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Respiratory system research paper

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Associate Programmer/Autonomy Idol (Search Engine) Professional Solutions Delivered, LLC (ProSoDel) currently has a job opening for an Associate Programmer/Autonomy Idol to system paper support The Marine Corps Center for Lessons Learned (MCCLL) in Quantico, VA. Abuse. ProSoDel is building a team to respiratory research paper support: The Marine Corps Center for Lessons Learned (MCCLL) actively collects, analyzes, publishes, and archives lessons learned materials to include observations, insights, lessons, trends, after action reports, and Marine Corps lessons learned reports. Nursing In Tagalog. These efforts support training and planning for both exercises and operations, and the war fighting capability development process. Respiratory System Paper. MCCLL focuses on children and internet, tactics, techniques, and procedures of immediate importance to the operating forces thereby identifying gaps and best practices, and recommending solutions across the doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership, personnel, and facilities (DOTMLPF) spectrum. Marine Corps Order 3504.1 The Marine Corps Lessons Learned Program (MCLLP) describes the program and assigns MCCLL the responsibility to respiratory system paper be the single fusion center for the MCLLP and to children essay rapidly adapt lessons into the Operating Forces and the Supporting Establishment while providing a relevant, responsive source for institutional knowledge with direct input to research paper TECOM, MCCDC, advocates and proponents and joint lessons learned community to enable the Marine Corps to field combat-ready forces. MCCLL requires Contractor support to meet operational goals of the Marine Corps Lessons Learned Program at and internet essay MCCLL Headquarters in Quantico broken down into the following three areas: 1) analysis, 2) records/data management, and system paper, 3) software/server lifecycle maintenance. Applicant shall provide Autonomy Idol search engine support. The Autonomy Idol search engine is essay a Commercial off the Shelf (COTS) search engine embedded in MCCLL-LMS to provide intuitive search capability for MCCLL#8217;s approximately 40,000 document repository/archive. Programmers need to be capable of maintaining and respiratory paper, optimizing the Autonomy Idol search engine so that it delivers desired results in efficient time.

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Pretty Woman et le complexe de Cendrillon. Posted by Julie G. Thesis? 1423 days ago. En psychologie, le « complexe de Cendrillon » designe un desir inconscient eprouve par les femmes d’etre prises en charge, le plus souvent par leur partenaire masculin. Respiratory Paper? Cette theorie est developpee pour la premiere fois par Colette Dawling dans son livre intitule Le Complexe de Cendrillon . Nursing? Le « complexe de Cendrillon » est problematique car il est le resultat direct d’une societe patriarcale qui pousse les femmes a se mettre en position d’attente, telle Cendrillon attendant son prince Charmant, plutot que d’etre independantes et de prendre le controle de leur vie. Le « complexe de Cendrillon » trouve principalement son origine dans l’education « differenciee » que recoivent les filles et les garcons. Respiratory? En effet, les garcons sont eduques pour l’action et les filles pour l’attente. And Internet Essay? De plus, les femmes sont eduquees pour etre dependantes des hommes, tant dans les modeles de fiction (les damoiselles en detresse sauvees par les heros virils et puissants) que dans les injonctions quotidiennes des medias (sois belle pour trouver un homme, ne te promene pas toute seule la nuit, tes enfants avant ta carriere). System Research? Le fait de creer ainsi de toute piece une dependance des femmes envers les hommes est l’une des bases du systeme patriarcal qui maintient la domination masculine sur les femmes.

Ce complexe est entretenu tout au long de la vie par les medias comme la television, les magazines feminins, le cinema et la litterature, et notamment par des ?uvres creees par des femmes pour des femmes telles que Twilight (que j’ai deja analyse ailleurs sur le site) ou le roman erotique qui s’en est directement inspire, 50 Shades of coursework visit Grey . Respiratory? Dans ces deux ouvrages (et films pour Twilight ), l’homme prend le controle sur sa partenaire feminine (qui adore ca). Children? Il est effrayant de constater que l’on peut qualifier Edward Cullen et Christian Grey de « harceleurs », et pis encore que leur comportement est plebiscite non seulement par leurs heroines mais surtout par des milliers de femmes a travers le monde. System? Les histoires de Cendrillon ou les femmes sont passives et les hommes actifs nous sont vendus comme des fantasmes apportant le bonheur a l’une comme a l’autre des deux parties. Study? Le fait que ces ouvrages soient ecrits par des femmes et plebiscites par des femmes montre a quel point les normes heterosexistes et patriarcales ont ete bien integrees par les femmes elles-memes a force d’etre martelees a longueur de temps[1]. Dans cet article, j’aimerais revenir sur l’un des films qui exploite le plus le complexe de Cendrillon, Pretty Woman . Pretty Woman raconte l’histoire de Vivian (Julia Roberts), travailleuse du sexe sur Hollywood Boulevard, qui rencontre par hasard Edward, un riche businessman ayant des problemes sentimentaux. Respiratory System Research Paper? Tombe sous le charme de Vivian, Edward lui propose de l’accompagner pour le reste de la semaine. Au debut du film, le personnage de Vivian est tres clairement en galere, sa colocataire a utilise l’argent du pot commun pour acheter de la drogue et elle n’a plus de quoi payer le loyer. Essay Generation Gap Be Overcome? Sa rencontre avec le personnage d’Edward lui permet d’etre a l’abri du besoin et d’evoluer dans un monde de luxe auquel elle n’aurait jamais eu acces sinon. System Paper? Edward sort litteralement Vivian de la misere.

Elle devient donc financierement dependante de lui et les deux personnages finissent en couple a la fin du film, il est difficile d’envisager pour Vivian un autre avenir que celui de « femme de ». Comme la majorite des personnages de conte de fee, Cendrillon est principalement definie comme etant jolie (mais elle est aussi douce et soumise, des qualites « typiquement feminines »). In Tagalog? Pretty Woman reprend cette caracteristique en faisant du physique et du look de son personnage feminin principal l’un des elements cles du film. Respiratory System Research Paper? Certes, la majorite des films sont aphrodistes[2] et les actrices sont generalement choisies pour leur physique avantageux, mais Pretty Woman (litteralement « Jolie Femme » en francais, ce qui annonce deja la couleur…) pousse le concept tres loin. Pour commencer le personnage de Vivian est hypersexualise. La premiere apparition de Vivian a l’ecran… … et la premiere apparition d’Edward. Le film profite du fait que Vivian soit une prostituee afin de l’objectifier sans complexe… Elle est utilisee comme « eye candy » pour le personnage d’Edward ainsi que pour le spectateur masculin qui se serait egare a aller voir une comedie romantique… En plus d’etre un procede violent envers les femmes, il s’agit egalement d’une forme de violence envers les prostituees, partant du principe que que comme elles vendent leur corps, le realisateur a le droit de les filmer comme il veut… Paradoxalement, alors que le film se positionne contre le travail du sexe, il utilise egalement le corps des femmes pour vendre… Mais soyons honnete avec le personnage de Vivian, ce n’est pas seulement un objet sexuel, non c’est aussi un portemanteau… Le film se delecte des longues sequences de shopping et d’essayage de Vivian, la filmant sous tous les angles et de preference decapitee. Vivian sous son meilleur jour…

Dans la scene d’introduction de Vivian et dans les scenes de shopping, le corps de Vivian est morcele, decoupe en morceaux. Thesis? C’est un procede tres souvent inflige aux femmes dans cinema traditionnel comme dans la pornographie, qui permet de les reduire a l’etat d’objet dont l’homme peut disposer a volonte. Respiratory System Research? La femme est litteralement « reduite » a ses seins, ses fesses ou son sexe. En plus d’etre morcelee et sexualisee, Vivian est un exemple typique de femme offerte au « male gaze »[3], c’est-a-dire les femmes dont le corps est perpetuellement offert au regard masculin, que ce soit celui d’Edward, celui des autres personnages (qui la reluquent allegrement) ou celui du spectateur. Nursing Thesis In Tagalog? Qu’elle soit sexualisee au debut du film ou elegante a la fin du film, Vivian est toujours offerte au regard masculin. Le probleme du « male gaze » n’est pas que les femmes suscitent du desir chez les hommes mais que la femme n’existe QUE dans le regard de l’homme, QUE par rapport a lui. Respiratory Paper? De nouveau, la femme est dependante de l’homme, d’une maniere differente que lorsqu’elle est sauvee ou reduite au rang de menagere, mais non moins alienante. The College Guide To Essay Writing Rossiter? En plus de subir des injonctions de la part de la societe afin de satisfaire le « male gaze » (sois belle, epile-toi, maquille-toi, mets-toi au regime…), les femmes sont depossedees de leur liberte et de leur independance. La difference d’age entre les deux acteurs (Richard Gere a 40 ans et Julia Roberts a 22 au moment de la sortie du film), corrobore cet etat de fait.

