol for the thing I wanted to antique watermarks paper do, you already know what it looks like, what it does, and cross cultural marriage what it#8217;s called, but you still have to go churning through UIs to find it. Then of characteristics, course there#8217;s the issue of making it #8216;readable#8217; (not sure what else to cross cultural essay call it). Perhaps you eventually become so proficient with the UI that hunting for the right symbol is watermarks paper no issue, perhaps you learn all the keyboard shortcuts (in which case you may as well be typing). Perhaps if I#8217;d been introduced to graphical programming first I#8217;d love that more than any of the others. Again, I believe that Visuino offers #8220;a bit#8221; friendlier experience than LabView ;-) #8220;One of the main issues for me was having to find the correct symbol for the thing I wanted to do, you already know what it looks like, what it does, and essay what it’s called, but you still have to space go churning through UIs to find it.#8221; Kind of essay, a graphical auto-complete is needed. Travel. In LabVIEW it#8217;s called #8216;Quick Drop#8217;.
Hit Ctrl+Space and start typing the name of the function you want to place. Cross Marriage Essay. You can create your own custom shortcut names for any function you want. Once you#8217;re used to it, you almost never use the graphical function palettes again. Creating a #8216;clean#8217; program is often frustrating, but as an electrical engineer turned full time LabVIEW developer for of good writing, 10+ years, the graphical nature of LabVIEW gave me the cross cultural essay, ability to create things I wouldn#8217;t have otherwise been able to via text based programming (because I am a visual learner, not because of anything lacking in text languages). Thesis. People can rip on graphical programming (and LabVIEW in cross cultural marriage essay particular) all day long, but I never had a particular interest in programming, then suddenly found myself primarily writing software for the next decade in an environment that matched the way I think and learn. I#8217;ve also seen my text programming interest and tax dissertation help skills improve due to using LabVIEW.
Like anything else, it#8217;s just one tool of essay, many that fits some problems and some users quite well, while others, not so much. I think you will discover that Visuino is #8220;a bit#8221; better than LabView ;-) I no for essay emotional, me a Person that no#8217;s nothing about programing Visuino is a lot better than LabVIEW. Cross Cultural. It takes something the average person can not due and makes it possible. For me it was being able to program my 4#8242; tall Skeleton Robot. Thank You Boian. Emotional Abuse. Thank you Chris :-) ! You know you should put the Skeleton Robot on Hackaday.io as a project. I am sure a lot of people would love to see it, and you may get some valuable input and help ;-) Why does this feel like a planted comment? You probably should ask Chris ;-) . I guess it is, because I have been blessed a lot of fans, and sooner or later one of them posts#8230; :-D . #8220;Graphical Programming Languages#8221; We probably will talk mostly dataflow programming like LabVIEW, Visuino, Embrio, but may cover some other concepts like Scratch etc. Something like what LEGO Technics uses?
Not quite. If I am not mistaken LEGO still uses sequence diagram, similar to programming. The plan is to essay focus on Dataflow design, where you specify what controls what, and let the editor figure out Embassy, Canberra - Australia, how to write the code. A much higher and easier to use design concept. Kind of like the cross marriage essay, way you hook your DVD/VCR to the TV and not focus on what signal and how each will send ;-) I was joking about the geoForth.
Have you considered any of the open source alternatives to those tools such as MyOpenLab, etc? We can talk about MyOpenLab etc. in the chat :-) . Since among many other Dataflow products, I also develop Visuino, and since Arduino programming is specifically challenging among inexperienced makers, for anything more complex than reading single sensor etc. I plan to mainly latk about writing space, it, but we can discuss other products and concepts too :-)
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Mamma Mia: A Feasibility Study of a Web-Based Intervention to Reduce the Risk of Postpartum Depression and Enhance Subjective Well-Being. Currently, 10-15% of women giving birth suffer from symptoms of cross cultural essay, postpartum depression. India? Due to a lack of knowledge of cross marriage essay, this condition and tax dissertation help the stigma associated with it, as well as few treatment options, a large proportion of postpartum women with depression remain untreated. Internet-based interventions have been found effective in treating depression, anxiety, phobias, and addictions. Hence, we developed such program (#x0201c;Mamma Mia#x0201d;) with the aim of reducing the cross cultural essay risk for postpartum depression and enhance subjective well-being. Mamma Mia is based on positive psychology, metacognitive therapy, and couples therapy. It starts in antique, gestational week 22, and lasts until 6 months after birth. During pregnancy, Mamma Mia is delivered weekly (every Monday).
After birth, Mamma Mia is delivered three times per week for cross cultural essay six weeks. Of Good? The remaining weeks, the program is delivered more sporadically. In total, Mamma Mia consists of 44 sessions. The program is individualized, interactive, and tunneled (ie, the user is guided through the cross marriage program in a pre-determined manner). The purpose of the present study was to pilot test the intervention in order to assess the watermarks paper feasibility and acceptance among program users. The present paper reports a feasibility study that combined quantitative survey data with semi-structured interviews. Participants (N=103) were recruited via hospitals, well-baby clinics, and cross marriage essay Facebook. Assignment Services? Due to time constraint in completing the current study, our results were based on participation in cross cultural marriage, one of the two phases: pregnancy or maternity.
Participants in the pregnancy phase were surveyed 4 and 8 weeks after intervention enrollment, and participants in the postnatal phase were surveyed 2 and 4 weeks after intervention enrollment. The survey assessed perceived usefulness, ease-of-use, credibility, and unobtrusiveness. All measures were filled in by participants at both measurement occasions. Data were analyzed by running descriptives and frequencies with corresponding percentages. Binomial tests were carried out to investigate whether demographics differed significantly from a 50/50 distribution. Paired sample t tests were used to examine differences between time 1 and 2. Four participants were interviewed in the qualitative follow-up study, where they were given the opportunity to address and elaborate on similar aspects as assessed in the survey. More than two-thirds of users found Mamma Mia to be of high quality and would recommend Mamma Mia to others.
By far, most also found the amount of information and frequency of the writing travel intervention schedule to be appropriate. Cultural Marriage Essay? Mamma Mia was perceived as a user-friendly and travel credible intervention. Overall, the user acceptance of cross cultural essay, Mamma Mia was good and Embassy, Canberra - Australia our findings add to the feasibility of the program. The effect of Mamma Mia on depression and cross marriage essay subjective well-being will be evaluated in a large randomized controlled trial, and if found to be effective, Mamma Mia could serve as a low-threshold prevention program. Postpartum Depression: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Treatment. The postpartum period represents a vulnerable time, where the woman is at increased risk for mental disorders . Studies typically report that 10%-15% of new mothers experience symptoms of severe emotional distress, frequently labelled postpartum depression (PPD) [2-4]. Postpartum depressive disorders vary in severity; ranging from the mildest kind seen in postpartum blues to moderate or major depression, to the most severe cases known as postpartum psychosis . While only 0.2% of new mothers experience postpartum psychosis, postpartum blues affect as many as 50%-80% of postpartum women and it is thus considered to be a fairly #x0201c;normal#x0201d; phenomenon.
Baby blues occurs during the first 7-10 days postpartum, and is assumed to arise due to hormonal reasons. Assignment Writing? Eventually, it wanes without treatment, especially with the support of family and friends and with the reassurance of health personnel that this reaction is quite normal . The PPD falls under the category of major depressive disorder found in the diagnostic manuals (DSM-IV-TR; ICD-10). According to the manuals [4,5], description, symptoms, course, and outcomes of cross marriage, PPD are similar to major depressive disorder. Essay Emotional? The only difference is the marriage essay time of its occurrence. The depression strikes in a woman#x02019;s life when she is expected to be as happy as can be, which obviously makes the experience of the depression particularly arduous. In order to fulfill a diagnosis of PPD, one must experience a period of at least 2 weeks of depressed mood or loss of interest in writing, almost all activities, as well as experiencing at least four of the following symptoms: change in appetite and weight, sleep, and psychomotor activity; decreased energy; feelings of worthlessness or guilt; difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions; and recurrent thoughts of death or suicidal ideation, plans, or attempts . Factors that put women at elevated risk for PPD include a personal history of cross essay, depression, family history of Embassy, - Australia, depression, negative life events, partner conflicts or low relationship satisfaction, low levels of social support, and certain baby characteristics [6,7].
The most common symptoms of PPD are tearfulness, feelings of hopelessness, inadequacy, guilt, inability to cope with and feel joy over the arrival of new baby, agitation and anxiety, loss of appetite, poor concentration and memory, sleep disturbances, fatigue, social isolation, and suicidal ideation . Women who suffer from PPD are less capable of essay, carrying out maternal duties, such as engaging in important developmental activities with the baby, like playing and talking, which may influence the child#x02019;s cognitive, and socioemotional development , as well as the infant#x02019;s attachment style . Men have an increased risk of depression when their partner is essay emotional depressed , and cultural marriage children of Canberra - Australia, depressed fathers are at increased risk of behavior problems . Finally, many women risk experiencing less severe on-going symptoms long after the depression is considered over, and they are at risk for recurring depression . The personal cost as well as the cost to society caused by PPD is large; thus, illustrating the pressing need for effective prevention and early intervention. According to the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines , effective treatment of depression is to cross cultural marriage essay, provide immediate support and information, problem-solving, and self-help. Several studies have also found cognitive-behavioral therapy , cognitive treatments , and metacognitive therapy  to assignment writing, be effective. Marriage Essay? However, a large proportion of those who suffer from Tent Canberra, PPD do not receive treatment, in cross cultural, part due to the stigma associated with the abuse disorder as well as limited access to effective treatments .
Another important reason why PPD treatment may be hampered is the under recognition of PPD. The under recognition is not only due to the brief consultations with the medical health professionals, but is also due to the difficulty in distinguishing PPD symptoms from normal symptoms seen in new mothers, such as tiredness, change in eating habits, difficulty with concentration and sleeping. New mothers also report to be unfamiliar with what constitute PPD symptoms, and do not know that they suffered from PPD until it was over. All these factors combined cause many people to cross cultural marriage, suffer #x0201c;in silence#x02019;#x02019;. In sum, barriers to effective treatment including lack of resources and trained providers and antique social stigma associated with PPD  suggest a need for innovative approaches to public health prevention and promotion. Many Web-based interventions have been designed and documented to be effective in treating various mental problems including depression , anxiety , and stress .
Studies document that people with these mental disorders greatly benefit from Web-based interventions [23,24] and that Web-based interventions represent a low threshold service with a high reach . More recently, two studies found support for the feasibility and usability of Web-based interventions targeting PPD [26,27], but there exist no randomized trials testing the cross marriage essay efficacy of characteristics writing, PPD interventions. Web-based interventions have been found successful in reaching women of lower socio-economic status, a group typically found to be harder to reach . It is also noteworthy that young women (ie, women in childbearing age) are the ones who use Internet most frequently when it comes to acquiring health-related information . Cross? A Web-based intervention can thus both prevent the development of depressive symptoms as well as reach out to the many people that suffer #x0201c;in silence#x02019;#x02019;, and it seems promising considering that many people prefer first line services (ie, local- and home-based services) rather than regional or specialist health care services. The Web-Based Intervention: Mamma Mia. Mamma Mia is an automated/unguided Web-based self-help intervention. The aim of Mamma Mia is threefold: (1) to prevent PPD, (2) to treat pregnant women/new mothers with mild-to-moderate symptoms of depression, and abuse (3) enhance subjective well-being. Overall, Mamma Mia consists of cross cultural essay, 3 phases (see Table 1 ). The pregnancy phase starts in gestational week 22 and ends in week 40 (estimated due date). The pregnancy phase consists of 16 sessions, which are delivered weekly.
The maternity phase starts when the infant is Embassy, Canberra 1-2 weeks old and lasts for 6 weeks. This phase is the most intense phase as these weeks are considered to comprise the most vulnerable time period for the new mother. Sessions are delivered three times per week, which make up a total of 18 sessions. The final phase is the low-intensity maternity phase, which consists of 10 sessions over 18 weeks. These sessions are delivered with some variation (weekly at first, and then every other week). In total, Mamma Mia consists of cultural, 44 sessions over a period of 11 months. For each session, the user receives an essay emotional email with a hyperlink. Cross Cultural Marriage Essay? By activating the link, the user gains access to Mamma Mia and of good writing proceeds in a predetermined/tunneled sequence of Web pages (ie, the tunnel information architecture) . In terms of cross cultural essay, delivery methods and information architecture, Mamma Mia is similar to previous eHealth programs, and tax dissertation help thus represents a well-tested approach to treatment [31-34]. The key components in cultural, Mamma Mia are (1) assessment of depressive symptoms, (2) metacognitive therapy, (3) positive psychology, (4) couples therapy, (5) breastfeeding, and (6) psychoeducation. These components are included because they are identified as important with regards to emotional distress during and essay writing travel shortly after pregnancy.
The same components (except for 5 and 6) are included in the partner version of the program. The most common screening-tool for PPD is the marriage Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), which assesses depressive symptoms during the last 7 days . Assignment Services? The program will monitor the participants#x02019; level of depressive symptoms over time (as measured by the EPDS). Cross? Depressive symptoms will be assessed on essay, three occasions during pregnancy and four times after birth. After each assessment, the participants will receive feedback based on their scores on the EPDS. The feedback is divided into#x000a0;three#x000a0;categories: (1) when there are no depressive symptoms, (2) when there are some depressive symptoms, and (3) when the cultural score is indicative of severe depression. If the participant#x02019;s score suggest the presence of tax dissertation, some/many depressive symptoms, the program will recommend the cultural essay user to speak to someone they trust about how they are feeling, and if necessary, seek professional help (the program suggests where one can seek professional help). The participant will repeatedly through the program be reminded that this is just a self help program, and if they are experiencing symptoms of depression it is important to get help. To decrease the symptoms of depression, the EPDS-score is additionally used to tailor a therapeutic component that is based on metacognitive therapy. Metacognitive therapy  is a recent development in watermarks, understanding and cross marriage essay treating mental health problems, which has been proven effective in treating depression .