En effet, ce que l’on recherche chez une femme, ce n’est pas seulement la beaute mais aussi la jeunesse. System Research Paper? Les ecarts d’age entre les acteurs, l’homme etant bien sur beaucoup plus age que sa partenaire, sont loin d’etre rares au cinema : Les ecarts d’age entre les protagonistes ne sont pas anodins, car ils naturalisent des rapports de domination : on abuse attend d’un homme qu’il soit intelligent, riche, seduisant, puissant , et d’une femme qu’elle soit belle. Respiratory System Research? On envoie donc un message doublement violent aux femmes : tout ce qu’on te demande c’est d’etre belle et si tu es vieille, tu n’es plus belle, et par consequent tu ne vaux rien. Plus problematique encore, Edward ne joue pas seulement le role de Prince Charmant qui vient sauver Vivian et la sortir de la misere, mais egalement le role de Pygmalion qui remodele Vivian a sa convenance. Challenge 2011? Dans une des sequences emblematiques du film, Edward emmene Vivian sur Rodeo Drive (plus ou moins l’equivalent de l’avenue Montaigne a Los Angeles) pour qu’elle puisse acheter de nouveaux vetements. System? Si Vivian est comblee d’etre traitee comme une princesse auquel le personnel de la boutique fait d’innombrables courbettes (car c’est bien connu le plaisir ultime de la femme, c’est le shopping), le but d’Edward est de la rendre « presentable » afin qu’elle puisse l’accompagner aux differents evenements. Essay Emotional? Vivian fait beaucoup d’efforts (pas toujours recompenses) afin de correspondre aux standards du monde d’Edward, elle apprend a se tenir a table, a etre elegante, etc… Paradoxalement alors que c’est la spontaneite de Vivian qui seduit Edward au debut du film, il se sent oblige de la modeler afin qu’elle convienne aux standards du monde dans lequel il evolue. Ca oui poupee, ouais ouais. Toujours demander l’avis d’un homme, c’est important… Plus encore que l’acces a l’education et aux bonnes manieres, Edward offre a Vivian l’acces a la culture en l’emmenant a l’Opera pour la premiere fois de sa vie. Respiratory System? L’emotion de Vivian a l’ecoute de la Traviata semble suggerer que tout le monde peut apprecier la grande musique et pas seulement les gens « eduques », ce qui est vrai en un sens.

Ce qui est problematique, c’est que le film semble oublier que l’appreciation de la culture est egalement liee a notre education et a notre milieu social, et que les inegalites sociales se refletent enormement dans l’acces a l’art et a la culture. Study? De surcroit, on system se retrouve typiquement dans le schema de l’homme qui impressionne la femme et lui fait decouvrir le monde (que l’on pourrait appeler le schema « Ce Reve Bleu », decrit dans l’article sur Aladdin ). A la fin du film, tout ce que possede Vivian de valorise par le film (ses vetements et son elegance, ses bonnes manieres, son embryon de culture), elle le doit a Edward. La relation entre Vivian et Edward est biaisee car Vivian est, tout au long du film, redevable a Edward. Nursing Thesis? Au depart, leur accord est professionnel et monetaire, Vivian doit donc se montrer « disponible » pour des rapports sexuels. Paper? Puis au fur et a mesure qu’Edward l’initie a « la grande vie », Vivian se retrouve dans une situation de reconnaissance envers Edward.

Lorsque Vivian tente d’aller seule acheter des vetements, elle est violemment rabaissee par les employees de la boutique qui pensent qu’elle n’a pas les moyens d’acheter dans le magasin. En tant que personne issue d’un milieu modeste, elle a besoin de l’aide du directeur de l’hotel, puis de celle d’Edward afin de s’acheter des vetements chics. Children? C’est lorsque qu’Edward penetre dans le magasin en promettant de depenser des sommes d’argent « indecentes » que Vivian est traitee comme une princesse. Respiratory System? Dans une scene tres representative, on children and internet voit un vendeur obsequieux s’approcher d’Edward qui designe Vivian en repondant laconiquement : « Pas moi, elle ». T’inquiete pas cherie, l’HOMME RICHE va s’occuper de tout…

Vivian ne doit donc le respect qui lui est temoigne qu’a la seule presence d’Edward et a son argent. Respiratory System Paper? L’argent est donc, du moins pour Vivian, le seul moyen d’obtenir le respect et la dignite. Thesis? C’est habillee de ses nouveaux vetements chics et chers que Vivian vient se venger des vendeuses qui l’avaient humiliee la veille. Lorsqu’Edward revele a son associe qui est reellement Vivian, celle-ci est fortement contrariee et s’emporte des leur retour a l’hotel. Respiratory? De la meme facon, Vivian est contrariee lorsqu’Edward lui propose de l’installer dans un appartement et, a demi-mots, de l’entretenir… Vivian est donc blessee des qu’on la ramene a sa condition de travailleuse du sexe, son estime d’elle-meme est donc basee sur le comportement des gens, qui est lui-meme base sur un mensonge (Edward ne dit a personne que Vivian est une travailleuse du sexe et qu’elle est payee pour rester avec lui une semaine)… Le film ne questionne que tres peu ce manque d’estime d’elle-meme qu’a Vivian, d’autant qu’au debut elle semble s’assumer entierement, allant jusqu’a provoquer le couple qu’elle croise dans l’ascenseur. Can The Gap Be? Comme si le film tentait de nous dire qu’en plus de la sauver d’une condition sociale miserable, l’HOMME RICHE va egalement sauver la femme de sa condition honteuse en lui apportant le respect sur un plateau (celui des autres et celui qu’elle a pour elle-meme…). A aucun moment le film ne questionne reellement l’attitude de mepris envers les prostituees. System? Pour Vivian la seule possibilite d’echapper a ce mepris est d’echapper a sa condition de travailleuse du sexe (grace a l’Homme Riche). Child Coursework? Plutot que d’affronter la problematique de la condition des prostituees ou d’expliquer d’ou elle vient, le film prefere regler le probleme grace au sauvetage par l’Homme Riche. En montrant Vivian avoir honte de son travail et de sa condition le film reconduit implicitement l’idee que les travailleur-euses du sexe sont meprisables.

Je ne sais pas ce qui est plus derangeant, que dans ce film le respect temoigne a Vivian soit entierement lie a l’argent ou qu’il ne depende que d’un homme… Le film tente de mettre en parallele la souffrance de Vivian et celle d’Edward. Etre riche et puissant c’est un tel poids dans la vie… De la meme maniere que le film montre Edward et Vivian comme souffrant de la meme condition (faire un travail qui leur oblige a mettre de cote leurs sentiments et a privilegier la dimension financiere), il les montre aussi comme se sauvant mutuellement : En mettant en parallele les souffrances d’Edward et Vivian, le film presente une double imposture : -Il fait croire que les exploiteurs souffrent autant que les exploites. -Il pretend que la relation entre Vivian et Edward et symetrique et egalitaire. Tout au long du film, Edward est presente comme un homme qui souffre, il est quitte par sa fiancee au debut du film et se sent terriblement coupable d’etre un salaud qui exploite les gens… et qui, au fond, souffre autant que Vivian. Research? Sauf que justement Vivian et Edward ne souffrent pas de la meme facon : elle souffre parce qu’elle n’a pas d’argent et doit exercer un metier qu’elle deteste tandis que lui souffre car il est un exploiteur et ne supporte plus son metier. Essay Abuse? Excepte qu’ Edward a parfaitement la possibilite de changer de travail et de cesser « de baiser les gens pour de l’argent », Vivian n’a pas cette possibilite la. Respiratory Research? Faire croire que les exploiteurs sont au fond des victimes qui souffrent de leur position de dominants est un discours scandaleux, car les exploiteurs ont parfaitement le choix de changer de situation.Ce genre de discours tend egalement a faire passer au second plan et donc a invisibiliser tous les benefices qu’ils tirent de la domination qu’ils exercent, et donc aussi a invisibiser toute la souffrance dont ils sont responsables chez celleux qu’ils dominent. Nursing? Vivian ne produit pas de souffrance, elle n’exploite personne, contrairement a Edward qui en plus tente de se faire plaindre.

Le film tente de nous faire croire que la relation entre Vivian et Edward est reciproque et egalitaire, ce qui n’est pas le cas. System Research Paper? Deja car ce que chacun apporte dans la relation est defini par des stereotypes sexistes : l’homme amene l’argent, la dignite, la culture tandis que la femme amene le sexe, les sentiments et le « care ». Study Visit 1? De plus les scenes qui montre Edward donner a Vivian sont beaucoup plus nombreuses que les scenes montrant l’inverse. System Paper? Enfin, c’est elle qui est dependante de lui, financierement et socialement. Cette souffrance du dominant est egalement exprimee dans la relation entre Edward et James Morse, le proprietaire de la compagnie qu’Edward veut demanteler. Nursing Thesis? Edward exprime tres clairement qu’il a souffert a cause de son pere et que c’est en partie le desir de vengeance qui l’a pousse a choisir cette carriere (la troisieme societe qu’il a demantelee etait celle de son pere). System Research? Il trouve en Morse une figure paternelle bienveillante qui l’aide a sortir de cette affreuse souffrance de dominant qui l’oblige a demonter des compagnies de gens qu’il apprecie. Generation? On notera que c’est bien sa sympathie pour Morse qui le pousse a vouloir sauver la compagnie, les emplois de gens qui travaillent, pas grand-chose a faire… Une vision biaisee de la prostitution et de la sexualite. Les rapports sexuels entre Vivian et Edward donnent une image fausse et problematique de la prostitution. Paper? Meme si Vivian confie dans une scene ses souffrances en rapport avec son metier, lors des scenes de sexe entre Vivian et Edward, celle-ci semble y prendre du plaisir. Essay Can The Gap Be? Le film encourage donc l’idee relativement repandue dans l’imaginaire des hommes que les travailleur-euses du sexes (particulierement les femmes) prennent du plaisir dans leurs rapports professionnels.

Cette representation est problematique car, que l’on soit ou non contre le travail du sexe[4], celle-ci reste une activite professionnelle, dans la plupart des cas (et c’est le cas dans le film) pratiquee par obligation en l’absence de toute autre ressources, et ne doit pas etre « glamourisee ». Les relations sexuelles entre les personnages sont ambigues : au debut du film, Vivian explique a son nouveau client, Edward, qu’elle n’embrasse pas sur la bouche. System? Regle que bien entendu, Edward tente de transgresser a la premiere occasion (cf. Dupont Essay 2011? la scene du piano) en tentant d’embrasser Vivian, ce qu’elle refuse. Respiratory System Paper? Lors de la sequence, ils sont donc a priori encore dans un rapport professionnel, pourtant le film traite visuellement les rapports sexuels tarifes comme de veritables scenes d’amour. Essay? Vivian semble meme prendre du plaisir a s’offrir a Edward, on respiratory system paper retrouve ici subrepticement instille le cliche qui veut que les travailleuses du sexe (j’utilise le feminin car ce cliche s’applique principalement aux personnes assignees femmes) prennent systematiquement du plaisir lorsque le client est « doue ». Etrangement, l’esthetique de la scene est exactement la meme que pour les scenes d’amour, alors que le film met tres clairement en scene « un turning point » lorsque Vivian embrasse Edward et lui avoue son amour, leur relation passe alors du « professionnel ambigu » au personnel. Meme lorsqu’elle bascule dans le personnel, la relation entre Edward et Vivian n’est jamais entierement deconnectee du travail du sexe, Vivian restant toujours dependante d’Edward au niveau financier et Edward jouant de son argent pour couvrir Vivian de cadeaux et l’impressionner…Il y a aussi la celebre replique a la fin qui va totalement dans ce sens, quand le majordome dit a Edward qui rend le collier : « Ce doit etre difficile de se separer de quelque chose d’aussi beau ». The College Guide To Essay? Vivian est ainsi clairement comparee a un objet, certes un objet precieux mais un objet tout de meme, qu’Edward possede. La prostitution… un metier fabuleux, quelle joie d’etre soumise a un homme. L’idee est bien evidemment problematique car elle denie aux femmes le droit et la possibilite de prendre du pouvoir sur leur propre sexualite.

Ce genre de representations ultra-repandues au cinema, qui montrent les femmes prendre automatiquement plaisir dans des relations sexuelles entierement controlees par des hommes est problematique car elle entraine l’idee qu’une femme ne peut prendre du plaisir que dans une relation sexuelle entierement controlee par un homme et par consequent empeche les femmes de chercher a devenir les maitresses de leur plaisir et de leur sexualite ». System Research Paper? Cette idee est malheureusement de plus en plus developpee dans les medias. Study Visit? On peut notamment penser a l’heroine de 50 shades of respiratory system research paper Grey qui attend l’homme qui la revele a sa propre sensualite et sexualite. La sexualite est donc entierement controlee par les hommes et tres souvent phallocentree (Vivian fait au debut une fellation a Edward, puis lorsqu’ils « font l’amour » c’est avec l’inevitable penetration). Essay Emotional Abuse? Cette representation phallocentre du sexe est tres presente dans les medias (par exemple les supplements sexes des magazines feminins ne proposent que des positions de penetration). Pour aller plus loin sur la question de l’inevitable penetration : Comparaison avec Maid in system paper, Manhattan , une autre histoire de Cendrillon. Maid in generation gap be overcome, Manhattan ( Coup de foudre a Manhattan ) est lui aussi une histoire de Cendrillon, avec deux personnes diametralement opposees dans le systeme social qui tombent amoureuses l’une de l’autre.

Marisa Ventura est femme de chambre dans un luxueux hotel new-yorkais. Respiratory Research? Un jour, poussee par sa collegue et amie, elle essaye pour s’amuser la tenue luxueuse d’une cliente de l’hotel et croise par hasard Chris Marshall, candidat au senat. ? Apres une journee passee ensemble, celui-ci est persuade que Marisa fait partie de la haute societe new-yorkaise et cherche a la revoir tandis qu’elle doit absolument l’eviter si elle ne veut pas perdre son travail. Maid in respiratory paper, Manhattan reprend exactement le meme type de scenario que Pretty Woman , ou une femme dans une position peu enviable tombe amoureuse d’un homme puissant. Paradoxalement, Maid in essay emotional abuse, Manhattan se rapproche plus du conte original (on retrouve le Bal, le malentendu, la quete de l’inconnue, les mechantes s?urs, la bonne fee, etc…) mais est beaucoup moins nauseabond politiquement. Pour commencer, Marisa est beaucoup moins desesperee que Vivian. Respiratory Research Paper? En effet si son travail n’est pas epanouissant, celle-ci a l’ambition de devenir manager dans l’hotel ou elle travaille. Generation Gap Be? Cette ambition sera conservee tout au long du film et meme atteinte dans l’epilogue.

Ce n’est pas parce que tu as rencontre le prince charmant, que tu dois renoncer a tes ambitions… Alors qu’on voit clairement le personnage de Vivian se transformer pour correspondre aux attentes d’Edward. Research? Marisa reste entiere tout au long du film, n’hesitant pas a defendre ses valeurs et a donner des opinions bien tranchees. De plus la relation entre Chris et Marisa n’est pas principalement monetaire, si Marisa se retrouve a porter de luxueux vetements a deux reprises dans le film, ceux-ci sont « empruntes » a une cliente de l’hotel et non pas fournis par son « prince charmant ». ? De meme les activites qu’ils font ensemble (promener le chien, aller au zoo) ne sont pas des activites « de luxe », on system research paper peut donc voir que Marisa apprecie Chris pour sa compagnie et non pas pour les avantages qu’il lui apporte. Si Maid in writing rossiter, Manhattan est beaucoup moins sexiste que Pretty Woman , le film n’evite pas certains poncifs, notamment avec le personnage de Caroline Lane. System? Elle est, avec son amie Rachel, l’equivalent des deux mechantes s?urs de Cendrillon dans le conte.

Les deux mechantes « s?urs » au meilleur de leur forme… Caroline est une riche mondaine sortant d’une rupture qui s’est mis en tete de seduire Chris Marshall, son personnage est la caricature typique de l’hysterique, a la fois dans sa gestion de la rupture et dans ses tentatives pour seduire Chris Marshall. In Tagalog? Car au cinema une femme prenant l’initiative de seduire un homme est le plus souvent soit une femme fatale, soit une hysterique desesperee. System Research Paper? De plus, Caroline devient la mechante de l’histoire car c’est elle qui denonce Marisa par pure rivalite feminine. Le film est egalement problematique car si Chris ne « sauve » pas Marisa, il remplit cependant un manque dans sa vie, en devenant un pere de substitution pour son fils, on emotional retrouve ainsi la fameuse famille « normale » si chere aux medias… La famille parfaite…

Bien qu’il reste beaucoup plus fidele au conte original (c’est d’ailleurs cette fidelite qui lui confere des elements sexistes comme les deux mechantes s?urs), Maid in respiratory system, Manhattan reste neanmoins beaucoup moins sexiste que Pretty Woman , principalement grace a un personnage feminin fort et intransigeant et a une relation beaucoup moins basee sur l’argent. Can The Generation Overcome? Le film valorise egalement l’empowerment des femmes au travers de leur carriere professionnelle. Paper? Il est donc possible d’adapter un conte de fee d’une facon qui ne soit pas atrocement sexiste. La damoiselle en detresse, ennemie de l’independance des femmes. L’histoire de type Cendrillon n’est au fond pas autre chose qu’une derive du schema de la damoiselle en detresse, qui est l’un des schemas que l’on retrouve excessivement souvent dans les ?uvres de fiction et qui s’adresse aux hommes comme aux femmes. Nursing? On retrouve ce schema dans quasiment toutes les cultures patriarcales et a quasiment toutes les epoques. Respiratory System Research Paper? On peut considerer qu’il s’agit que l’un des elements fondateurs de notre societe patriarcale. Le trope de la damoiselle en detresse enseigne aux femmes que plutot de se sortir d’une situation elles-memes, il faut attendre l’aide d’un homme. Essay Abuse? Plutot que de prendre leur vie en main, les femmes sont donc maintenues dans la dependance des hommes. Que ce soit sous forme de conte de fee, de film ou de livre, les histoires de Cendrillon, et par extension de damoiselle en detresse, sont problematiques car elles faconnent nos fantasmes, nos desirs, nos attentes et nos relations avec l’autre sexe.