The approach is based on a specific theory proposed by Wells and Matthews . The theory contends that those aspects of cognition that control mental processes create and maintain emotional or mental health problems. This mechanism leads to patterns of worry, rumination, threat monitoring, high conceptual activity, and essay emotional abuse counterproductive coping behaviors, and it is referred to as the cognitive attentional syndrome. Cross Marriage Essay? In contrast to cognitive therapy, metacognitive therapy does not deal with the content of specific negative thoughts, feelings, or beliefs (eg, #x0201c;I am worthless and Tent Canberra incompetent#x0201d;). Rather, it deals with the process of cultural marriage, how people arrive at and respond to tax dissertation, these negative thoughts, feelings, or beliefs (eg, self-evaluation). Cross Cultural? In other words, the product of the thinking process is not as important as the process itself. It is an inflexible and recurrent thinking style in response to negative thoughts, feelings, or beliefs that causes problems and needs to Embassy, - Australia, be treated.
In consequence, a key aspect in metacognitive therapy is therefore to cultural marriage essay, help people experience detached mindfulness, which is a disengaged and essay emotional objective form of cultural marriage essay, awareness in tax dissertation, response to thoughts, feelings, and beliefs. A state of detached mindfulness helps the person to separate the self from cross cultural, her or his thoughts. Thus, the present program educates users about mindfulness exercises to tax dissertation help, reduce the functions of thoughts . One such exercise is turning negative thoughts track, which is based on the acceptance and commitment therapy , and uses a combination of acceptance and mindfulness to help people distinguish themselves from thoughts, feelings, sensations, and memories. Other concrete tasks that aim to enhance mindfulness include #x0201c;the body scanning#x0201d; exercise and #x0201c;the gong#x0201d; exercise. Both tasks are based on cross cultural essay, audiotapes that instruct the person to try to visualize and focus on either a sound (the gong) or a marble travelling up and down on one#x02019;s spine. Thoughts can come and go, one is writing only to register that they are there, not evaluate them.
Positive psychology revolves around all that is good in life, and aspects that give meaning and enhance life satisfaction. Concrete tasks aimed at enhancing positive emotions, engagement, and a sense of meaning/purpose has been developed . The basic idea for the different tasks is the assumption that the effect of positive emotions extends beyond the immediate moment. Peterson and cross essay Seligman  argue that engaging in the tasks may enhance well-being, a sense of skill, efficiency, mastery, mental hygiene, as well as a person#x02019;s social network. That is, a person#x02019;s fundamental needs may be strengthened, which in turn may lower the risk of mental disorders. Indeed, several studies have demonstrated that various #x0201c;happiness-tasks#x0201d; have not only enhanced a person#x02019;s sense of life satisfaction, but also reduced the prevalence of depression [42,43]. Seligman et al  argue that these studies suggest efforts aimed at preventing/treating depression would benefit from including components based on positive psychology. One of the crucial ingredients in abuse, the present program is exactly that. Tasks that aim to enhance or facilitate gratitude, socializing, doing acts of kindness, optimism, and pleasant activities are included. The different tasks are described in some detail below.
The gratitude component involves assignments such as counting one#x02019;s blessings, writing down 3 good things that happened during the day, writing a letter of cross marriage, gratitude, and saying #x0201c;thank you#x0201d; more often than usual. In order to Tent - Australia, increase socialization and thus strengthen the social network, which in turn facilitates social support, one is encouraged to initiate social interaction with friends and relatives. Assignments include calling a friend and cultural marriage inviting him/her out and watermarks mapping one#x02019;s social network. One is also advised on how to get new friends, and strengthening existing relationships (eg, find out cross essay, about a friend#x02019;s plan and follow-up the writing next week by asking how it went, or give compliments to a partner or friend). Cross Marriage? In terms of acts of kindness, one is encouraged to do acts of kindness to others, keeping track of such acts, and essay emotional plan them ahead of time. Examples of kind acts are provided, while one is also encouraged to marriage essay, figure out essay emotional, such acts for oneself. The #x0201c;best possible self#x0201d; exercise is marriage essay intended to increase optimism [45,46]. Here, the person is encouraged to envision scenarios of a future life in which many goals and dreams have been actualized and where much personal potential have been met. Assignments in the coming week will ask the person to elaborate on the scenarios, to recognize what one has already achieved that is in line with the best possible life scenario, challenge and antique watermarks turn around obstructive thoughts, and break major goals down into achievable sub-goals and milestones. The final positive psychology task is based on cognitive behavioral therapy , and is intended to facilitate the engagement in pleasant activities.
The program starts by prompting the person to compile a list of activities that make her/him feel good. In the subsequent weeks, the marriage essay person is help asked to schedule one or more of these activities. She or he is also asked to cross marriage, determine a goal for Tent Canberra - Australia one of the activities. Essay? By including such a goal, one is implicitly encouraged to repeat the essay emotional activity over time. A recent study suggests relationship dissatisfaction to be the strongest predictor of maternal emotional distress during pregnancy [48,49]. Hence, a unique component of the program is dedicated to enhancing communication between partners and facilitating healthy conflict resolution, which in turn is expected to improve relationship satisfaction. The couple#x02019;s therapy is marriage mainly based on a course that has been evaluated as an online program . The course is thesis writing based on cross, cognitive behavior therapy. Five video clips are presented with the essay emotional aim of enhancing communication skills, facilitating conflict resolution, and encouraging the expression of positive feelings toward each other.
Following each video clip, one is essay encouraged to make use of the techniques that have been introduced. An example of a task is to tax dissertation help, let one#x02019;s partner know when he or she made you feel appreciated; this task is intended to facilitate the expression of positive emotions between partners. Cultural Essay? Another task that targets healthy conflict resolution is #x0201c;the active listening#x0201d; task. This task requires that the partner that holds an object is the one talking. The other partner listens. When the person is services finished talking, he or she gives the object to cross cultural essay, the other person and he/she repeats what was said. This task is intended to encourage listening and to raise awareness in of good thesis writing, terms of how one typically and cultural ideally communicates in a relationship.
Research suggests a relation between breastfeeding and depressive symptoms [51-55]. Formative research done prior to the development of antique paper, Mamma Mia aimed to cross marriage essay, discover the - Australia topics that were most important with regards to well-being and depressive symptoms [56,57]. Cross Cultural? These studies confirmed that breastfeeding difficulties were strongly linked to depressive symptoms of postpartum. Hence, a component in the program focuses on breastfeeding, both normalizing difficulties associated with it, providing useful advice and of good thesis assistance, as well as informing of the optional use of substitute. Every session in the program includes information regarding topics such as emotional lability in cross, pregnancy, changes and challenges in the partner relationship, the importance of social support, the fetus and the infant#x02019;s development, birth etc. Short video clips are available to demonstrate and explain the Tent Embassy, Canberra infant#x02019;s state regulation system (sleep-wake cycles), and this information is integrated with issues related to the infant#x02019;s capacity to cultural marriage, sleep and essay space rest, soothability, interaction/communication etc. The intention is cross marriage that the assignment writing services india program will provide the woman with relevant information adjusted to her own progress through pregnancy and after the child is born. Before disseminating Mamma Mia, we found it pertinent to investigate the feasibility of the program. Therefore, we pilot tested the intervention to observe how it is used and perceived by its users, and how this relates to the operation and future development of Mamma Mia. Consequently, the cross essay objectives with the present study were to (1) examine user acceptance of Mamma Mia, (2) examine how it was perceived among end-users, and (3) identify potential issues with use, acceptance, and program-specific needs that might provide added value to Mamma Mia and its operation and future development. Survey Design and Data Collection.
The present study combined quantitative survey data with semi-structured interviews to assess the feasibility and acceptance among program users. Survey data were collected by writing, means of Web-based questionnaires at cross marriage two measurement points (T1 and T2). Due to time constraint in completing the current study, our results were based on participation in one of the two phases: pregnancy or maternity. Participants in the pregnancy phase were surveyed 4 and 8 weeks after intervention enrollment, and participants in the postnatal phase were surveyed 2 and 4 weeks after intervention enrollment. Furthermore, program usage was continuously monitored by means of log server registrations. Six items were rated on help, a scale from cross cultural marriage essay, 1-7 in order to assess a person#x02019;s belief that using Mamma Mia is useful and helps increasing well-being . Four items were rated on a scale from 1-7 to measure a person#x02019;s belief that using Mamma Mia is essay writing space free of effort . Four items were rated on a scale from 1-7 to cultural marriage essay, assess whether Mamma Mia is considered credible and characteristics thesis trustworthy. User Satisfaction is measured in terms of how users rate the overall quality and satisfaction of the program, and whether they would recommend it to others.
Four items were rated on a 1-7 scale . Four items were rated on a 1-7 scale to cross, assess whether users have the opportunity to use Mamma Mia seamlessly as part of their daily routines. Estimated means of all the measures were reported in Table 4 . Technical problems were measured using a single yes/no option (#x0201c;Have you experienced any technological problems in using Mamma Mia?#x0201d;). Space? Participants that responded #x0201c;yes#x0201d;, were provided an additional open-ended question, #x0201c;Please describe the cultural marriage technological problems you have been experiencing?#x0201d;
Improvements were assessed using a single open-ended question, #x0201c;If you could improve anything in Mamma Mia, what would that be?#x0201d; Participants were recruited at tax dissertation help 5 health care clinics and 2 hospitals. Here, midwives/public health nurses handed out cross cultural marriage essay, a brochure and characteristics offered to try Mamma Mia. We recruited primarily women, and their partners through the women. The reason why we did it this way is cultural marriage essay because women often go to the follow-ups at the well-baby clinics and hospitals by essay writing travel, themselves. Potential participants had to cross essay, take home the brochure and send an email to the administrator of the program to register for participation. Upon registration, participants were enrolled consecutively from February to May 2012. Participants were also recruited on Facebook (30% of the total sample). In order to be included in help, the study, one had to be in cross cultural marriage, gestational week 22 or 2-3 weeks after birth, or one had to be the partner of a women in gestational week 22 or who had given birth within the last two weeks. Antique? The two inclusion criteria we applied were that all participants had to cultural essay, be 18 years or older, and they had to be able to read and understand Norwegian. A total of 103 users were recruited from February to abuse, May in 2012.
By far, most participants were female (82%) and the mean age was 31.4 years (SD 4.3; range 20-41 years). Female participants were on average slightly younger (mean 31.1, SD 4.4) than male participants (mean 33.4, SD 4.0). However, this difference in essay, age between female and male participants was non-significant ( t 54 =-1.1, P =.28). Furthermore, binomial tests of 50/50 proportions (all P values, P #x0003c;.02) confirm that most participants were ethnically Norwegian, had 4-5 years of college or university education, currently employed, and writing had no previous children ( P#x02264; .02). Cultural Marriage? Most participants who were recruited were in their pregnancy and writing multinomial tests of equal categories show further that most participants were currently in a relationship ( P#x02264; .01). For more information on marriage essay, participant characteristics, please see Table 2 . Missing data ranged from 4% (41/103)-32% (33/103). Interview Design and Data Collection. A total of tax dissertation, 103 participants were recruited to test the usage of Mamma Mia, among which a random subset of cross essay, 10 was invited to take part in an interview. Four participants (3 women; 1 man) agreed to do the in-depth, semi-structured, tape-recorded interview.
The participants were interviewed in turn, and it was decided that it was not necessary to interview additional participants after the 4 interviews had been completed as the analyses reached a satisfactory saturation point (ie, the same themes emerged). An interview schedule was developed with open-ended questions with prompts and follow-up questions employed to writing india, elicit a breadth and depth in responses . The interview schedule asked participants to describe how they viewed Mamma Mia in terms of its appeal, usability, strengths and opportunities, limitations, and challenges. The interview schedule also addressed the participants#x02019; fidelity to essay, the program, and why there had been a high/low degree of fidelity. Participants were encouraged to discuss both positive and help negative feedback.
Participants were also encouraged to think aloud in marriage, terms of how to best market the program, and the final question was an assignment services open question, where participants could raise issues that had not been addressed in the interview. All the interviews were conducted by the first author, and they were conducted in her office. They lasted approximately 1 hour. The data were transcribed verbatim. All four (P1-P4) participants had higher education and were married/cohabitant. Three participants had previous children. Two participants had tested pregnancy phase, and two had tested the maternity (including high and low intensity) phase. In total, 78.6% (81/103) participants were engaged with Mamma Mia, while 21.4% (22/103) participants did not initiate the use of Mamma Mia. In the pregnancy phase, the average number of completed program days was 7.4 (SD 6.9).
Median number of completed program days was 6. In the maternity phase, the average number of completed program days was 11.5 (SD 11.8). The median number of completed program days was 5. The program lasted for 11 months. Due to cross cultural marriage essay, time constraint in completing the current study, however, we chose to study adherence within a limited time frame. Consequently, users have not been given the chance to complete the help program. Cultural Marriage? Thus, usage data may not accurately reflect adherence. The response rates varied from 25% (6/24)-58.6% (44/75) (see Table 3 for details).
The theoretical range goes from 1 through 7 for all five scales. Generally, ratings were high, indicating good user acceptance. Paired sample t tests were performed to compare ratings across time (T1 and cross marriage essay T2), and results suggested that the ratings were stable over time. Therefore, Table 4 reports the figures from T1 only. A total of writing india, 47 improvements were suggested by the participants. Figure 1 is a word cloud based on the text users have provided with common words removed (such as prepositions). A word cloud gives greater prominence to words that appear more frequently in the source text. As can be seen, words like #x0201c;information#x0201d;, #x0201c;adjustment#x0201d;, #x0201c;platform#x0201d;, #x0201c;independence#x0201d;, and #x0201c;multiparous#x0201d; were the most prominent. If we re-contextualize the words within the source text, a few clear categories become emergent.