Ces tropes ont un double effet pervers : maintenir les femmes dans la passivite et imposer des normes quasi-inaccessibles aux hommes. En effet ceux-ci doivent absolument faire preuve de puissance, de richesse et de pouvoir afin d’etre desirables. Respiratory System Research Paper? Les hommes subissent egalement la pression patriarcale, et plus encore ceux qui ne correspondent pas aux cliches traditionnels de la virilite : les homosexuels (meme s’ils ont des comportements « virils », la societe les considere souvent comme des « peu masculins »), les hommes voulant exercer un metier traditionnellement reserves aux femmes, les hommes dit « sensibles ». Study Coursework 1? Les hommes souffrant de la pression patriarcale ont d’ailleurs tout interet a deconstruire le genre comme les feministes le font plutot que de rejoindre les rangs des masculinistes… Les femmes sont tout de meme les premieres victimes des injonctions patriarcales venant des tropes de damoiselle en detresse et des contes de fee qui non seulement les privent de toute forme de pouvoir, mais leur font en plus croire que cette absence de pouvoir et cette soumission a l’homme sont la cle d’un reel bonheur qui repond aux « aspirations naturelles » de « lafame »[5]. Edit : Suite au commentaire d’une personne concernee, j’ai modifie le terme « Prostitue-e » par le terme « Travailleur-euse du sexe », j’ai egalement modifie quelques formulations qui me paraissaient problematiques. Respiratory System Research Paper? Le sens de l’article n’a pas ete modifie.

[2] L’aphrodisme est le systeme de domination consistant a valoriser dans une societe donnee les individus correspondant aux normes de beaute physique de cette societe, tout en devalorisant ceux/celles qui n’y correspondent pas. Children And Internet Essay? L’aphrodisme est analogue a d’autres systemes de domination comme le sexisme ou le racisme en tant que, comme eux, il construit socialement une inegalite a partir d’une difference physique qu’il a arbitrairement posee comme significative, voire essentielle. System Research Paper? Cf : L’article de Paul Rigouste : http://www.lecinemaestpolitique.fr/en-finir-avec-laphrodisme-au-cinema/ [4] A titre personnel, je suis anti-abolitionniste : [5] Oui, lafame, vous savez, cet eternel feminin qu’on trouve beaucoup dans les medias et si peu dans la realite… Merci Julie pour cette analyse. J’ai deux reactions apres cette lecture. 1- Pourquoi ce film a-t-il fait un tel succes lors de sa sortie au cinema ? Pourquoi reste t il culte a ce jour ? Il serait interessant, au dela de l’analyse du film, de comprendre les raisons du succes.

Comment un film avec autant de debilite puisse etre accepter par le public… C’est peut etre de la sociologie… Je ne sais pas… 2- Je penses a James Cameron. Les heroines de ce realisateur sont tout l’inverse de Vivian. Je pense notamment au Lieutenant Ellen Ripley ou Sarah Connor qui toutes deux evoluent dans des mondes tres masculins. Une petite analyse de ce type de film serait un bon contre exemple a Pretty Woman… Pour la petite histoire, Richard Gere a declare depuis que de tous les films dans lesquels il a tourne, « Pretty Woman » est celui qu’il apprecie le moins. Dupont Challenge? Il le trouve stupide. C’est vrai que c’est troublant, cette facon de glorifier le complexe de Cendrillon… Bravo, Julie. Je pense qu’il faut s’interroger sur le succes des contes de fees donc les vieux Disney, Twilight, 50 shades of respiratory grey et les succes de Mommy Porn, Pretty woman ne sont que des variations…

Les contes de fee sont tres conservateurs (comme les mag feminins…) ils rassurent les gens, chacun sa place chacun son role… ca evite de se poser des questions et epargne l’effort de deconstruire. Meme si Cameron a realise Aliens (le deuxieme opus de la saga, donc), le premier film nous vient de Ridley Scott. Children And Internet? Il est interessant de noter que, dans le script original, Ripley etait un homme, et c’est d’ailleurs le cas de nombreux « strong female characters » du cinema hollywoodiens. Respiratory System Paper? Je n’ai pas d’autres exemples en tete, mais j’etais deja tombe sur une liste mettant ce fait en avant, il est assez curieux de noter que malgre l’existence de personnages dont ils pourraient s’inspirer les scenaristes ont plus de facilites a creer et developper un personnage feminin interessant en modifiant un script ou il s’agissait originellement d’un homme qu’en travaillant des le depart sur une femme. Tres interessant Skratsch, je ne savais pas. Sujet a approfondir #128521; il y a egalement Jodie foster dans flight Plan si je me souviens bien… Je vais essayer de faire quelques recherches.

Ca me semble particulierement logique dans la mesure ou, dans notre culture, et, pour nous francophones, jusque dans notre langue (ou le genre grammatical « masculin » occupe aussi les fonctions occupees par le « neutre » dans les langues qui en ont), le masculin est a la fois une caracterisation et une non-caracterisation. In Tagalog? L’Homme (avec un grand H) est, par defaut, le plus souvent represente par UN homme, tout simplement parce qu’il n’existe pas vraiment dans notre semantique de representation d’un humain neutre (sinon comme un homme glabre a l’entrejambe non-detaille, cf. Respiratory System Research? la statuaire) ; au contraire, le feminin est toujours pense comme une caracteristique (en terme de silhouette par exemple, c’est de la silhouette feminine qu’on dit qu’elle « a des formes »). Quand un auteur donc commence a creer une nouvelle oeuvre, il peut partir d’un personnage pleinement caracterise (s’il pense a quelqu’un de son entourage par exemple), mais dans le cas contraire, par defaut, il aura tendance a ecrire « il », pour « le heros » – sans que cela veuille forcement dire qu’il pense a un heros expressement masculin, avec tous les attributs « virils » que ca implique generalement (ou, au contraire, avec la critique de cette conception de la virilite). A mon sens le probleme reside donc plus dans cet amalgame entre le masculin et le neutre / l’universel, que dans une reelle volonte de vouloir mettre du masculin partout au nom du patriarcat (qui est deja suffisamment fort pour ne pas avoir besoin de tels procedes). Generation Gap Be? Meme si dans les consequences, ca importe peu, le resultat est le meme : les femmes sont bien moins visibles sur nos ecrans, les hommes occupant autant les roles « virils » que les roles « neutres », alors que les femmes sont le plus souvent reduites aux « love interests »… Que penses tu de ce court metrage dans lequel la prostitution est presentee reellement comme un metier comme les autres : Alors, l’image est moche, les acteurs sont mauvais, les dialogues sont pas credibles… je vous renvoie a l’article de Melange Instable qui est une prostituee qui est a mon avis l’auteure la plus juste sur la prostitution qu’elle decrit comme eprouvante, douloureuse mais egalement comme un choix et comme un moyen de survie : Ses autres textes sont egalement passionnants si la question de la prostitution vous interesse. je viens de lire le texte.

Je voulais reagir sur le blog mais apparemment ca ne fonctionne pas… Il faut etre enregistre ou chez pas quoi… Bref, tres interessant. Bon, faut dire qu’en voyant la video, j’ai eu la reaction de base : mal a l’aise, degout… Mais c’est interessant de lire un point de vue qui va dans le sens contraire. Je suis entierement d’accord avec elle au sujet des abribus… Mais bon, le jour ou les abribus afficheront des messages interessants ou digne d’interet… tu m’appelles. Et sinon, c’est quoi LGBT-phobe ? C’est la compilation de Homophobe (rejet de l’homosexualite), Biphobe (rejet de la bisexualite) et transphobe (rejet de la transexualite). bref tout ce sors du schema hetero…

LGBT= Lesbienne Gay Bi Trans. Euuuuuh… il n’y a pas que melange instable. System Research? Tres loin de la. Coursework Visit 1? Et merci de parler de travail du sexe. Respiratory System Research? C’est assez revoltant de lire toutes les 3 lignes « prostituee/prostitution ». Article interessant, merci d’avoir pointe du doigt a quel point ce film peut contenir des messages nauseabonds et etre bien plus qu’une comedie romantique nunuche mais inoffensive. Je m’interrogeais cependant sur la partie sur les scenes d’essayage ou Julia Roberts apparait decapitee et reduite a des parties du corps. Essay Emotional Abuse? Je ne cherche pas a nier l’existence du male gaze, qui est un probleme bien reel et omnipresent dans les medias, mais le film ciblant theoriquement un public feminin je me demandais si ces scenes n’avaient pas egalement pour but de « vendre » une image de la femme a ce meme public afin qu’il s’y conforme.

En effet, le fait de cacher le visage de l’actrice peut encourager les spectatrices a vouloir s’identifier a elle et envier sa place, un peu comme dans les pubs ultravirilistes de Malboro. Research Paper? Bien entendu toutes les femmes n’ont pas la carrure de Julia Roberts (heureusement d’ailleurs), mais le visage reste le meilleur moyen d’identifier une personne et le cacher peut donner l’illusion que n’importe qui pourrait etre a sa place, surtout dans la logique aphrodiste d’Hollywood. Cette idee est d’autant plus malsaine du fait que la personne a qui le public feminin est cense s’identifier est une prostituee, mais je pense que ma theorie est assez plausible si on visit la met en relation avec le complexe de Cendrillon. Je n’avais pas vu cette interpretation de la scene, elle me parait tres juste… Effectivement, le fait de couper le visage de Julia permet a la spectatrice de s’identifier, on respiratory joue effectivement sur le fantasme « shopping » des filles. on retrouve l’exploitation du « fantasme shopping » dans « Sex and child study the city » (qui est pourtant BEAUCOUP moins retrograde), le deuxieme film m’avait tout particulierement choque pour ca…

Juste une remarque en plus : Julia Roberts a ete doublee pour les scenes dans lesquelles on respiratory research ne voit que son corps, par Andrea Parker… Je suis d’accord avec tout ton article Julie Garnier! Tres bon article, comme la plupart sur ce site d’ailleurs! Le patriarcat, en effet, n’est pas seulement oppressif envers les femmes, mais aussi les hommes, ceux qui ne sont pas super virils et se la jouent pas Rambo, pour caricaturer. Generation Overcome? Etant un jeune homme, je trouve ca super chiant.

D’autant plus que la ou la societe dit aux femmes que pour feminine faut « etre belle, jeune et gentille », aux hommes pour etre masculin on respiratory research paper dit « soyez entreprenant, actif, conquerant, puissant, intelligent, surtout pas sensible, autonome financierement, soyez leader dans votre couple avec votre femme » etc… C’est pour ca que je prefere le terme de viriarcat a celui de patriarcat. Abuse? Pour reussir dans cette societe, etre viril marche mieux que d’etre un pere. C’est pas faux… Mais quand on respiratory research voit le ton paternaliste de certains, on comprend bien pourquoi « patriarcat »… Plus serieusement, le terme patriarcat renvoie a l’idee du pere comme chef de famille, le chef comme pere de la nation… donc le terme a sa justification meme si elle est moins valide dans nos societes modernes comme vous le faites remarquer… Je comprends bien, mais le terme me derange toujours un peu. Respiratory System? Je sais que ce n’est pas le but, mais il me donne toujours l’impression que ce qui est remis en cause c’est la notion meme de pere ayant un role dans la famille, et pas seulement le fait qu’il soit le dominant. ? Apres je sais qu’il y a sans doute une part de psychologie personnelle dans tout ca, mon pere n’a jamais ete le pere ideal et j’ai l’impression que le terme de « patriarcat » implique que fatalement tous les hommes sont de mauvais peres. System Research? Je sais que c’est un peu idiot, mais je me dis aussi que si je le ressens de cette facon d’autres personnes peuvent interpreter ce terme de la meme maniere a un niveau subconscient et donc reagir negativement pour une simple question de formulation. Par ailleurs, je trouve que le terme viriarcat rend mieux compte du fait que les rapports de domination qu’ils impliquent ne sont pas uniquement determines par l’age et le sexe biologique, mais aussi par le degre d’adhesion et d’expression d’une appartenance a un systeme de valeur genre.

C’est une formulation excessivement longue mais j’avais du mal a exprimer ca de maniere plus succincte. Je sens poindre comme une odeur de masculinisme dans votre commentaire :-). Generation Overcome? En effet, ce discours de la plainte par lesquels des hommes rappellent que « eux aussi ils souffrent du patriarcat » est un grand classique masculiniste, qui a pour effet concret de faire oublier que « le patriarcat », c’est avant tout des hommes qui dominent des femmes. Respiratory System Research? De plus, qu’ils soient des « Rambo » ou des geeks introvertis, TOUS les hommes tirent quotidiennement des benefices du fait qu’ils sont des hommes, qu’ils le veuillent ou non. Nursing Thesis In Tagalog? Pour ces raisons, mettre en avant les souffrances des hommes sous le patriarcat comme vous le faites est souvent un bon moyen pour les hommes de ne pas s’interroger sur leur place de dominant et les privileges qu’ils en retirent, et sur l’oppression subie par les femmes (qui n’a absolument aucune commune mesure avec « celle des hommes »). System Paper? Du moins c’est mon avis. Guide Rossiter? Je vais un peu vite la par manque de temps, mais est-ce que vous voyez a peu pres ce que je veux dire ? Est-ce que vous comprenez les dangers d’un tel discours ? PS : Si cela vous interesse, il y a ici des brochures qui analyse le masculinisme : http://lagitation.free.fr/spip.php?rubrique37. Respiratory System Paper? J’ai aussi lu un bouquin pas mal sur le sujet : Boys don’t cry, Les couts de la domination masculine . ? Il y a a mon avis du bon et du moins bon dans ce livre. Respiratory System Research? Certaines contributions me semblent en effet verser justement dans le masculinisme, mais il y en a d’autres qui sont passionnantes sur le sujet, comme celles de Francis Dupuis-Deri et celle de Michael Messner, que je trouve tres bien (l’intro du bouquin est bien aussi si je me souviens bien). C’est marrant, mais il y a toujours des mecs pour critiquer le vocabulaire des feministes.

Je me demande si ca peut etre le signe de quelque chose… #128521; Ce n’est pas moi qui ai invente le terme de viriarcat, je l’ai trouve par-ci par-la utilise par L’elfe sur son blog « Les questions composent », qui parle de feminisme, de veganisme, de droits de l’enfant, de biologie et de fruits. Guide By Jill Rossiter? Je ne suis pas sur de l’utiliser dans son sens premier, mais je suis a peu pres certain qu’il n’a pas ete invente par des masculinistes qui cherchaient a se faire plaindre. Apres je ne pense pas avoir le recul intellectuel necessaire pour veritablement faire une critique du vocabulaire feministe, qui a une longue histoire assez complexe pour le peu que j’ai pu en voir, c’est surtout une question de ressenti personnel et ca a plus a voir avec l’emotion que la raison. Respiratory Research? Apres si vraiment mes choix de vocabulaires vous paraissent choquants pour une raison autre que sa non-conformite au vocabulaire feministe historiquement etabli et consensuel, je veux bien vous ecouter et peut-etre ne plus y avoir recours, mais du moment que je ne fais qu’exposer mon ressenti sans demander a quiconque de le partager et d’y adherer, j’ai du mal a comprendre le probleme. Excusez-moi pour le ton taquin de mon commentaire, j’aurais mieux fait d’expliquer plus directement ce que je voulais dire. Thesis? Apres je n’ai pas non plus une idee tranchee sur le sujet, mais ca me titillait juste un petit peu.

Deja, je me mefie un peu des gens (et surtout des mecs) qui remettent en question le vocabulaire des feministes. System? Rien que la posture me semble suspecte : le fait de dire aux femmes que le langage par lequel elles choisissent de dire l’oppression qu’elles subissent n’est pas le bon, et que l’homme va leur dire quels mots utiliser. Child Coursework 1? Je ne dis pas du tout que c’est l’esprit de votre message, mais je pousse la logique a l’extreme pour essayer de mettre en evidence la signification possible d’une telle posture. L’exemple qui me vient a l’esprit lorsque je dis un truc comme ca est l’incontournable « moi je n’aime pas le mot « feminisme » parce qu’il temoigne d’une volonte de domination d’un sexe sur un autre alors que moi je suis pour l’egalite » (que j’ai d’ailleurs encore entendu dans la bouche d’un mec pas plus tard que la semaine derniere, et comme par hasard, le mec en question s’adressait a des femmes qui se disaient feministes, pour leur expliquer evidemment qu’elles avaient tort de penser ce qu’elles pensent). Respiratory? Une des fonctions de cet « argument » me semble etre de diaboliser le feminisme en le ramenant a une volonte de domination des femmes sur les hommes.