First, 36% (17/47) comments were related to individualization or tailoring of intervention content. Based on these 17 comments, five reported that the program should be adjustable to gestational week or number of weeks after giving birth. Five participants commented that Mamma Mia should adjust its information to whether one is giving birth for the first time or not. Finally, 6 participants also noted that Mamma Mia should adjust the couples#x02019; therapy so that (1) users without partners can skip the couple#x02019;s therapy and (2) that the essay couples#x02019; therapy can be repeated so partners more easily can manage to follow it together. Regarding (1), one participant actually reported feeling #x0201c;down#x0201d; when faced with the couples#x02019; therapy as it merely acted as a reminder about a recent sensitive event (ie, most likely a breakup). Although such cases may not occur very frequently, they pose a real threat to the well-being of the individual and act counterproductive to the objective of Mamma Mia. Regarding (2), it is not exactly clear, based on participants#x02019; comments, what actions can be taken to help couples follow the couples#x02019; therapy together. It could mean that the program should be isolated from Mamma Mia as a stand-alone component or it could simply mean that better coordination in the program would be helpful. Embassy, - Australia? But this quickly becomes speculative and further testing is warranted.
Second, 28% (13/47) comments were concerned with improvements to cross cultural marriage, the information provided in Mamma Mia. Emotional Abuse? It seems that users have a two-fold opinion. On the one hand, some users request more information, especially about the baby in utero and about mothers#x02019; emotional and physical development during pregnancy. On the other hand, some information seems redundant or familiar, especially for women who already have children. The latter may be an cultural marriage important cue for increasing adherence. In a recent study by Tonkin-Crine and assignment services colleagues , they interviewed participants to identify reasons for not engaging with a Web-based intervention for cross chronic illness. Watermarks? What they found was that participants who already knew much about their chronic illness found a lot of the information superfluous, and hence dropped out. Participants suggested that more information should be optional or adjusted according to the level of knowledge of the cross cultural participant, which inevitably leads to some form of individualization or tailoring. The third emergent category is related to technological development. Tax Dissertation Help? A total of 23% (11/47) comments mentioned that program adherence was made difficult by cross cultural marriage essay, not being available for iPad or smartphones. This means that these participants report that Mamma Mia should ideally be platform independent.
Platform independence ensures the accessibility and ubiquity of Mamma Mia as participants can take the program on-the-go or wherever they are. Writing Services? In conclusion, we have identified three main categories of suggested improvements which account for 87% of the marriage essay variation in participants#x02019; responses. The remaining residual of 13% does not add up to any further coherent or meaningful categories. Space? Typically, the residual consists of cross cultural marriage, individual responses such as #x0201c;discovered typos#x0201d; or #x0201c;option for chatting with health personnel#x0201d;. Reflective Practice and Participant Feedback. The first lesson from the present study is that not all participants seem to writing space, read information about Mamma Mia very carefully during recruitment. It is estimated that roughly 10% of the participants that were recruited, had passed the gestational week 22 or were more than 2-3 weeks passed giving birth. Cross? Consequently, participants sign up even though they are passed the point of Tent Embassy, - Australia, registration. This results in #x0201c;confusion#x0201d;, #x0201c;misunderstandings#x0201d;, and questions about #x0201c;where can I adjust the program to my gestational week?#x0201d; At least two participants also had to be re-registered from the prenatal phase to the postnatal phase of Mamma Mia, because they signed up late in their final trimester. The second lesson is that including hospitals and health care clinics require greater amounts of time and effort. Cross? The key factors that can promote or inhibit the use and antique watermarks paper implementation of Mamma Mia in health care settings are not known at this point in time.
However, the overall impression during recruitment was that hospitals and health care clinics experienced difficulties recruiting the numbers expected and needed. Only 61.2% (63/103) participants were recruited at hospitals and health care clinics despite the fact that 925 brochures were handed out and 9 meetings were held about Mamma Mia, at the very same hospitals and health care clinics. Cross Cultural Essay? Consequently, RBUP (Centre for Child and watermarks Adolescent Mental Health) started recruiting participants online after the recruitment had started at hospitals and cross marriage essay health care clinics, and essay emotional with less time and less effort they managed to recruit 35% (36/103) participants. Also, due to the slow recruitment, the cultural marriage question #x0201c;Where were you recruited for assignment services india the user survey of Mamma Mia?#x0201d; was included late into cross cultural marriage the recruitment period. Out of 7 responses, only 1 reported being recruited at a health care clinic. The remaining 6 participants were either recruited via their private or social network or RBUP. We were interested in the women#x02019;s qualitative experience of watermarks paper, Mamma Mia, and in the issues they themselves raised in marriage, relation to it. The analyses relied upon organizing sections of the data into recurrent themes . In accordance with Braun #x00026; Clarke , our approach is based on a thematic analysis, as opposed to a theoretical analysis; our themes were identified in an inductive manner, making the themes strongly linked to the data; and we took a semantic approach in that we did not look for a deeper meaning beyond what the participant said. Furthermore, we followed Kissling#x02019;s recommendation  to let the data itself suggest names for writing space travel the themes, and took direct quotes from the transcripts to illustrate the marriage essay kind of data classified by each theme.
In an attempt to increase reliability and validity, two researchers analyzed the data, first separately, then jointly. Additionally, the qualitative analyses were carried out without knowledge of the quantitative survey. Space? The themes could largely be categorized either as strength or weakness, or both. Thus, the cross cultural essay findings are presented below in abuse, terms of strengths and cultural weaknesses for each theme. The accessibility of the program was largely mentioned as one of the assignment writing strengths of the program. The opportunity to complete the sessions at home or at work, depending on when one had the time was greatly appreciated. Cross Cultural? This is in line with previous research . Participants appreciated that the information was concise and brief, and it was easy to characteristics writing, understand.
Moreover, it was presented to them at an appropriate time; they received the information when they felt they needed it. The women enjoyed that the program was organized according to a tunneled sequence; that is, they were guided through the program and had to complete one module before proceeding to the next. As one participant said #x0201c;to me, the program felt like a safe guidance that contained the information I needed when I needed it#x0201d; (P1). The frequency of the sessions was found to be appropriate, although it was suggested that the preparation phase of the program could ideally have had more frequent sessions. The interviewees expressed enthusiasm with regards to the information and exercises that targeted the relationship with partner and sensitivity with regards to the infant#x02019;s signals.
As one participant said: #x0201c;With Mamma Mia, you get the knowledge you won#x02019;t get anywhere else#x0201d; (P2). Cross Essay? Moreover, they enjoyed how the program was not a mere channel for information that provides general advice, but it #x0201c;raised#x0201d; questions that stimulated to Canberra, self-reflection and it provided helpful exercises in an interactive manner. These aspects made learning fun, and stimulated to change. Participants expressed confidence in the program, and cross cultural the program was reported to be credible. Confidence and credibility were enhanced by Canberra, the brochure, which described how the program had been developed by experts in the field.
It was emphasized in two of the interviews how it was of cross cultural essay, great importance that health personnel whom they trusted were the ones who conveyed information regarding the program. One participant (P1) expressed how she felt #x0201c;that the program was developed and provided as part of the public health care system#x0201d;, and thus she felt that the program was a good thing for her. The major reason for high fidelity was the participants#x02019; curiosity in essay travel, terms of what was to come in the program. Another reason why participants completed the program was that completing the sessions proved to be break and cross essay a #x0201c;time-out#x0201d; for multiparous women in a hectic everyday life. Watermarks? As one woman said #x0201c;the program provided an opportunity to take the time to connect with the baby in my tummy#x0201d; (P3). Ordinarily they would not have taken the time to focus inward on the fetus, and so the cultural marriage essay program facilitated contact and attachment with the unborn baby. A final reason for completing the program was the desire to be confirmed; confirmed that she was #x0201c;doing the watermarks paper right thing#x0201d; for cross marriage essay her baby (P1). A major limitation had to do with a lack of flexibility. As one participant said, #x0201c;my main complaint is the inflexibility in essay emotional, terms of when you can start with the program, you should be able to start up regardless of where you are in your pregnancy#x0201d; (P2). Cultural? All interviewees expressed a desire to be able to go back and repeat a previous session. The inability to use the program on tablets and writing travel smart phones was also mentioned as a major limitation.
Finally, because of its emphasis on the relationship with the cross essay partner, the program was viewed as targeting the nuclear family, and other family constellations (such as single mothers) would likely not find the program to be adjusted to their needs. As one participant said, #x0201c;a friend of essay writing, mine, who is about to become a single mom#x02026;she sort of chose to have this baby on her own. She went to Denmark and cross cultural marriage had a donor. Tax Dissertation Help? I thought many of the themes in the program would be good for her, but then I thought, no, no, it wouldn#x02019;t work, cause the program is really custom-made for the #x0201c;standard person#x0201d; for the nuclear family#x0201d; (P1). Although the cross essay information provided throughout the writing services india program was largely emphasized as one of the strengths in the program, it was mentioned that the follow-up phase (10 weeks postpartum and onward) could have contained more information regarding the baby#x02019;s development and attachment etc. The inaccessibility for tablets and smartphones was a major limitation and reported as a barrier of use. The interviewees were encouraged to describe how the program could be further improved, and expectations emerged as a common topic.
Specifically, they wanted the program to focus more on expectations with regards to breastfeeding. They wanted to learn more about how breastfeeding can be challenging, and that there are alternatives if it turns out to be too problematic. Furthermore, it was suggested that addressing expectations with regards to the postpartum period as a whole would be very useful. Many new mothers plan to do too many things after having a baby, and cultural essay Mamma Mia could therefore serve as a useful reminder that having a baby is both unpredictable and inherently hectic in and of itself. The purpose of the present study was to assess the feasibility and acceptance among program users with regards to tax dissertation, the Web-based intervention Mamma Mia, as well as to identify potential issues that could be improved.
The typical user in our study was a well-educated employed woman, living with a partner and being pregnant for the first time. On an average, users in the pregnancy phase completed 7 sessions, while users in the maternity phase completed 12 sessions. The user-survey and interviews identified critical internal and external success factors for cultural marriage essay initiation and continued use of Mamma Mia (ie, factors that promote or inhibit intervention adoption) . Internal factors refer to assignment writing india, the strengths and weaknesses internal to cross marriage, the intervention such as its information quality, while external factors refer to the opportunities and threats presented by the external environment to the intervention such as technological changes or lack thereof. Importantly, the aspects emphasized by the interviewees were in line with findings from the questionnaires.
The main internal strengths were the quality and relevance of the information provided in the program. More than two-thirds of users found Mamma Mia to be of high quality and would recommend Mamma Mia to others. By far, most also found the amount of information and frequency of the intervention schedule to antique watermarks paper, be appropriate. Moreover, Mamma Mia was perceived as a user-friendly and credible intervention. In terms of internal weaknesses, it was mentioned that the program sessions could be more frequent during the pregnancy phase, and in the maternity phase there could be more information regarding the baby#x02019;s development and attachment. Opportunities and cross cultural marriage Threats for Real Implementation.
Mamma Mia is operated on a stable platform and Embassy, Canberra - Australia there were few reports of technical problems. Cross Cultural? In line with previous research , the accessibility of the assignment writing program in terms of allowing users to complete the sessions at home or at marriage work emerged as an important advantage of the program. Health care workers that conveyed the information regarding Mamma Mia emerged as both an writing external threat and potential strength. They constituted strength in terms of cross cultural essay, enhancing the credibility of the program, which in turn made the participants more eager to try the program. However, as described earlier, many health care workers failed to Tent Embassy, Canberra - Australia, inform potential participants about the cultural essay program, which posed a fundamental barrier to initiation of the program. In order to achieve a successful dissemination of Mamma Mia, it is necessary to have credible sources (ie, health care workers) that are committed to the program. More research is needed in order to determine how this form of commitment can best be achieved. The main external threat, however, was the inaccessibility for tablets and smartphones. As many failed to understand that the intervention starts in gestational week 22 one has to take great care to communicate clearly when the intervention starts when releasing Mamma Mia among potential end-user. Help? Communication and cultural essay marketing plans have to ensure that users are registered at the right time according to gestational week, and one has to carefully plan how to implement Mamma Mia during point of care in health care settings.
Findings suggest a need for improvements in mainly three domains: (1) making Mamma Mia available for iPads and smartphones to increase accessibility, (2) provide more information, and (3) individualization to gestational week, couples versus singles, first-time parents versus second-time parents. The most common barrier of use was the inaccessibility for essay tablets and smartphones. In turn, improvements were made such that the final version of Mamma Mia is available for iPads and marriage smartphones. More frequent program sessions during the pregnancy phase as well as more information regarding breastfeeding, sleep, child development, and antique watermarks paper attachment were requested, and all of cultural essay, these requests were taken into account and incorporated in the final revision of the Tent program. All interviewees expressed a desire to marriage essay, be able to go back and repeat a previous session.
Thus, the final version of Mamma Mia includes a #x0201c;personal#x0201d; home page, which gives an overview of assignment writing india, all the sessions one has completed, and all the sessions that are to come. After a program session has been completed, one can go back and repeat it as often as one likes. In terms of cross marriage essay, individualization , there is a definite long-term goal to adjust Mamma Mia to the needs of single parents, parents who have premature infants, parents with previous children, as well as non-Norwegian speakers. Participants in the present study also requested an improved flexibility in terms of program initiation. Participants wanted the program to be adjusted to their respective gestational week. This request has not been accommodated, however. Mamma Mia starts in mid-pregnancy because it is considered optimal to promote relationship satisfaction and prenatal attachment early (but not too early when the risk of miscarriage is still high) when the goals are to prevent depression and enhance well-being.
In consequence, the program initiation continues to be limited to gestational week 22. The main concern with the present user study has to do with generalizability. Due to the use of space travel, a convenience sample the findings may not be representative for all mothers (eg, ethnically diverse users, fathers or partners, and users with lower socio-economic status). There was a substantial dropout from the treatment program in this study. However, treatment dropout is cultural common to most Internet-based programs . Particularly, for comprehensive multi-session interventions, like Mamma Mia (ie, for each session added), an opportunity for dropout is also added . Importantly, however, we were able to deliver and test a substantial number of emotional, program sessions. As in all qualitative research, a potential confounding variable in this study is the influence of the interviewer on the respondents. As the cross marriage essay interviewees were aware that the interviewer had a professional interest in Mamma Mia, it may have influenced the responses in different ways. For instance, the participants may have wished to come across in a socially desirable manner, and hence were likely to give positive feedback.
On the other hand, they may have felt that the interview was the perfect opportunity to communicate directly what could be improved to the developers of the program. As the interviewees all gave nuanced feedback, it is likely that they felt comfortable being honest in the interview setting. It is important to - Australia, note that while additional nuances would probably be captured with a larger sample; the main themes described herein would remain . Moreover, the essay themes from the interviews were in line with the findings from the quantitative data, which adds to the reliability of the findings. It is of essence that participants are invited to use Mamma Mia when they are in gestational week 22, which is why follow-ups in hospitals and well-baby clinics are thought to antique watermarks paper, be the best settings to recruit women. That way midwives and cross cultural essay doctors can inform women of the program when they are close to gestational week 22. In the present study, the paper primary setting for recruitment was the hospital and well-baby clinics, and cultural yet only 60% (62/103) of participants were recruited there. Moreover, several participants had failed to understand that the intervention started in gestational week 22. It is not clear what inhibited successful/efficient promotion of Mamma Mia in hospitals and well-baby clinics; nevertheless, it is clear that one has to find an efficient way to organize and deliver Mamma Mia which is unobtrusive to health care personnel.
A more comprehensive monitoring of the assignment writing services india recruitment process may have revealed the marriage essay sticking points and thus been informative for further evaluation studies as well as real world implementation of Mamma Mia. We were able to deliver a substantial number of sessions, and the high scores on measures of usefulness, ease-of-use, credibility, unobtrusiveness, and user satisfaction suggest a high level of acceptance. Findings from the user survey and interviews were consistent, which add to the reliability of the results. Embassy, Canberra - Australia? The recruitment process revealed that Mamma Mia was more appealing to pregnant women, rather than women who have just given birth. This is advantageous and not surprising as the program is designed to cross cultural, follow women through both the pregnancy and postpartum months.
There is a challenge in attracting several segments of the population such as more ethnically diverse users, fathers or partners, and users with lower socio-economic status. In order to further increase user acceptance of this and similar programs, making such programs more adaptable to watermarks, individual needs and preferences seems to cross, be a key factor. Tent Canberra? The study revealed certain barriers of use, and improvements have been made to eliminate these in the final version. Overall, the user acceptance of Mamma Mia was fairly good and our findings add to the feasibility of the cross program. Assignment? We find it appropriate to proceed to the next step of evaluation: a randomized controlled trial to test the effect of essay, Mamma Mia on well-being and postpartum depressive symptoms.
Mamma Mia was developed by assignment writing india, Changetech AS in collaboration with RBUP for cross cultural NKS (The Norwegian Women's Public Health Association).
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Cross-cultural Marriages Contribute to Racial Tolerance - PrivateWriting
How to Write a Stay at Home Mom Resume. By Resume Genius. Returning to the workforce is a major decision for any stay at home mom (or dad). Once that difficult choice is made, the next hurdle is not much easier; preparing your resume. There’s not one perfect method to follow. The resume format that you eventually settle on depends upon the employment experience you had prior to your time spent raising your child or children as well as what you were doing while at home. Here are a few examples of cross cultural, resumes for stay at home moms with different levels of previous professional experience. Resume for a Mom or Dad with lots of Professional Experience. If you fall into services india this category, the process for making a killer resume is cultural marriage essay fairly straightforward.
You already have a strong foundation to build from writing travel, because of your work history. The major hurdle you face is how to address the time gap. Choosing the proper resume format can take care of this, which in this case is the combination resume. By using a combination resume you focus on your qualifications and skills relevant to the job you are applying to first. Those are then supported with your previous professional experience. Our applicant, Nora Thresher, is cultural marriage looking to essay writing space rejoin the professional finance world after taking a few years off due to the birth of her first child. She opens her resume with a Qualifications Summary that shows why she would be a great employee before she discusses her work history. Her work history opens with the cultural marriage fact that she was self-employed. Basically, she worked part-time from home while raising her child, but she doesn’t need to of good thesis writing mention that . By moving the work history under the Qualification Summary, and by keeping it professional, it’s enough to avoid raising any initial red flags. She can go into more detail if needed on the cover letter or during the interview.
Stay at Home Parent with Professional Experience Resume Template. 2190 Cleveland Ave, Canton, OH 44702. Efficiency and cross essay, Time Management: Proven track record of completing reports and audits well before deadlines. Management Skills: Assisted in training 3 junior accountants, monitoring their attention to antique paper detail during the first 30 days of their tenure. Awards and Recognition: Awarded “Employee of the Month” 3 times in recognition of my tireless work ethic. Cross Essay! Relevant Job Skills: Adept at creating financial reports that follow GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) and conducting risk analysis using FRAP (Facilitated Risk Analysis Process). Communication Skills: Excellent written and tax dissertation help, verbal skills. Proficient with various forms of electronic communication such as email, chat and cross marriage, VoIP applications.
PRIVATE PRACTICE Canton, OH. Tax Accountant March 2011 – Present. Prepared annual and writing, quarterly tax returns for individuals and small businesses. Cultural Marriage Essay! Advised clients on Tent Embassy, Canberra, tax related information, such as IRA accounts and charitable donations, saving individuals an average of marriage, 12% on owed taxes from services, previous filings. Filed extensions helping clients avoid penalties. Cross Essay! Continuously research the Federal Tax Code to essay emotional ensure all tax protocols are followed correctly. MARCUS ROSS, LLC Cleveland, OH. Financial Advisor July 2008 – March 2011. Reviewed accounts regularly ensuring compliance with both internal and external rules and regulations.
Used tax and cross, investment strategies to develop financial plans for small and medium-sized businesses. Increased sales of financial products for the business an average of 8% each quarter. Antique Watermarks! Forecasted losses and cultural marriage essay, earnings extremely accurately allowing the thesis writing company to marriage intelligently manage resources. B.S. in Accounting, June 2008. Resume for a Mom or Dad with a Little Previous Work Experience. Even if your work experience is a little lacking, the essay above resume style is OK for you as well, but you have another option too. The next style of resume is even better if your education is relevant to the position for which you are applying. The first resume focuses on the applicants work related skills and cross essay, experience. Characteristics Of Good Thesis! If yours is limited, you can instead start with your education. While our first applicant might only list the name of the university she attended, her major, and the date of graduation, when leading off with your education you’ll want to give a lot more details . This applicant, Valerie Perkins, doesn’t have enough professional experience to focus on cross cultural essay, her skills and work history. Tent Embassy, Canberra! She decided to use a Career Objective to show why she would be a great candidate for essay the open Assistant Manager position followed by tax dissertation her education.
Because her work experience is fairly limited, Valerie went more into her education than most professionals would. She listed her GPA because it was over 3.0 and also included coursework that’s relevant and the time she spent volunteering. she phrased it just like someone who was working for cross cultural marriage a large retailer would. She did not lie, nor did she stretch the truth , but she did use words to assignment describe her part-time online sales that were more professional than those she’d use while discussing how she earns some extra money to her friends. Stay at cross marriage essay, Home Parent with Some Experience Resume Template. 1942 Walnut St., Cincinnati, OH 45202. An organized and tax dissertation help, motivated Customer Service professional with over 6 years of cultural essay, experience in characteristics of good writing consumer relations. Aiming to cross marriage essay parlay my proven customer service background and communication skills to effectively fulfilling the requirements of the characteristics Assistant Customer Service Manager position. Target your Career Objective to each specific job you’re applying for. It can be as simple as changing the position.
CINCINNATI CITY COLLEGE Cincinnati, OH. B.A. in Sociology, June 2007. • Relevant Coursework: Speech Communications, Sociology of Work, Sociology of Emotions, Social Psychology. o Volunteer RA (Resident Advisor) for 2 years. o Volunteer Student Center Social Sciences Tutor. PRIVATE PRACTICE Cincinnati, OH. Online Retailer February 2010 – Present. • Launched and managed successful online retail shop with an cultural marriage average of $10,000 of Embassy,, sales per month. • Marketed business through multiple channels including Internet forums, social media, and cultural, personal networks. • Facilitated customer needs in regards to questions, complaints, and product returns.
• Continuously researched products manufacturers, customer relations etiquette, and watermarks, online retail community best practices. Customer Service Representative July 2007 – February 2010. • Conferred with customers by telephone or in person to provide information about products or services, take or enter orders, or obtain details of complaints. • Directed requests and cross cultural marriage, unresolved issues to appropriate departments. • Decreased customer complaints by 15% over the previous year by spearheading a new companywide SOP for the handling of merchandise returns.
• Recommended improvements in products and services from tax dissertation, firsthand customer feedback to company merchandisers. • Introduced customers to V.I.P. Cross Cultural! membership program, informing them of the annual average savings and other benefits recognized by members. Resume for a Mom or Dad with No Previous Work Experience. The most difficult of writing services, all scenarios for a stay at cross cultural marriage, home parent wanting to assignment writing services india enter the work force is when you don’t have any work experience at all. It gets even more complicated if your education is limited as well.
If you have only recently graduated from cross cultural marriage, high school, that is if you’re only antique paper, a year or two removed, you can always use a resume similar to what a high school student with little or no experience would use. Find a way to build up some relevant or useful skills and qualifications. A better approach however is to do something to try and build up some relevant or useful skills and qualifications. Once you have something useful to cultural essay put on a resume, then you can actually start worrying about characteristics of good writing fine-tuning your resume and turning into an interview grabbing machine. Here are a few ways to do just that : Volunteering: Hospitals and retirement communities are always in need of volunteers, as are many publicly funded institutions such as libraries and museums. Many communities even have Volunteering Centers that help guide you opportunities that you might not find on your own. Cross! Freelancing: If you have a computer and Internet access, there are tons of freelancing websites that you can take advantage of watermarks, like www.elance.com and www.freelancer.com. Do some writing, graphic design, data entry, or anything that you have the cross cultural essay tiniest amount of knowledge with to give you something to services put on a resume. Learn New Skills: Employers want to pay you for work that you do. That means you need to have something to offer them.
If you don’t have a university degree or any type of secondary education or experience showing your knowledge base, you can bulk up your skill set with some of the essay free online course that are available. Besides the three suggestions above, anything that you can do to help give you some type of marketable skills will go a long way into antique paper helping you find a job. Don’t be too proud to take on cross marriage essay, a job that you feel is beneath you. Even putting in essay writing space 6 months at a position you don’t like can help give you that little extra something that separates your resume from other former stay at cross marriage, home moms or dads with zero experience. what if being a stay at home mom causes gaps and you don’t have any work experience during? or you may have a few months here and there? essentially showing 1yr at this place then another. gap of 2yrs, and starts over again. If you are want to characteristics of good thesis writing cover up work gaps on your resume, then you may want to consider using functional resume format: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Good luck on the job hunt! thank you! i’ll try it! I am a mom that spent 17 years at home, I home-schooled my kids due to their specific educational needs.
During that time I often played administration secretary for my husbands companies and also actively farmed along side him, never had an official title and definitely didn’t get payed. A year ago I started studying BSc Nursing and The only cultural marriage, thing I have going for me on writing travel, that is that I made the Vice-chancelors list and a course average of 89.36%. I need to write a Resume but the black job description is screaming at me. As well as the professional summary. All of these examples have current work history, What if I have history but am not currently employed? Would it be better to just list stay at home mom under my history? We suggest using a functional format: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Essay! This format allows you to essay highlight your relevant skills over your work history.
Good luck on the job hunt! So what if I dropped out of high school because I got pregnant? I know big mistake, but im trying to marriage essay get back on track im currently going to PCC trying to get my GED and assignment writing, I have been a stay at home mom for a couple years I worked at a pillow company for a few months but due to childcare issues I had to cultural marriage go back home , I was in need of a job so I made my home a daycare I watched kids of all ages for a little over tax dissertation 2 years but then I decided I didint want to do this the rest of cultural essay, my life, I loved what I did but I wanted something that really suits me. So now I’m really trying to finish school and find a job, all three of my children will start attening full time schooling, and I feel the need of antique paper, helping my husband provide money for our home and our children, but I have no experience, what should I do? First off, don’t sell yourself short by saying you have no experience. As a mother of three, you most certainly have a wealth of intangible skills that can be applied to most jobs. Also, the time running your own home daycare can also be considered professional experience. As for your resume, it’s all about how you sell yourself. The first article will show you how you can make your resume achievement-oriented. The second article will teach you a resume format that will help cover up your work gaps. Best of luck on the job hunt!
It sounds like employers are missing out on a great employee. You may have better luck if you use a functional format, which will help cover up your employment gaps. Check out our guide here: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hi! I have been a stay at home mom since 2004. Cross Marriage Essay! I graduated in 2003 with a BA in Accounting. I am bilingual (Spanish/English).
When my daughters went to school I volunteered in their classrooms. Also, I belong to the school’s council. Characteristics Of Good! For the last six months, my daughters and I have been rehearsing for cross a play written by the owner of a nonprofit theater company. I would like to know how to writing build a resume from that lack of work experience. Thanks in advance!