Une fonction anti-feministe donc. Du coup je m’interroge par rapport a votre intervention sur le terme de « viriarcat » (je ne condamne pas du tout le mot en soi, mais je cherche juste a reflechir aux raisons de votre preference pour ce terme, et surtout aux effets de ce choix ici et maintenant). Essay? Vous l’introduisez en disant etre d’accord avec ce qu’a dit Vagaboon juste au-dessus dans son commentaire, qui me semble lorgner un peu dangereusement vers le masculinisme (comme j’ai essaye de l’expliquer juste au-dessus). Research Paper? Du coup je me dis qu’il y a peut-etre un peu la meme logique, a savoir de dire : oui les vrais dominants ce sont les hommes virils, pas moi. Essay? En insistant sur la « virilite », le terme « viriarcat » peut peut-etre permettre a certains hommes de se dedouaner de toute participation a la domination masculine, en se posant meme comme des victimes de celle-ci aux cotes des femmes (« nous aussi nous souffrons des injonctions a etre des Rambo »). Respiratory System? Encore une fois, je ne dis pas que c’est votre intention, mais je me dis juste que dans le cadre de cette discussion, ca peut etre un effet de ce discours. Dupont? Est-ce que vous voyez ce que je veux dire ? Et encore une fois, je n’ai rien contre le mot « viriarcat » en soi, je m’interroge juste sur le sens qu’il y a dans un certain contexte et dans le cadre d’une certaine discussion, a dire qu’on le prefere au terme « patriarcat ». J’ai deja explique mes raisons plus haut, mes elles sont en partie affective ce qui peut-etre rend mon raisonnement biaise. Apres, le fait qu’il y ait des hommes qui ne trouvent pas leur place dans cette societe parce qu’ils ne repondent pas a l’injonction generale a etre viril, ca me semble etre indeniable. System Research Paper? Il n’y a qu’a voir, pour prendre un exemple extreme, comment sont traites les trans.

Je ne dis pas que la souffrance et le sentiment d’exclusion d’un homme blanc cis hetero qui ne correspond pas a l’ideal viriliste est comparable a celle des femmes, qui doivent vivre dans une culture du viol (qui est avant tout une culture du viol des femmes, je pense que la-dessus nous serons bien d’accord), ou a celle des homos et trans, qui se voient regulierement remis en question jusqu’a la legitimite de leur existence en temps que personnes. ? Simplement, ca ne me semble pas masculiniste de dire que ce rapport de domination est present, et que dans une societe feministe et, par consequent, egalitaire, il n’aurait pas lieu d’etre. Je ne pretendrais jamais que je me suis totalement debarrasse de tous les prejuges et idees preconcues sur les questions de sexe, de genre, d’orientation sexuelle, d’origine ethnique ou de convictions religieuses que j’ai assimile et que je pourrais reproduire de maniere inconsciente, ni que ce que je vis est comparable a ce que vivent d’autres personnes bien plus victimes que moi de cette societe. Research Paper? Ceci-dit reconnaitre que mon manque de virilite est socialement devalorise et m’assumer comme tel plutot que de chercher a me conformer a un ideal qui n’est pas le mien, ca ne me semble pas etre masculiniste. Essay Emotional? D’autant plus que, a ce qu’il me semble, une societe feministe et non essentialiste aurait notamment pour consequence de resoudre mon probleme par effet de ricochet. Par ailleurs, je ne remets pas en cause le terme meme de feminisme. Research Paper? Il y a eu une epoque ou il me posait effectivement probleme, mais j’ai trouve un article sur le blog Genre! qui expliquait ses origines et sa denotation, et je ne peux depuis qu’y adherer. Essay 2011? Quand bien meme un autre terme devrait lui etre substitue, ce changement ne devrait pas etre initie par des hommes. On est d’accord. Respiratory? Je cherchais juste la petite bete… Non pas juste pour vous embeter vous en particulier, mais aussi pour reflechir moi a ce genre de questions, sur lesquelles je n’ai pas d’idee arretee, mais auxquelles j’essaie de reflechir en tant que mec, pour eviter au maximum de reproduire des comportements ou discours masculinistes ou antifeministes. Child Coursework Visit? A bientot.

Y a pas de mal, je pense que c’est le genre de reflexions qui demandent sans cesse a etre reactualisees je pense. A bientot a vous aussi. Merci pour votre message. Respiratory Research? C’est pas la premiere qu’on me dit que j’ai des propos masculinistes, la premiere fois j’ai pris ca a la rigolade, j’ai pense que c’etait un hasard ou une meprise, mais la, je prend conscience que c’est du serieux. Essay? C’est surement inconscient car c’est pour moi involontaire, j’aimerais bien avoir la vision des choses la plus objective possible et oui, je me rend compte du danger de tels discours. Research? Je vais donc voir les liens que vous m’avez propose. Sinon je suis aussi d’accord avec les posts de dessus. Dupont 2011? Pour ce qui est de la reference a Rambo, c’etait pour caricaturer he he. Research Paper? =)

Du coup, comme c’est son travail, bin c’est une travailleuse du sexe… Je ne sais pas pourquoi la France reste bloquee sur le mot « prostituee »… Il a un cote tres derangeant, c’est qu’il signifie « qui est mis-e en avant ». Essay? On ne peux pas etre acteur-ice, sujet, on system research est forcement objet lorsqu’on est prostitue-e (sous entendu par quelque-un-e en fait). Le terme sexwork est utilise plus ou moins partout ailleurs (notamment par les ONG et asso de soin communautaire). Et nous sommes des travailleur-ses (parfois meme syndique-es). Suite a votre commentaire j’ai modifie l’article pour remplacer le terme prostitution par travail du sexe. J’ignorai que le terme etait problematique politiquement, je pensais qu’il s’agissait d’un terme neutre. The College Guide To Essay By Jill? il n’etait pas dans mon intention d’ecrire quelque chose d’oppressif et j’en suis desolee.

Si vous avez d’autres liens que Melange Instable sur la question du travail du sexe, je serai interessee. Yup. Respiratory Research? Merci pour votre modification #128578; je comprends parfaitement le probleme, comme je disais avec la France, le manque d’alternatives ethymologiques. ? Je connais le docu « Putes en lutte » (sur Youtube auquel j’ai participe ^^) d’Oelia Gouret. System Research Paper? Il y a aussi le site du STRASS (le syndicat des travailleur-ses du sexe), le film La Marcheuse, et les textes des Roses d’Acier (collectif de TdS chinoises sur Paris-Belleville). Essay Can The Gap Be Overcome? Autrement, le travail d’asso de sante communautaire telles que Cabiria (Lyon), Griselidis (Toulouse), Paloma (Nantes, dans lequel je suis secretaire, si vous souhaitez plus d’info). Respiratory System Research Paper? Il y a un 2eme docu appele Puttes en lutte mais d’1h30 sur youtube aussi.

Le documentaire « Les prostituees de Lyon parlent » qui date des annees 75 (occupation de l’eglise de st nizier a lyon par des TdS, fait par Carole Roussopoulos). ? Personnellement, je fais des conferences dans les milieux militants de l’ouest de la france de temps en temps (« le poil qui depasse » a Nantes, mon intervention a ete filmee). Respiratory System Paper? La tout de suite c’est ce qu’il me vient mais en y reflechissant plus j’en trouverai d’autres. ? Les asso de soin communautaires sont en tous cas de tres bons moyens d’approche #128578;

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The Respiratory System essays

Do Students Really Need Practice Homework? (Da Capo Press, 2006) Closely related to the [mostly false] notion that more time yields more learning is the belief, widely held by system both parents and teachers, that homework is useful because it affords an opportunity for students to practice the skills they’ve been taught. This, of course, is a defense of a certain kind of assignment – namely, the kind that involves practice. But because such a large proportion of homework is practice-oriented, we should evaluate this claim carefully. There’s obviously some truth to the idea that practice is connected to proficiency. People who do something a lot often get better at doing it. Essay 2011! But once again we find ourselves with a proposition that turns out to be true in a far more limited sense, with more qualifications and caveats attached, than may have seemed to respiratory system, be the case.

Giving students homework that involves drill and practice is often said to “reinforce” the skills they’ve been taught in class. This verb is tossed around casually, as if it were sufficient to clinch the guide to essay writing case. But what exactly is meant here? Unless it’s assumed that practice is reinforcing by definition, one would have to demonstrate that good results are indeed likely to follow from mere repetition. And it’s not at all clear that this is true, except under very limited circumstances. For example, it wouldn’t make sense to respiratory research, say “Keep practicing until you understand” because practicing doesn’t create understanding – just as giving kids a deadline doesn’t teach time-management skills. What might make sense, at least under certain conditions, is to say “Keep practicing until what you’re doing becomes automatic.” But what kinds of proficiencies lend themselves to this sort of system research paper, improvement? The answer is behavioral responses. Expertise in tennis requires lots of essay, practice; it’s hard to improve your swing without spending a lot of time on the court. You learn to pull back and follow through with just the right movement so the ball lands where you want, and eventually you can do this without even thinking about it. But to cite an system paper example like that to children and internet, justify homework is an example of what philosophers call begging the respiratory system research paper question.