Good luck on the job hunt! Hello! So I have been a stay at home mom for 21 years…..on top of that all my schooling and prior work experience happened in cross cultural essay Germany. I volunteered at my children’s school and was the treasurer for the parent club for 6 years – mind you that “job” went from characteristics writing, taking over a handwritten note that told me that the club works with a $250 budget to cultural getting everything set up for a non-profit QuickBook account after we made over $80,000.00 in a wine auction and so on….It still seems impossible to assignment services write a resume that does not just point out, that I haven’t worked in 21 years….How do I sell myself? Thank you in advance for trying. Helping to increase the parent club budget from $250 to cross cultural marriage essay $80,000 is certainly an achievement that employers would be interested to writing see on your resume. Marriage Essay! It sounds like your experience as a volunteer treasurer has provided you with plenty of selling points to include on Embassy, Canberra, your resume. Since you are worried about your work gap, we suggest trying a functional resume format: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide#what-is-a-functional-resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi. Cultural Marriage! I’ve been a stay at home mum to 5 children for essay space travel the past 16 years, and full time carer to cultural my 7 year old with cerebral palsy.
We have been living on one income (my husbands), but due to unforeseen circumstances we are struggling financially. I would like to assignment writing services get a job in retail or similar, packing shelves or cleaning, anything is fine, as long as it’s in cultural the evenings when hubby can be at home watching the children. My job before having kids, was as a carer, and in emotional abuse my late teens I worked as a checkout operator at Woolworths. How should I set up my resume to get into cultural essay a casual retail type position? Thanks in Embassy, Canberra - Australia advance, Take a look at marriage essay, our retail resume samples:https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples#Customer They should give you a good idea of essay space travel, how you can format your own resume. Best of luck!
Not sure which functional formats you saw, but those that we offer on this page do not include the cultural marriage essay dates of your work history. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. As long as you have the bullet points to back up your claim, then that will work. Good luck! It depends what job you are applying for. If you’re looking to Tent Embassy, Canberra - Australia get back into essay healthcare, then we suggest using a functional format: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Does the job you are applying for characteristics thesis writing have educational requirements? Even if the essay job description does not expressly list educational requirements, most employers want to paper know that you have at least graduated high school. You’ll have to cross cultural marriage get creative with the references you choose. Friends, neighbors, people from church are all in play.
Anyone who can speak to the quality of your character is a good choice. Good Luck on the Job Hunt! Yes, online courses help, but you should also consider doing some volunteer work as well. I’d first advise you to emphasize your cashier experience. Employers often value such experience over other parts of your resume, so be sure to highlight it. You can also try using a functional resume format to downplay your work history. Characteristics! Check out cross cultural marriage our page on how to make that happen — https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. You can include “stay-at-home parent” in your experience section too, but see if you can quantify that a bit. Help! Did you handle the family finances during that time? What about volunteer work? If you have any relevant experiences from cultural marriage, your time in high school, you could list those too (projects you were involved with, leadership roles, etc.).
Also, emphasize your skills section and of good writing, consider learning new skills that will make you a stronger candidate (https://resumegenius.com/job-search/learn-new-skills). There are a variety of ways to improve your chances of landing work, and honing your resume (while learning some new useful abilities) is one effective approach. Good luck on the job hunt! Share How to Write a Stay at Home Mom Resume Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in cross cultural essay today’s competitive job market. Characteristics Of Good Thesis Writing! We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF.
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14 Sample Applications and Code Examples. This chapter describes code examples and sample applications that offer several approaches to cross cultural marriage, learning about and working with WebLogic Server 12.1.3. These examples and sample applications are available through performing a custom installation and selecting to install the Server Examples. This chapter includes the following sections: This section provides an overview of essay emotional, installing and using the marriage essay, WebLogic Server code examples. This section contains the following topics: Installing the Tent - Australia, WebLogic Server Code Examples. When performing an installation of WebLogic Server, select the cross cultural essay, Complete Installation type to obtain the WebLogic Server and Coherence examples. For more information about installing WebLogic Server, see Installing and Configuring Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence . If you do not automatically launch the Quickstart Configuration Wizard from the installation program, but instead choose to configure the code examples and sample domains later, you can run the QuickStart Configuration Wizard manually. For more information, see Running the QuickStart Configuration Wizard in Creating WebLogic Domains Using the Configuration Wizard . Starting the WebLogic Server Samples Domain.
Start the examples server using one of the following procedures. In these procedures, DOMAIN_HOME represents the location where the samples domain is Tent - Australia, configured on your machine; for example, C: ORACLE_HOME user_projectsdomains. On Windows : Use a command shell and navigate to the DOMAIN_HOME wl_server directory. Enter the following command: On UNIX Bourne Shell : Navigate to the DOMAIN_HOME /wl_server directory. Enter the following command: By default, the examples server uses port 7001 to listen for incoming connections. The MedRec server also uses the same listen port by cross cultural marriage essay, default, which means that you cannot run both domains at the same time without changing one of the listen ports. If you want to of good thesis, run both domains at the same time, use the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console to change the listen port of the examples server to cultural marriage, something other than 7001, and then restart it. You can then run the MedRec server using its default listen port at the same that you run the examples server. Running the WebLogic Server Code Examples. Tax Dissertation Help! Review the instructions provided with the code examples for cultural marriage essay information about essay emotional building, deploying and running the code examples. When you start the WebLogic Server samples domain, a browser is automatically launched that displays a Web page from which you can browse the samples and obtain instructions for building, deploying, and running them.
The following conventions are used throughout the instructions for the WebLogic Server code examples: The instructions generally are for Windows command shells. If you are using a UNIX or Linux-based shell, substitute / for cross cultural marriage essay in path names. ORACLE_HOME represents the directory you specified as the Oracle Home when you installed WebLogic Server; for assignment example, C:OracleMiddlewareOracle_Home . Cultural Essay! WL_HOME represents the top-level installation directory for Oracle WebLogic Server. Help! The default path is ORACLE_HOME /wlserver . (However, you are not required to install WebLogic Server in the Oracle Home directory.) EXAMPLES_HOME represents the directory in which the WebLogic Server code examples are configured. The default path is ORACLE_HOME user_projectsapplications . DOMAIN_HOME represents the directory in which the WebLogic Server sample domains are configured. The default path is ORACLE_HOME user_projectsdomains . Cultural Essay! Source files for watermarks paper the code examples are separated from the domain configuration files, just as they should be in cross marriage a real-world scenario. They are installed in the EXAMPLES_HOME directory. Of Good! The DOMAIN_HOME wl_server directory contains the WebLogic Server examples domain; it contains your applications and essay, the XML configuration files that define how your applications and Oracle WebLogic Server will behave, as well as startup and environment scripts. The EXAMPLES_HOME wl_serverexamplesbuild directory contains client and server classes required by the examples and Derby database.
The WL_HOME commonderby directory contains Derby, a demonstration database that the examples are configured to use. It also contains scripts that start and stop the database. For more information about Derby, see http://db.apache.org/derby . These code examples demonstrate new features for JAX-RS 2.0, JPA 2.1, and WebSocket 1.0. The examples are grouped in characteristics of good writing the following categories: JAX-RS 2.0: Uses and introduces asynchronous processing, filter and interceptor, and Server-Sent Events (SSE) Jersey support. JPA 2.1: Uses the Criteria Update and Criteria Delete API and the Stored Procedures API. WebSocket: Demonstrates processing JSON-format data, using CDI and EJBs in WebSocket endpoints, enabling a server to echo text sent by cultural marriage, a client, and enabling fallback to HTTP long polling as an assignment services, alternative for WebSocket messaging. Oracle WebLogic Server fully supports the Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) 6 specification. The Java EE 6 examples demonstrate how to cultural marriage, implement Java EE 6 APIs and Oracle WebLogic Server-specific features. The examples are grouped in the following categories: Bean Validation: Use bean validation with JPA entities, JPA from Java SE, and antique, JSF managed beans.
Context and cultural, Dependency Injection (CDI): Introduces CDI with type-safe dependency injection, interceptors, and abuse, producers. Data Source: Use the @DataSourceDefinition annotation. EJB 3.1: Use asynchronous methods, a calendar-based timer, simplified programming model and packaging in a WAR file, portable global JNDI names, and cross essay, singleton session beans. Writing! Java API for RESTful Web Services (JAX-RS) 1.1: Build RESTful Web services with JAX-RS. Java EE Connector Architecture 1.6: Use the cross marriage essay, Java EE Connector Architecture to connect two applications together using a stock trading application.
JPA 2.0: Use the JPA Criteria Query API and the @ElementCollection mapping type. JSF 2.0: Incorporate Ajax in tax dissertation help Web applications, create bookmarkable Web applications, and use Facelets and templating. Servlet 3.0: Use annotations for servlets, filters, and listeners, handle file uploads with multipart files, and use asynchronous servlet and cultural essay, request handling, programmatic security, and servlet Web fragments. These examples demonstrate how to characteristics thesis, implement additional Java EE APIs and Oracle WebLogic Server-specific features. The examples are grouped in the following categories: Database Connectivity: Use DataSources, MultiDataSources, and cross essay, Rowsets. EJB: Create stateless, stateful, entity, and message-driven EJBs, and essay writing, more. Cultural Marriage Essay! Internationalization: Internationalize an application using simple message catalogs. Paper! Messaging: Use JMS topics, queues, and message-driven beans. Resource Adapter: Use an entity EJB to interact with a Java EE Connector Architecture resource adapter.
Security: Use the Java Authentication and Authorization Service, SAML, and outbound and two-way SSL. Cross! Transactions: Use JTA to perform distributed transactions using the two phase commit protocol across two XA resources. Web Application: Create simple servlets and watermarks paper, JSPs, use the HTTP Publish-Subscribe server, and more. Web Services: Create a variety of Web Services using JWS annotations. XML: Use the STAX API and cross, XMLBeans. Cluster: Cluster an EJB and use HTTP session state replication. Coherence: Use the Coherence container to host Coherence applications. WebLogic Scripting Tool: Use the WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) to configure and antique paper, manage a running WebLogic Administration Server. Split Development: Use the WebLogic split development directory structure to build, package, and cross marriage, deploy Enterprise Applications.
Service Component Architecture: Use WebLogic SCA, a lightweight Spring 2.5 (or higher) container, in a shopping cart application that demonstrates many of its key features. Spring: Use Spring-simplified configuration in a Spring-based Web application. Assignment Writing Services India! Avitek Medical Records (or MedRec) is a comprehensive educational sample application that demonstrates WebLogic Server and Java EE features, as well as best practices. Marriage Essay! Avitek Medical Records is optionally installed with the WebLogic Server installation. You can start MedRec from the ORACLE_HOME /user_projects/domains/medrec directory, where ORACLE_HOME is the directory you specified as the Oracle Home when you installed Oracle WebLogic Server.
The sample application, MedRec (Spring) demonstrates Spring 3.0.x application development practices.
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Archives pour la categorie Case Study Houses. MC COY Esther Case Study Program 1945-1962 Henessey Ingalls 1977 Los Angeles SMITH Elisabeth A.T. Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses MIT Press 1998 STEELE James, JENKINS David, KOENIG Pierre Pierre Koenig Phaidon Press 1998 MC COY Esther, BLAKE Peter Craig Ellwood Architecture Hennessey Ingalls 1997 ALBRECHT D. The Work of Charles Ray Eames COLOMINA Beatrice The Work of marriage Charles and Ray Eames, A Legacy of invention 1997 STEELE James Eames House, Charles and Ray Eames Architecture in Detail Phaidon 1995 HINES Thomas S. Richard Neutra and Search for Modern Architecture University California Press 1994 MC LAMPRECHT Barbara Richard Neutra Complete Works Taashen 2000 SACK M. Richard Neutra Gustavo Gili 1994 Barcelone. List of articles: Baboulet, Luc; Le Case Study Program et la tradition americaine ; AMC (France); n°98; 05/1999; ; On the Mies Edge ; Domus (); n°614; 02/1986; Goldstein B.; The Entenza Years ; Art and Tent Embassy, - Australia Architecture (Etats-Unis); n°; 1990; ; ; Architecture d’Aujourd’hui (France); n°; 02-03/1966; Case Study House n°16′, by C. Ellwood. Craig Ellwood was still a very young architect when he was selected to design a Entenza Case Study House. Marriage? This is the first in assignment services india, the series of three villas he designed for the Case Study House Program. It offers a house here where he developed while working on multiple outdoor spaces qualities that come to marriage, extend and paper enrich the home of various and unexpected ways…. For his house just Elllwood used metal columns that had appeared on the market. Indeed, due to the decline of the railway, many found themselves unused rails produced.
They were recast which raised metal companies to cultural essay, develop new product lines … The use of square columns instead of columns H can save a lot of money, they are lighter and can simplify a number of details such as those bindings woodwork. The beams used are I to 6 inches and antique paper 36 feet long. Translucent panels 10 feet in height are treated as extended walls of the house. Cross Cultural Essay? The interior walls of the house are also treated as screens. They are of the same material as the thesis writing, exterior walls to express continuity between interior and exterior spaces spaces.
These panels are by exposing the cross cultural, structure which is painted black. They are off the ground, and are separated from the essay emotional, ceiling by a transom window. The villa consists of essay a grid of 8 feet. The house is divided into two areas occupied by Tent Embassy, - Australia the circulations, one inner and cross cultural essay one outer longitudinally extending in the direction of the project. The boundary with the street is Canberra, freely drawn by a solid line turn opaque or translucent tower. This watershed limits any tower covered and not confined areas (like the porch); other spaces, enclosed and discovered (as the cross cultural essay, court of essay writing children); or some interior spaces and cultural marriage essay with others outside.
This boundary separates Similarly, the prices of the rooms from the assignment writing services india, street by a series of panels of translucent glass … The indoor and outdoor spaces are organized around the cross marriage essay, two perpendicular axes carry the project. The partition between social spaces and individual spaces is tax dissertation, along a North-South axis passing at the entrance. It amazing how close the villa whose area is in a simple rectangle, which is built with a completely systematic metal structure does not prevent to achieve a wide variety of spaces and uses. Each space is cross cultural marriage essay, fully qualified. This remark is particularly sensitive to antique paper, the game of cross essay indoor and antique watermarks outdoor spaces. This is cross essay, illustrated for example in Tent Embassy, Canberra - Australia, the input sequence: the cross marriage essay, porch is tax dissertation help, divided into two parts, creating a covered walkway for cross cultural marriage essay, pedestrian access. Basically, the villa allows a double entry: service entrance that allows access to the court and the kitchen but also main entrance angles. The patio at the entrance allows movement of the essay space, light at cross cultural marriage the output while creating a view. Each room is tax dissertation help, extended by cross essay outdoor spaces in direct continuity with the interior space. Writing Space Travel? The master bedroom has a double orientation opening on two distinct areas, each with a different status: an enclosed space and privacy to the east; a terrace that opens fully to the outside overlooking the far south … Similarly, the living areas have a triple orientation with three types of large spaces.
Open to cross cultural marriage, the outside distant and providing a wide view to the south: the view terrace as baptized Craig Ellwood. Open to antique watermarks, foreign direct space and close to the garden: the living-terrace is protected under large pergolas. It comes in direct extension of the dining room. Much more protected, the child-play may have lived both as a space service and much more closed and intimate space. Cultural Marriage? The position and Embassy, Canberra - Australia status of the service areas is cross marriage, much less clear. Ellwood seems to make the difference in essay emotional, service areas such as bathrooms that are treated as opaque and irremovable cores while the space kitchens are treated as completely at Koenig transferable manner … These spaces are scattered and fragmented in the plan of a house. The diagram shows the cross cultural marriage essay, spatial sequence extending along one of the two structural axes of the project … From west to east, succeeding are: the living terrace / child court / the entrance patio / porch for cars. Case Study House n°9, by C. Emotional Abuse? Eames et E. Cross? Saarinen. This house was designed in collaboration with Charles Eames and Eero Saarinen. This villa was built on services india the same site and with the same construction system that the villa # 8. Cross? It is nevertheless the antithesis and develops a radically different reflection.
This villa was built for J. Entenza himself. She adapted to its requirements. Entenza wanted to focus on writing services india the reception areas. The house structure is based on a metallic structure, with columns of H to 4 inches (10 cm) to 7.5 feet tall. The aim was to enclose the maximum possible space in marriage essay, shape and structure as simple as possible. This villa has been designed to be built to industrial methods but it was not really thinking as a prototype. The living room was designed according to the principle of elastic space. Architects have developed the idea that space can expand or contract depending on the life of its occupant and the number of essay emotional abuse guests. Cross Cultural Essay? The engineer Edgardo Contini project expresses the general advantage of the help, villa: “ The intention of the Entenza House is to cross marriage, eliminate structure to be anti-structural, to be anonymous as possible. Tent Embassy, - Australia? In the Entenza house no beams are expressed, no columns visible.” “ The total concept was architectural : it was resolved in terms of cross cultural essay architecture, in contrast to the Eames house, which was structurally assertive.”
This villa is in addition and in contrast to the Case Study House No. 8 also called Eames House, located just next door. They both use the same structural system. This system is antique paper, based on the metal profiles of high lightness. Yet in each case the architects make a radically different use. It is interesting how two radically different about can be developed on the same site with two identical structural systems and a similar programming.
In the cross cultural essay, Eames House structure is Embassy, - Australia, completely highlighted. It is structuring, not only cross cultural marriage, literally but figuratively: it articulates, rhythm and cadence of the tax dissertation help, project. It is everywhere the first expression. – In the Entenza House , the essay, search is at an entirely different level. The structural system is used in a much more minimal and characteristics of good thesis paradoxically much more efficient than in the Eames House. Cross Cultural Marriage Essay? Moreover, the structure is not used here to articulate and thesis rhythm space. Rather, the cross essay, goal seems rather in Entenza House to break free completely to access full spatial and programmatic flexibility. Emotional Abuse? The Entenza programmatic requirements for the house allows us to better understand the basics of thinking developed by marriage essay Eames and Saarinen. It is in the treatment of the thesis writing, relationship of the common areas and cultural individual, intimate and shared the of good, villa shows all its richness. The house is in a square of 54 feet (about 16.50 meters) square it occupies almost entirely.
The program is distributed as follows: the North-East quarter is occupied by cross cultural marriage individual rooms and essay private (rooms, bathroom); the northwest quarter, for service parts (laundry, garage, cellar …) Finally, the cross cultural essay, southern half of the tax dissertation, common areas (living room, dining room, kitchen …) – Each part is separated by full or partial opacities games but also translucency. They have with each other but also with the outside space of the subtle relationships. Thus, the cross cultural essay, input is separated by a simple translucent filter garage which is lit from emotional abuse overhead way. Cultural Marriage Essay? The light is of good, thus transmitted and scattered by cross the filter in the manner of lateral entry. The kitchen is separated by essay a wall furniture fair amount has so obscure the view. This makes it possible to maintain a unit of space while introducing discontinuities. The separation between the master bedroom and dressing room is treated in the same way … The connection between the room is cross, treated with a sliding panel will allow to Tent Embassy, - Australia, separate or unite spaces in the main bedroom and cross cultural marriage living room. Help? Another type of discontinuity is introduced by the fireplace, treated fairly minimal, floating and movable. A final type of discontinuity is introduced by treating the cross cultural marriage essay, soil levels of assignment writing services india differences in the villa. This difference between the northern half and south of the house is cross cultural, equivalent to about 90 cm. Antique Watermarks? It allows the creation of large footboards in the middle of the stay.
These steps by creating casual seating allows the cross cultural marriage essay, opportunity to emotional abuse, strengthen the space of the cross marriage essay, living room around the abuse, fireplace. On the cross cultural, other side, between the bedroom and the living room, the height difference allows the services india, creation of a sofa next stay with the cultural marriage, top of the file arrives at help the chamber floor. Essay? These dispositions allow to obtain spaces of essay writing great functional flexibility. They have a high spatial malleability and high versatility while remaining perfectly qualified. Marriage? A number of scenarios illustrating this elasticity are studied in a series of diagram (see next page): Scenario 1 : We start here with the basic element around which is essay abuse, built the common area in the villa Entenza. Cultural? This is the essay abuse, part of the living room occupying the south-eastern part of the villa. This element is limited by the fireplace and cultural marriage the sofa that closes the space of very intimate way. On the Canberra, other side, the kitchen that can be associated indifferently to 3 different types of essay areas: living room with part of which is bounded on the east by emmarchement transforming this part of living a formal dining room ; or with the internal extension of the Embassy, Canberra - Australia, kitchen open to the living room: creating an cross marriage essay, informal dining room. Finally, it may be associated with the outdoor terrace in the kitchen extension. Thus creating a place for outdoor dining. Essay? Scenario 2 : In this scenario, the basic unit is associated with the cultural marriage essay, chamber and thesis writing part of the terrace creating a very intimate spatial sequence type: bedroom + living room + terrace, privatizing some way the living room and terrace.
This scenario shown in photos 3 and cultural essay 4. We clearly see the tax dissertation help, alcove effect in marriage, which the chamber is taken. Scenario 3 : Here, the master doubled the portion of the space on paper the other side of the fireplace. The home is no longer a limiting factor but a central stay home … And this part is in complete continuity with the cross cultural essay, outdoor terrace, which still has larger space. Scenario 4 : This scenario explores the possibility or common areas are assembled and dilated to the extreme. Here they form a very large reception area. This space is both fragmented and united. It includes an input sequence and various conducive to discussion forums. “It is a period to which many of essay abuse us have been anxiously looking forward for long years ”. These words written by Neutra early in the program shows how the Case Study Program was an marriage, expected event. Indeed, Neutra wore a constant interest in innovation in the field of help design and construction of individual houses. During these long years, Neutra thought to cultural marriage essay, bring out of the home craft to tax dissertation, industrialization.
The two-bedroom house is a problem that has already solved many times. Plans in 1948 are in line with all the reflection that he developed during his career. Assembling a prefabricated core services and containing wet and cultural marriage essay heating installations was a limiting factor of the plan. Space Travel? This core was placed so as not to prevent future extensions of the villa. In a second step, an essay, extension was added to the south in 1958. The house has an L-shaped plan with the dining room and antique watermarks paper living room facing south open on a social patio bordered by cross cultural essay giant Eucalyptus. Help? Both bedrooms have their own open to the west garden. The composition of the house based on essay a frame alternating category successively 10 feet and 4 feet.
The combination of of good these two measurements: a structural dimension and the dimensions of prefabricated wet core which houses all services (kitchen and cultural essay bathroom) for the 10 feet. The dimensions of 4 feet of the frame are treated rather as margins in essay emotional abuse, the project. All circulations are collected. It allows to arrange a set of continuities and cultural transparency through the india, project. It also allows the cultural essay, posting of items.. Elle autorise egalement le detachement des elements. Tax Dissertation? The structural system is cross cultural marriage, not emphasized in writing services, the project. The structure has no presence or strong or rhythm in the project. Opacities treated on module 4 feet are worked in a completely fragmented.. Cross Essay? They support many advanced and essay abuse Returns indoor and outdoor play areas.
These effects the villa allows multiple orientations allowing each space to benefit from its own private outdoor space. The roof is covered in this same principle. It is widely comes in cross, front of the facade is thus withdrawn leaving the watermarks paper, elements exceed in height as chimneys .. Cross Essay? All these treatments contribute to the effect of antique paper dissolution of the house into the surrounding nature, with which she seems to merge. This diagram shows the cultural essay, north side of the house, it helps to understand the essay abuse, relationship maintained by the spaces of the house with the environment. It illustrates a typical indoor-outdoor device with Neutra Both interiors are visible both chambers. Cross Cultural Marriage? Same size, the relationship of their interior spaces with the exterior space is treated with the same repeating pattern that creates an effect of antique watermarks paper outside in space. Case Study House Program: synoptic.
Elements de Sapin / Platre. Panneaux ondules en ciment. Elements de Sapin / Platre. Platre, Lattes de bois. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Elements de Sapin / Platre. Brique Panneaux de contre-plaque.
Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Elements de Sequoia / Platre. Panneaux Acier / Platre. Platre et Panneaux de Verre Ondule. Briques, Elements de Sapin. Panneau en bois. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneau de Sequoia.
Panneaux de Pin. Panneaux de Pin. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Beton Poli. The Case Study Houses program: presentation #038; history. The Study Houses program was launched in January 1945. So he started in the very particular and very conducive context of the United States in the immediate post -war period. A man , John Entenza was able to see that it was a key moment . He was able to take the lead in maximizing its benefits . This context and the personality of the cross cultural marriage essay, latter are the elements that made ??the success of the program. This post-war period is a period of scarcity where all types of building materials are missing. Paradoxically , it also corresponds to a period where the construction industry works very intense.
This intensity is characteristics writing, explained by the long period of cultural essay inactivity that preceded it . On the one hand due to the economic crisis of 1929, the building activity is very slow throughout the thirties. On the of good, other hand , the marriage essay, war of 39-45 marks a complete and total output any breakpoint. Characteristics Thesis Writing? All economic activity is marriage, oriented to the war effort moment. There was then very little opportunitees construction except for purely utilitarian building structures … During all these years, and emotional especially during the cultural essay, war , there has been a great technological development and many progress. These new technologies will finally be tested and applied to the building , so for example : – New plastics make possible the construction of homes using panels and translucent screens . – The invention and use of arc welding allows for welding of such quality that they can finally be exposed indoors . – Improvement of synthetic resins, which make them more resistant than natural resins, serves to characteristics of good thesis writing, seal and develop jointings adapted to new light building panels . – The emergence of new adhesives coming from the marriage essay, aviation industry allows the development of a wide variety of new composite materials . Finally, the essay abuse, construction period was not slowed mean a total shutdown of architectural production . On the contrary, the period between the wars saw a multitude of flower theoretical projects . All its potientalites will finally be able to know a realization . They will crystallize in the experiments of the Case Study House Program. John Entenza is the man who has by his editorial work and critical to all these reflections to emerge . It opened a whole experimental area . Entenza began the publication of the Arts and Architecture magazine in cross marriage essay, 1938. Watermarks? Context Californian has certainly always been in favor of Modern Architecture . But it is necessary at marriage the time to communicate through a media suppport to the general public. It is essay, thus promote an understanding of new approaches to construction of cross cultural marriage individual houses emerged during the postwar period . Writing Services India? The magazine has become the indisputable leader to win public acceptance of a good design and work on architectural quality . Entenza is who was the initiator. Essentially teacher, he is convinced that all living with architecture , work on cross the quality of the Canberra, built environment affects us all. It keeps a democratic faith in the ability of the public to marriage essay, understand qualitative work on tax dissertation help our built environment when making an marriage essay, effort to help, submit it . In 1944, he has a good idea of the course will take the cross cultural essay, modern architecture after the war. The weather is favorable for experimentation.
Potential customers have never been so many … Indeed, the travel, low housing production during the years of cross cultural marriage essay depression has led to a shortage of housing that is deeply felt at help the end of the essay, war. In addition, there is india, a real work to be done because some potential customers are already thinking about the time in terms of house key in hand . Moreover, the term Architecture seems a big word for essay, families who want , in Embassy,, an emergency, fit comfortably and cultural essay economically . While the West Coast has always been a great place for essay, experimentation and innovation in contemporary architecture ; Entenza sees the cultural, risk that the architectural quality of the houses built regresses due to the strong post-war production. Help? It is indeed to be feared and that the cross marriage, quality is up to the quantity … It certainly there has customers who can wait patiently for services india, the architect completes the plans , which are in a demanding approach to architectural quality . It is cross essay, also at this time that sponsorship organizations can fund experimental work. But Entenza to essay abuse, realize that despite all many existing innovative ideas on marriage the drawing board or in the minds of emotional designers may not be able to materialize and be permanently lost. In 1945, Entenza abandons its liabilities editor role to play a dynamic role in the architecture of the postwar period. He committed eight agencies including the magazine Arts and Architecture becomes the client. Each of these agencies is cultural, responsible for the design of writing travel a house. Cross Cultural Marriage? Thus begins the program will continue after the departure of Entenza magazine in 1962. Help? The Case Study House Program ends in cross essay, 1967 to stop the publication of Art and assignment Architecture . The success and marriage essay longevity of the program is due to essay abuse, its simplicity. The only cultural essay, stated goal is the development of an environment of well-being without any ideological bias. Architects are encouraged to experiment with new forms and new materials.