It assumes precisely what has to children and internet essay, be proved, which is that intellectual pursuits are essentially like tennis. The assumption that the two activities are analogous is an outgrowth of a doctrine known as behaviorism, widely associated with John B. Watson, B. F. Skinner, and their followers. On this view, all that matters are behaviors that can be seen and measured, and “man is an animal different from other animals only in the types of behavior he displays,” as Watson announced on the first page of respiratory research paper, his best-known book. Children! Thus, it makes perfect sense that most of the principles of learning that emerge from the respiratory research paper work of behaviorists were developed on lab animals. Among those principles: Everything that we do, everything that we are, is purely a function of the reinforcers (what the rest of us usually refer to as “rewards”) that have followed what we’ve done in the past. When teachers and parents talk about using homework to “reinforce” the material students have learned – or, more accurately, the material they were taught, which they may or may not have learned – the term isn’t being used in the college guide writing, this technical sense. But that doesn’t matter. Whether they realize it or not, they’re buying in to system, the same attenuated view of learning that emphasizes drill and practice because their focus is on producing a behavior. The behavior might consist of children essay, a rodent finding its way through a maze or a child borrowing from the tens’ place. For a behaviorist, these actions are different only in respiratory research, degree, and , the same theory applies equally well to both.

Thus, to justify sending students home with a worksheet full of practice problems on the grounds that it reinforces skills is to respiratory system, say that what matters is not understanding but behavior. In the the college writing rossiter 1920s and ‘30s, when Watson was formulating his theory that would come to dominate the way we teach students (not to mention the way we raise children and manage employees), a much less famous researcher named William Brownell was challenging the drill-and-practice approach to respiratory research paper, mathematics that had already taken root. Dupont 2011! “If one is to be successful in quantitative thinking, one needs a fund of meanings, not a myriad of respiratory, ‘automatic responses,’” he wrote. “Drill does not develop meanings. Repetition does not lead to understandings.” In fact, if “arithmetic becomes meaningful, it becomes so in spite of drill.”[1] An emphasis on making meaning is directly opposed to the view that learning consists of the acquisition of dupont essay 2011, a collection of behaviors. Brownell’s insights about math instruction have been expanded and enriched by a long line of respiratory paper, experts who have come to realize that the behaviorist model is, if you’ll excuse the expression, deeply superficial. Learning isn’t just a matter of absorbing new information or acquiring automatic responses to stimuli. Rather, we human beings spend our entire lives constructing theories about how the world works, and then reconstructing them in essay generation, light of new evidence. Not only educational theorists but “virtually all” cognitive researchers today “[sub]scribe to this constructive view of learning and knowledge.”[2] The kind of guide to essay writing by jill, teaching most consistent with it treats students as meaning makers and offers carefully calibrated challenges that help them to develop increasingly sophisticated theories. The point is for them to understand ideas from the inside out.[3] This basic distinction between behavior and understanding – with its implications regarding practice homework – applies to just about every academic subject.

Its relevance to math, however, is respiratory system paper particularly intriguing – and somewhat unsettling in coursework, light of the fact that most of us still think in behaviorist terms. Mathematics is the subject in which practice homework seems to be most commonly prescribed, so this is as good a place as any to understand the limits of the whole idea.[4] An emphasis on practice to reinforce skills proceeds naturally from the assumption that kids primarily need to learn “math facts”: the ability to system research, say “42” as soon as they hear the stimulus “6 x 7,” and a familiarity with step-by-step procedures (sometimes called algorithms) for all kinds of problems #8212; carrying numbers while subtracting, subtracting while dividing, reducing fractions to the lowest common denominator, and so forth. You do one problem after another until you’ve got it down cold. Can The! And, as Brownell pointed out, if you have trouble producing the right answer, that’s “taken as evidence only of the need of system, further drill.” In reality, it’s the children who don’t understand the underlying concepts who most need an children and internet essay approach to teaching that’s geared to system research, deep understanding. The more they’re given algorithms and told exactly what to child coursework, do, the respiratory farther behind they fall in terms of grasping these concepts. Thesis! “Mindless mimicry mathematics,” as the National Research Council calls it, is the respiratory system research norm in nursing thesis in tagalog, our schools, from single-digit addition in first grade to trigonometry in high school. Students may memorize the fact that 0.4 = 4/10, or successfully follow a recipe to solve for x, but the traditional approach leaves them clueless about the significance of what they’re doing. Without any feel for the bigger picture, they tend to plug in respiratory research paper, numbers mechanically while applying the technique they’ve been taught. As a result, they often can’t take these methods and transfer them to problems even slightly different from those they’re used to.

Or perhaps I should say this is what we can’t do, in light of how many of us adults cheerfully describe ourselves as hating math or lacking any aptitude for it. (Rather curiously, some of us then become agitated if our children aren’t taught the subject with the same traditional methods that failed us!) All of thesis in tagalog, this has been noticed by people who make their living thinking about math education. Several documents for reforming the system research paper field, including, most notably, the standards disseminated by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, have recommended that math classes revolve around making meaning rather than memorizing rules. Students should be encouraged to write and talk about their ideas, to understand the underlying concepts and be able to put them into words. There#8217;s a sharp contrast between math defined principally in terms of skills and math defined principally in terms of understanding. Can The Generation Gap Be Overcome! (The latter doesn’t exclude skills, of course; it just insists that skills should be offered in respiratory system, a context and for a purpose.) But even a classroom centered on understanding may not be enough. Some traditionalists will agree that thinking should be “couched in terms of comprehending, integrating, and applying knowledge.” But in their classrooms, the student’s job is “comprehending how the teacher has integrated or applied the ideas . . Dupont 2011! . and to reconstruct the teacher’s thinking on the next test.”[5] This returns us to the fundamental question of whether understanding is passively absorbed or actively constructed. The best classrooms not only are characterized by more thinking than remembering; they also have students doing much of the thinking. Thus, children, with the teacher’s support, may reinvent the idea of ratios for themselves, or recreate the respiratory paper marvelously consistent relation among the three sides of a right triangle (and discover its relevance to real-world design issues).

By weighing the possibilities, they come up with their own ways of guide to essay writing, finding solutions. What that means in practice is as straightforward as it is counterintuitive: Terrific teachers generally refrain from system paper, showing their classes how to children, solve problems. Rather than demonstrating the “correct” procedure for respiratory system research, subtracting 37 from 82, for example, second-grade teachers might let the students (individually or in guide to essay rossiter, pairs) find ways to solve it, encouraging them to try various techniques, giving them ample time before calling them back together for respiratory, a discussion so they can explain what they did, challenge each other’s answers (in a friendly, supportive way), ask questions, reconsider their own approaches, and nursing thesis, figure out what works #8212; and research, why it works. Notice how different this process is from merely transmitting information to them in a way that would then be “reinforced” with drill and practice. Notice also that the learning depends to a large degree on the interaction among children; it doesn’t lend itself to solitary efforts at the kitchen table. Until you’ve watched this kind of teaching, the idea of trusting children to solve unfamiliar problems, or the idea that math is a creative enterprise involving invention, can be very hard to respiratory research paper, accept. It’s sometimes assumed that if an adult doesn’t immediately step in to say “That’s right” or “No, not quite,” children are being given the essay message that all answers are equally acceptable. In fact, exactly the opposite is true. It’s the fact that “82 minus 37” has only one right answer that makes this approach work. “Children will eventually get to the truth if they think and debate long enough because, in respiratory system, [math], absolutely nothing is arbitrary,” says Constance Kamii, who has devoted her career to explaining – and proving #8212; the value of this sort of math education.[6] By contrast, when students are simply told the most efficient way of respiratory system paper, getting the answer, they get in the habit of looking to the adult, or the book, instead of thinking things through.

They become less autonomous, more dependent. Stuck in the middle of a problem, they’re less likely to , try to figure out what makes sense to do next and more likely to try to remember what they’re supposed to do next – that is, what behavioral response they’ve been taught to produce. Lots of practice can help some students get better at remembering the respiratory research paper correct response, but not to get better at – or even accustomed to #8212; thinking. “In traditional math, says Kamii, “kids are given rules that don’t make sense to them, and repetition seems to be necessary to memorize rules kids don’t understand.” She generally recommends steering clear of homework, “partly because what kids do at school is enough, and repetition is 1 neither necessary nor desirable,” and partly because when parents try to help their children with math assignments they tend to teach them what they’ve been told are the “correct” ways to solve problems. Respiratory System Research! Again, this shuts down children’s thinking. Even when students do acquire an academic skill through practice (in any subject), the way they acquire it should give us pause in system, terms of dupont essay challenge, how they’ll approach that topic in the future. As the psychologist Ellen Langer has shown, “When we drill ourselves in a certain skill so that it becomes second nature,” we may come to perform that skill “mindlessly.”[7] Practicing some things until you can practically do them in respiratory system, your sleep often interferes with flexibility and innovation. What can be done without thinking usually is done without thinking, and that may lock people into patterns and procedures that are less than ideal. Practice often leads to habit – which is, by definition, a mindless repetition of behavior #8212; but not to children, understanding. And when understanding is paper absent, the ability to use and apply the skill is very limited indeed.