But the materials should not be used or only assignment services, selected according to cross cultural essay, their objective qualities . There is no question of using a material only because it is new . The approach includes a landscape design close to home as well as designing furniture by renowned designers environment. During the first three years of the program , six houses are fully completed , furnished and landscaped and open to the public . Approximately 500,000 people visit the first dozen houses . The critical success houses promotes more than any public acceptance of an experimental design . Financing institutions to become progressively more open and cooperating . Essay Writing? Banks are gradually fund contemporary homes . It should be noted that up to cross, this time they refused fairly systematically fund houses with glass walls, open without dining room , kitchen facing the street, a flat roof and concrete slab floor plans; convinced that it was a risky investment without resale value … However, all the emotional, houses of Case Study House Program were excellent investments and they prove their resale prices … In the 50s , after 13 houses either completed the program continues at cross marriage the rate of one house per characteristics thesis writing year. Selected architects are usually young and little known outside of Southern California . Koenig and essay Ellwood authors of five projects in two of them have both barely thirty when they are asked to design a Case Study House . Many architects of the end of the program were inspired by the first publications of the magazine. Koenig and decided to study architecture after the interest inspired him reading the newspaper . By throwing a look at space the achievements of the program over the last eleven years Entenza takes stock of the cross cultural marriage, Case Study Houses program : “ We like to think that these houses have been responsible for some remarkably lucid thinking in terms of domestic architecture. While it is true that not all have been every man’s dream cottage, they have, nevertheless had a demonstrably wide influence in the sound use of new materials and in re-use of the old, and watermarks paper had attempted, with considerable success, to suggest contemporary living patterns. The analysis of these documents allow us to identify three distinct periods in cultural marriage essay, the program of the Case Study Houses : 1945-1950 , the program proved its worth. In those first years , priority is given to paper, the economics of the marriage, projects . In these early years of the program of of good writing Case Studies, 13 houses were built and cross cultural marriage essay 7 projects presented.
The period begins in 1945 with the announcement of the characteristics writing, program and ends with the completion of the house of Eames and Saarinen for Entenza . All the cross cultural essay, architects of characteristics of good this period are already confirmed and cross cultural essay recognized professionals. They each have a personal style already widely proven … Any houses built during this period, that of Eames and Saarinen was the first to play with the layout and structure. It is also the first in the program to assignment writing, focus on cultural marriage essay the use of tax dissertation help industrial materials and techniques in the field of cross cultural marriage essay architecture. Characteristics Thesis Writing? Homes # 8 and # 9 are halfway house between the cross marriage, more traditional villas of the first period and purely experimental houses the following years . 1950-60 The experimental period. In a second time, during the decade of 50, the focus is on innovative dimension villas, the true economic dimension from the background without , however, be lost sight of.
This period extends from the summer of 1950 when Soriano started working on his house in the summer of 1960 , with the completion of the assignment services india, second house Koenig. Most homes built during this period are experimental metal frame houses , the cross cultural marriage essay, others being experiments on elements against plywood precast factory. For a century and Tent Canberra - Australia a half the industry has been used for building materials but the house construction has resisted industrialization. Architects believe at cross essay the time that we must change that. Essay Writing? Steel promises to bring domestic architecture to industrialization after the end of World War II . But the fundamental difference between houses wood frame and cross marriage steel frame houses is that in the case of a steel frame all the Embassy,, details should be set at design unlike the wooden frame where you can leave a number of details to cross cultural essay, the discretion of the manufacturer … The priority of this period is the development of projects that can serve as prototypes for manufactured homes . Finally, one last time , the program has a broader focus. The Case Studies developed during this period no longer interested only in experiments on one house.
Reflections extend over a larger scale. Tent? You work on groups of cultural houses and their integration to the environment and the city. Les Villas experimentales du Case Study House Program. Le Case Study Houses Program est lance en 1945, par un jeune editeur californien John Entenza par l’intermediaire de son journal Arts Architecture . Dans le cadre du programme, le magazine fait appel a differents architectes pour etudier un projet de maison individuelle. Les projets est construits, puis meubles. Essay? Il est ensuite porte a la connaissance de tous: d’abord publies dans les pages de Arts and Architecture , les villas sont ensuite ouvertes au grand public pendant une certaine periode et finalement vendues. Cette initiative a plusieurs objectifs designes par Entenza. Cross Marriage Essay? Il s’agit tout d’abord de promouvoir aupres du grand public une nouvelle maniere de concevoir l’architecture domestique. Help? Il cherche egalement a provoquer cez le public une nouvelle exigence de qualite architecturale pour leurs propres maisons. Le programme des Case Study Houses: presentation #038; historique. Le programme des Study Houses a ete lance en Janvier 1945.
Il a donc debute dans le contexte tres particulier et tres propice des Etats-Unis de l’immediat apres-guerre. Cultural Essay? Un homme, John Entenza a su voir qu’il s’agissait d’un moment clef. Assignment Writing India? Il a su prendre les devants pour en tirer les avantages. Ce contexte ainsi que la personnalite de ce dernier sont les elements qui ont fait le succes du programme. Cette periode d’apres-guerre est une periode de penurie ou tout les types de materiaux de construction sont manquants. Paradoxalement, elle correspond egalement a une periode ou l’industrie de la construction fonctionne de maniere tres intense. Cette intensite s’explique par la longue periode d’inactivite qui l’a precede. D’une part suite a la crise economique de 1929, l’activite constructive est fort ralentie pendant toutes les annees trente. D’autre part, la guerre de 39-45 marque un point d’arret complet et total a toute production . Toute l’activite economique est a ce moment orientee vers “ l’effort de guerre ”. Il y a alors tres peu d’opportunitees de construction excepte pour construire des structures purement utilitaires…
Pendant toutes ces annees et notamment pendant la guerre, on essay assiste a un tres grand developpement technologique et a de nombreux progres. Ces nouvelles technologies vont enfin pouvoir etre experimentees et appliquees au batiment, ainsi par exemple : – Les nouveaux plastiques rendent possible la construction de maisons utilisant des panneaux et des ecrans translucides. – L’invention et l’utilisation de la soudure a l’arc permet d’obtenir des soudures d’une qualite telle qu’elles peuvent etre enfin exposees a l’interieur des maisons. – L’amelioration des resines synthetiques, qui les rendent plus resistantes que les resines naturelles, permet d’etancher et de developper des jointements adaptes au nouveaux panneaux de construction legers. – L’apparition de nouvelles colles provenants l’industrie aeronautique permet le developpement d’une tres grande variete de nouveaux materiaux composites. Enfin, cette periode de construction ralentie n’a pas ete synonyme d’un arret total de la production architecturale. Bien au contraire, la periode d’entre-deux guerre a vu fleurir une multitude de projets theoriques.
L’ensemble de ses potientalites vont enfin pouvoir connaitre une concretisation. Elles vont se cristalliser dans les experimentations du Case Study House Program. John Entenza est l’homme qui a permis par son travail d’editeur et de critique a toutes ces reflexions de voir le jour. Il a ouvert tout une aire d’experimentation. Entenza debute la publication du magazine «Arts and Architectures» en 1938. Le contexte Californien a certes toujours ete favorable a l’Architecture Moderne. Essay Abuse? Mais il est necessaire a l’epoque de communiquer au travers un suppport mediatique aupres du grand public.
Il s’agit de favoriser ainsi une bonne comprehension des nouvelles demarches de construction de maisons individuelles apparues pendant cette periode d’apres-guerre. Le magazine est devenu l’indiscutable leader permettant de gagner le public a l’acceptation d’une bonne conception et d’un travail sur la qualite architecturale. C’est Entenza qui en a ete l’initiateur. Essentiellement pedagogue, il est convaincu que vivant tous avec l’architecture, un travail sur la qualite de l’environnement construit nous concerne tous. Cultural Essay? Il garde une foi democratique en la possibilite du public de comprendre un travail qualitatif sur notre environnement bati quand il est fait un effort pour le lui presenter. En 1944, il a une bonne idee du cours que va prendre l’architecture moderne apres la guerre. Le temps est favorable a l’experimentation.
Les clients potentiels n’ont jamais ete aussi nombreux… En effet, la faible production de logements pendant les annees de depression a entraine une penurie d’habitations qui se fait durement ressentir au sortir de la guerre. De plus, il y a un veritable travail a effectuer car une partie des clients potentiels pensent deja a l’epoque en terme de maisons clef-en-main. Qui plus est, le terme d’«Architecture» semble un bien grand mot pour des familles qui veulent, dans l’urgence, se loger confortablement et economiquement. Meme si la cote Ouest a toujours ete un grand lieu d’experimentation et d’innovation en matiere d’architecture contemporaine; Entenza entrevoit le risque que la qualite architecturale des maisons construites regresse du fait de la forte production d’apres-guerre. Il est, en effet a craindre que la qualite laisse ainsi place a la quantite… Il y a certes des clients qui peuvent attendre patiemment que l’architecte acheve les plans, et qui sont dans une demarche exigente de la qualite architecturale. Thesis Writing? Il existe egalement a cette epoque des organismes de mecenat qui peuvent financer des travaux experimentaux. Mais, Entenza se rends compte que malgre tout beaucoup d’idees innovantes existants sur les tables a dessin ou dans l’esprit des concepteurs risquent de ne pouvoir se concretiser et d’etre definitivement perdues.
En 1945, Entenza abandonne donc son role passif d’editeur pour jouer un role dynamique dans l’architecture de l’apres-guerre. Il engage huit agences dont le magazine «Arts and Architecture» devient le client. Chacune de ces agences est chargee de la conception d’une maison. C’est ainsi que commence le programme qui se prolongera apres le depart de Entenza du magazine en 1962. Le Case Study House Program s’acheve en 1967 a l’arret de la publication de “ Art and Architecture ”. Le succes et la longevite du programme sont dues a sa simplicite. Le seul but annonce est le developpement d’un environnement de bien-etre sans aucun prejuge ideologique. Les architectes sont encourages a experimenter de nouvelle formes et de nouveaux materiaux. Mais les materiaux ne doivent etre selectionnes ou utilises seulement en fonction de leur qualites objectives. Il n’est pas question d’utiliser un materiaux seulement parce qu’il est nouveau.
La demarche inclut une conception paysagere de l’environnement proche de la maison ainsi que la creation de mobiliers par des concepteurs reconnus. Cross Cultural Marriage Essay? Durant les trois premieres annees du programme, 6 maisons sont totalement achevees, meublees et paysagees puis ouvertes au public. Environ 500 000 personnes visitent la premiere douzaine de maisons. Characteristics Of Good Thesis? Le succes critique des maisons favorise plus que tout l’acceptation du public d’une conception experimentale. Les institutions de financement deviennent au fur et a mesure de plus en plus ouvertes et cooperantes. Les banques commencent peu a peu a financer les maisons contemporaines. Ils faut preciser que jusqu’a cette epoque elles refusaient assez systematiquement de financer des maisons avec des murs en verre, plans ouverts, sans salle a manger, une cuisine faisant face a la rue, une toit plat et des dalles de beton au sol; convaincues qu’il s’agissait d’un investissement hasardeux sans valeur de revente… Or, toutes les maisons du “ Case Study House Program ” furent d’excellents investissements et elles le prouvent par leurs prix a la revente… Dans les annees 50, apres que 13 Maisons soit completees le programme continue au rythme d’une maison par an.
Les architectes selectionnes sont habituellement jeunes et peu connus hors du Sud de la Californie. Essay? Koenig et Ellwood auteurs de cinq projets a eux deux ont tout deux a peine trente ans quand ils sont sollicites pour concevoir une Case Study House. Beaucoup d’architectes de la fin du programme ont ete inspire par les premieres publications du magazine. Canberra - Australia? Ainsi Koenig decida d’etudier l’architecture suite a l’interet que lui inspire la lecture du journal. En jettant un regard sur les realisations du programme au cours des onze dernieres annees Entenza tire un bilan du programme des Case Study Houses: “ We like to think that these houses have been responsible for some remarkably lucid thinking in terms of domestic architecture. Cultural? While it is essay emotional, true that not all have been every man’s dream cottage, they have, nevertheless had a demonstrably wide influence in the sound use of marriage essay new materials and in re-use of the old, and had attempted, with considerable success, to suggest contemporary living patterns. (Nous aimons a penser que ces maisons ont ete responsables de quelques reflexions remarquables dans le domaine de l’architecture domestique. Meme s’il est vrai que toutes ne representaient pas la maison revees de tout homme, elles ont en revanche eu une tres large influence dans l’utilisation de nouveaux materiaux et dans la reutilisation de l’ancien et ont tente avec un succes respectable de suggerer les voies d’un mode vie contemporain.)
L’analyse de ces documents nous permettent de degager trois periodes distinctes dans le programme des Case Study Houses: 1945-50, Le programme fait ses preuves. Dans ces premiere annees, la priorite est donne a la dimension economique des projets. Antique Watermarks? Dans ces premieres annees du programme des Case Studies, 13 maisons furent construites et 7 projets presentes. La periode debute en 1945 avec l’annonce du programme et se termine avec l’achevement de la maison de Eames et Saarinen pour Entenza. Tout les architectes de cette periode sont deja des professionnels confirmes et reconnus.
Ils ont chacun un style personnel deja largement eprouves… De toute les maisons construites au cours de cette periode, celle de Eames et Saarinen est la premiere a jouer avec le plan et la structure. Elle est egalement la premiere dans le programme a se concentrer sur l’utilisation de materiaux et de techniques industrielles dans le domaine de l’architecture. Les maisons #8 et #9 sont des maisons de transition entre les villas plus traditionnelles de la premiere periode et les maisons purement experimentales des annees qui suivent. 1950-60, La periode experimentale. Dans un deuxieme temps, au cours de la decennie 50, l’accent est mis sur la dimension innovatrice des villas, la dimension veritablement economique passant au second plan sans cependant etre perdue de vue. Cette periode s’etend de l’ete 1950, quand Soriano commence a travailler sur sa maison a l’ete 1960, avec l’achevement de la deuxieme maison de Koenig.
La plupart des maisons construites au cours de cette periode sont des maisons experimentales a ossature metalliques, les autres etant des experimentations sur des elements en contre-plaques prefabriques en usine. Depuis un siecle et demi l’industrie a ete utilisee pour les materiaux de construction mais la construction de maison a resiste a la l’industrialisation. Les architectes pensent a l’epoque que l’on doit changer cela. Cultural Marriage? L’acier promet d’amener l’architecture domestique a l’industrialisation apres la fin de la seconde guerre mondiale. Mais la difference fondamentale entre maisons a ossature de bois et les maisons a ossature acier est que dans le cas d’une ossature d’acier tout les details doivent etre regles au moment de la conception contrairement a l’ossature bois ou l’on peut laisser un certain nombre de details a la discretion du constructeur… La priorite de cette periode est le developpement de projets qui peuvent servir de prototypes pour des maisons industrialisees. 1960-65, Changement d’echelle. Enfin, dans un dernier temps, le programme a pris une orientation plus large. Les Case Studies developpees pendant cette periode ne s’interessent plus seulement a des experimentations sur une seule maison.
Les reflexions s’etendent sur une plus large echelle. On travaille alors sur des groupements de maisons et sur leur integrations a l’environnement et a la ville. Elements de Sapin / Platre. Panneaux ondules en ciment. Elements de Sapin / Platre.
Platre, Lattes de bois. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Elements de Sapin / Platre. Brique Panneaux de contre-plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Elements de Sequoia / Platre.
Panneaux Acier / Platre. Platre et Panneaux de Verre Ondule. Briques, Elements de Sapin. Panneau en bois. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneau de Sequoia.
Panneaux de Pin. Panneaux de Pin. Panneaux de Contre-Plaque. Panneaux de Beton Poli. Visite virtuelle de la villa Savoye de Le Corbusier.
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Essay: cross-cultural marriage - English-Test net
IGCSE and cultural GCSE Geography Coursework (Paper 4) Paper 4 is the alternative to coursework paper that is worth 27.5% of your final IGCSE grade. The coursework paper tests your understanding of how coursework is carried out. The paper is 1 hour and 30 minutes long and divided into two 30 mark questions. You answer all the questions on the examination paper, most questions are short in length, between 1 and 4 marks. Characteristics Of Good Thesis Writing! The paper requires a combination of knowledge and skills. The questions usually focus on coursework to do with; coasts, rivers, settlements or weather. As a IGCSE geographer it is possible to cross essay, carry out coursework on many aspects of the course. Possible topics and areas of study may include:
Changes in emotional abuse river velocity from source to mouth Changes in load (shape and size) from source to marriage essay, mouth Changes in channel depth, width, cross-section and wetted perimeter from space travel, source to cultural marriage essay, mouth Changes in discharge from Tent Embassy, Canberra - Australia, source to mouth Changes across a meanders cross section Changes in river gradient from source to essay, mouth Changes in valley size and Canberra - Australia gradient from source to mouth Changes in land use a long a river Changes in pollution along a rivers' course (you need proper equipment for this) Changes in vegetation (cover and variety) moving inland Changes in beach profile and sand dune profile Speed of longshore drift Changes in land use Changes in marriage defences (compare to land use) Changes in beach or dune material (size or shape) Changes in land use Changes in traffic (maybe CBD to rural-urban fringe) Changes in - Australia pedestrians Number and type of tourists Changes in the quality of the cross essay environment or pollution levels (may look at essay emotional abuse the impact of industry) Changes in globalisation Changes in cost of products Comparison to Burgess or Hoyt Model Changes in wealth or population density (will have to use some secondary data) Sphere of influences of settlements or services. Changes in temperature throughout the day or between seasons Changes in rainfall Changes in humidity Changes in cross marriage hours of india, sunshine or cloud cover Changes in wind speed and wind direction. Before you choose your coursework you have to decide if you live in a suitable study location. For example it is no use trying to do a piece of cross cultural essay, coursework on rivers, if you live in the middle of a desert. Before starting your coursework, you should also think about how you can carry out the coursework safely and definitely carry out a risk assessment. You can make your coursework safer by doing the following: Protection from the weather (waterproof jacket, umbrella, hat, suncream) Sensible dress (remember you will be representing your school, but you should also wear clothes that don't draw attention to yourself Always carry out emotional, coursework in groups Always tell an adult or teacher where you area carrying out coursework Always carry a mobile phone with you Never do coursework near a river or the essay sea without an adult or teacher and without them checking that it is characteristics of good writing, safe Carry out coursework in day light and wear reflective clothes Check that your study area is safe.
For example it wouldn't be safe walking around downtown San Salvador Don't display valuables making you more vulnerable to crime e.g. Cultural! if you have a camera or a phone keep it out of sight. Specification: Formulating aims and hypotheses: Candidates should be familiar with hypotheses as statements that form the basis of Coursework assignments. Characteristics Of Good Writing! The hypotheses may investigate a geographical concept e.g. Cross Cultural Essay! ‘A CBD has the essay space highest concentration of comparison shops’. Collecting relevant data, analysis and drawing conclusions using the data as evidence can test these. The width of a river will increase as you move from the essay source to essay space, the mouth The amount of traffic will increase as you move from the rural-urban fringe to the CBD The amount of vegetation will increase as you move inland from the sea (distance = 200metres) The hottest part of the day will be between 1200 and 1400. Whenever you are doing data collection, the aim is to be as objective as possible.
Objective means that no bias or personal opinion affects the outcome of your results. The opposite to cultural marriage, be objective is being subjective. Antique Watermarks Paper! Being subjective simple means that your own personal views and essay bias has influenced results. It is up to date (current) You know how the data has been collected i.e. - Australia! what technique It only includes data that is relevant to your coursework It only cross cultural essay covers your study area It is collected in thesis the format that you want. You can study temporal changes e.g. how population has changed over a number of years It can be quicker, especially if the data is on the internet You can study a larger area It may include data that you can not obtain personally e.g. salaries. The data may include some personal bias Data collection can be time consuming It can be expensive to travel to cultural, places to writing travel, collect data It is hard to study temporal changes Some data might be unavailable or too dangerous to collect Only possible to cover a small area. It is out of date, especially if it has been printed in a book. Marriage Essay! There might more information than you need The information may include a larger area than your study area You may not know how the assignment services data was collected and who collected the data The data might be in marriage essay the wrong format e.g. in a graph and not raw figures. Quantitative data: This is any data that involves figures. Quantitative data is very easy to present and analyse. Even though it is easy to present it can be very general and watermarks exclude some data.
Because you are following a pattern you will get better coverage of an area or sample group. Even though you pick the cross cultural technique, once it is picked, there is no bias in who gets selected. It is very simple to understand and carry out. Because you are selecting the systematic technique, there is some bias (subjectivity). You decide how often to take a sample. Even with a systematic sample you may end up with an unrepresentative sample e.g. you ask every 10th person to fill in characteristics of good writing a questionnaire, but every 10th person turns out to cross marriage essay, be female. Every person or every location/place has a completely equal chance of paper, being selected It is quick and cross simple. Because it is totally random, results maybe completely random and of good thesis not representative e.g. when randomly selecting names out of hat to ask questionnaires too, you only pick females. Stratified sampling: Because both systematic and random sampling can give you a unrepresentative sample, if you have some secondary data that allows you to marriage essay, rank your sample group you can then carry out stratified sampling. Help! For example if you are carrying out environmental indexes in a city that has 12 districts, if you randomly or systematically select four, you may pick th efour best or the four worst. However, if you know the average income of those 12 areas (census data) you can them rank them 1 to 12 and then randomly or systematically pick a district from each quartile giving you a more representative sample.
Decide on your questions (what do you need to find out and what type of question are you going to ask) Whether to cross marriage, do the questions orally or give them in written form (you may have to think about translations) How you are going to pilot (test) your questions How you are going to record the writing space travel answers (record them, write them down, trying to cultural marriage essay, remember is unreliable) How you are going to Canberra - Australia, sample (random, systematic, stratified) Remember that you are representing yourself and the school - be polite Remember people don't have to answer questions and they may be sensitive about some e.g. age groups and income groups. When actually designing your questions you have two real choice; open or closed: You are getting the respondents personal opinion. They are not limited in their response. Some responses might not be relevant to your research Respondents may not understand the question and give you an irrelevant response Results are very hard to cultural, analyse using graphs or tables. All answers will be relevant to your research The results are easy to emotional abuse, analyse using graphs and tables. The results lack personal opinion. Cross Cultural Marriage Essay! They can be very generalised You are nearly always forced to have an other box meaning you don't know what the respondent thinks Your personal opinion has been placed on the questions (subjective). Specification: Observation – Examples of using observations as an enquiry skill to collect data include the recording of land-use in an urban area or observations of river or coastal features. Essay! Maps, recording sheets, field sketches and annotated photographs may all be used to record candidate observations.
It is important to always have an other category, because you always find a land use that you have not thought about. They are more accurate than field sketches They can be good for cultural essay, showing data collection techniques e.g. measuring a river's load They can support data collection findings e.g. they can show an example of a poor environment They can show temporal changes, especially if you can find historical photos. Of Good Writing! You can annotate and label them. People often include photos that are not relevant e.g. Essay! a photo of their friends People forget to label, annotate or refer to photos, which then makes them irrelevant. People often only assignment writing services photograph the nice things e.g. Marriage! pretty view and forget the more ugly areas that are just as important e.g. area of help, pollution They can often contains too much information e.g. people and vehicles Because they are two dimensional, depth can be deceptive.
Specification: Counts – Pedestrian and traffic counts are two significant examples of this enquiry skill. Cultural Marriage Essay! Appropriate methods for recording the essay space counts should be discussed including the essay layout of recording sheets, instructions and the necessary information required to identify the sheet following the essay writing space travel count (i.e. time, date, location and name of cross cultural essay, recorder). Geography fieldwork equipment can be used to measure virtually anything, but is most commonly used to help, take measurements along a river or at a beach. Below are photos and descriptions of some of the most common types of geography equipment. Transect: A transect is basically a line a long which you take measurements. You may have a transect that runs from the rural-urban fringe to the CBD or a transect that runs from the sea in land through sand dunes. In a real piece of coursework, you would explain how all your data was collected.
In your description you would probably contain the cross essay following information: Date, time and location of data collection Group size Description and copy of data collection forms used e.g. questionnaires or counts Explanation of how the forms were used e.g. sample size, count period, count technique, etc. Description of emotional abuse, equipment and an explanation of its use. Instead of writing a methodology in your exam, you may be asked to write a set of instructions, explaining how data collection should be carried out. For example you might be asked to essay, give a set of instructions for doing a traffic count. You might say: Find a safe location near the road your are counting traffic Count the traffic in characteristics writing both directions for a 10 minute period A tally should be used for cultural marriage, counting because this is easy and watermarks quick At the end of essay, 10 minutes count up the totals for each type of vehicle. You may also be asked about how your data collection could be improved. Improvements may be made in some of the following ways: Do counts more regularly e.g. every one or two hours Do counts, surveys or indexes in more locations Do counts, surveys and indexes on Canberra, different days of the week (including weekends) Get two groups doing the same survey, index or count so that an average may be taken.
Specification: Data presentation techniques: A knowledge of the illustrative techniques to present data across the topics for cross cultural essay, Paper 4 is required. This should include, various types of assignment writing services india, graphs, maps and diagrams for example line graphs, bar graphs, divided bar graphs, histograms, flow diagrams, wind rose graphs, isoline maps, scatter graphs, pie graphs, triangular graphs and radial graphs. If you are asked to complete a graph or table, all the data will be there for you so read the data carefully and complete the graph/table/diagram carefully. Shows spatial distribution e.g. dot map Shows variations between regions and countries e.g. choropleth map Visually interesting (interesting colours, symbols) Very bold and clear Easy to cross cultural, understand Clearly shows trends and anomallies. Can disguise intra-region or intra-country variations e.g. choropleth map Hard to see trends and anomalies Very complicated to read Symbols take up to thesis writing, much room. Specification: Analysis: Candidates should be able to describe the patterns in data presented in graphs and tables of results. Reference to relevant geographical knowledge and understanding is often required in the interpretation of the data. Marriage! Practice of this skill will improve success in Paper 4 questions. Look for trends and essay space travel correlations (if there is not a overall trend, look for cross, smaller trends) Look for anomalies (things that don't fit the general trend) When ever you refer to trend and anomalies you must support with evidence e.g. facts and figures from emotional abuse, graph or table. Try and explain trends (refer back to theory or other information that you have discovered in cultural marriage essay your investigation) Try and explain anomalies.
Specification: Formation of conclusions: Using the evidence from the data, candidates should be able to Canberra, make judgements on the validity of the original hypothesis or aims of the assignment. Cross! Reference is services india, also required of the reliability of the collected data and a critical evaluation of the chosen data collection methods. Refer back to original hypothesis Use some data to support your findings Refer to theory (if mentioned in cultural essay introduction) - do your findings agree or disagree with theory State what you have learnt from your investigation. Evaluation : In an abuse, evaluation you state what went well in your research, but also how it can be improved or extended in the future. If you are asked to write an evaluation, think about the following: What went well (keep this brief) Any problems with data collection e.g. bad weather, missing data, sampling technique, questions, data collection form Data that could be useful in the future e.g. secondary data from government, more questionnaires (bigger sample) Additional hypothesis that you could have used Problems with time or money that could be changed in the future.
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