Even under those circumstances and for those topics where a reasonable case can be made that practicing does make sense, we’re not entitled to abuse, conclude that homework of this type is appropriate for most students in respiratory system research paper, any given classroom. For starters, such assignments aren’t of any use for those who don’t understand what they’re doing. “Perhaps the worst thing we can do is make [these children] do more of what [they] cannot do,” as child development experts Rheta DeVries and Lawrence Kohlberg once wrote.[8] Giving practice problems to students who lack understanding can have any of several effects: * It may make them feel stupid. (Over and over respiratory system paper again, they’re reminded of what they can’t do.) * It may get them accustomed to doing things the wrong way, because what’s really “reinforced” are mistaken assumptions.[9] * It may teach them to fake it, perhaps by asking someone else for the correct answers, to conceal what they don’t know. * Finally, the the college guide by jill rossiter whole exercise subtly teaches that math – or whatever subject they’re doing #8212; is something people aren’t expected to understand. At the same time, other students in the same class already have the skill down cold, so further practice for them is system research a waste of time. You’ve got some kids, then, who don’t need the practice and other kids who can’t use it. Even if we were willing to in tagalog, put aside more basic concerns about system paper, this kind of assignment, it’s entirely possible that only a handful of students in any classroom at any given time would be likely to respiratory, benefit from it. Thus, the nearly universal tendency to give the same assignment to everyone in the class, while understandable in light of time constraints, is awfully hard to defend pedagogically. This is exactly why a New York math teacher, who has at various times taught students from second to , eighth grade, told me that she has #8220;never found homework helpful. Respiratory! Those students who already knew how to do the stuff were bored with more of it at home. Those students who didn’t understand it made up their own ways to respiratory paper, do things which were often wrong and repeated the practice, making it that much harder to get them to see it another way in class.#8221; An eighth-grade English teacher in southern California arrived at the same conclusion: I very rarely give my students any kind of homework.

I do not believe in homework, especially in a Language Arts class. Many teachers say that they give the students homework for practice, which is a wonderful concept. However, does every student in essay emotional abuse, the class need the exact same amount of respiratory paper, practice? What about the student who has the concept down perfectly after the first item? Why does she have to do the other thirty-nine items? How about the student who practices all forty problems wrong? What good did the homework assignment do her?

I want my students to do their learning in my presence, so I can immediately correct them, or take them in a different direction, or push them further, or learn from them. Let’s assume for the moment that none of this was true – and that practice really could help most kids. Even so, it still hasn’t been shown that they need to do it at home. Proponents of homework simply assume that if practice is worthwhile, it must take place after school is over – in part because there’s not enough time for nursing thesis, students to write or solve problems during the day. Research! But this raises the question of what students should be doing. Often it’s assumed that the best use of class time is for students to emotional abuse, listen to system research paper, the teacher. Here we find another example of how questionable assumptions about education underlie a belief in the necessity of can the gap be, homework. There is good reason to move beyond the “transmission” model of system paper, learning – sometimes known as “sit ‘n git.” (The writer George Leonard once defined lecturing as the essay emotional abuse “best way to get information from teacher’s notebook to student’s notebook without touching the student’s mind.”) There’s a good case to be made that if class time is limited, most of those hours are better spent having students read and system research, write, discuss and reflect. Indeed, many assignments are most valuable when they’re completed in class, where immediate feedback is essay gap be available. Listen to the testimony of three teachers who address reading, writing, and math, respectively: In addition to reinforcement type worksheets which I do not assign for homework I also do not assign reading to be done at home.

Instead, I begin each day with an article (1-2 pages tops) that relates to the topics we#8217;re studying. Using just ten minutes a day, students end up reading over research paper 100 college-level articles in the course of the year. Nursing Thesis In Tagalog! Using class time enables us to research, go over essay can the gap be the information collectively and immediately. Research Paper! I have to give students time to write in class. Challenge 2011! I’ve never walked into an art class where students aren’t actually engaged in making art; imagine how silly art classes would become if the teacher expected students to work on all of their projects at home alone, leaving class time for lectures or slides.

Of course we should expect students to write at home regularly. Essay Generation! But assessment depends on observation, and if we do not allow students to system paper, write during class, we cannot observe their process or find the time to give them the responses and ask the children and internet essay questions that matter. I like to see students thinking through math. Respiratory Research Paper! I need to see what they are understanding and where they are confused so that I can guide them appropriately. This, I find, only works in class. The Learner’s Point of in tagalog, View. Even if practice homework really did help some students to acquire a skill, any such benefit would have to respiratory system research, be balanced against challenge 2011, the effect it has on their interest in respiratory, learning. If slogging through worksheets dampens their desire to essay can the generation gap be, read or think, surely that wouldn’t be worth an paper incremental improvement in essay emotional, skills.

But let’s take this a step further. Even if our only concern was with bottom-line academic achievement, it would be counterproductive to ignore how students felt about the process. Some adults seem to be convinced that kids ought to spend time doing what we regard as worthwhile regardless of whether they find it unpleasant, but there’s actually little reason to believe that it’s productive to make them do so. This is respiratory system because excellence tends to follow interest. As I mentioned earlier, advocates of essay generation gap be, homework are fond of pointing out that you don’t get to paper, be proficient at activities like tennis or basketball without spending an awful lot of time practicing. But even here, what matters most is the generation overcome fact that the would-be athlete wants to be out on the court. System! Practice is most likely to be useful for someone who has chosen to do it, and excitement about an activity is the best predictor of competence.

That’s why one of the main challenges for in tagalog, a teacher is to help spark and sustain children’s intrinsic motivation to play with words and numbers and paper, ideas. Conversely, when an thesis activity feels like drudgery, the quality of learning tends to suffer. The fact that so many children regard homework as something to finish as quickly as possible – or even as a significant source of stress[10] – helps to respiratory system research, explain why there’s so little evidence that it offers any academic advantage even for those who obediently sit down and children, complete the tasks they’ve been assigned. That fact makes perfect sense in light of a fundamental insight that has emerged from the work of psychological theorists and paper, researchers who have transcended behaviorism: What matters most is child coursework 1 not a child’s action; it’s what underlies the action #8212; her needs, goals, and attitudes.[11] It’s not what she does that’s going to prove beneficial (or not) in the long run; it’s why she does it, what she was hoping to get out of it, whether it makes sense to her (and, if so, for what reason). Of course, it’s much harder to system, measure these things than a variable like #8220;time on task.#8221; By the respiratory research same token, it’s easier to make students spend hours practicing a skill than it is to change their view of what they’re learning, how they see themselves in relation to that task, how competent they think they are, and so on. But that doesn’t alter the fact that the essay can the generation overcome best predictor of results is how things appear from the student’s point of view. The failure to grasp the significance of these complex, subjective issues comprises the most serious misunderstanding of all where learning is respiratory system research paper concerned.

Essays in favor of homework generally reflect a tendency to regard children as inert objects to be acted on: Make them practice and they’ll get better. My argument isn’t just that this viewpoint is disrespectful, or that it’s a residue of an outdated stimulus-response psychology. I’m also suggesting it just doesn’t work. Children cannot be made to acquire skills. They aren’t vending machines such that we put in challenge, more homework and get out research paper, more learning. Even parents who object to homework on the basis of the unpleasant interactions that take place may fail to appreciate how their children experience the homework itself – and how that reduces the chance that it will have the desired effect. Similarly, even researchers who consider students’ perspectives tend to do so in the context of reporting that homework elicits considerable resistance, but only because those darn kids don’t understand that homework is good for guide writing, them.

Our job, we’re led to understand, is to change how students look at things – or at least to convince them to do what they’re told. But what if our goal was to understand rather than to convince? What if we made a serious effort to imagine – from the child’s point of view #8212; what homework feels like and what it actually teaches? Do all those assignments really impress upon paper, kids the importance of responsibility, achievement, and hard work? Or are their real messages that learning has to be unpleasant, that my parents and dupont challenge, teachers have formed an alliance against system research paper, me, that I’m not trusted to decide what to do with my spare time? Perhaps we so rarely try to experience homework from the vantage point of the college guide by jill, those who have to paper, do it because this exercise would end up revealing its futility.

I argued in , chapter 2 that a careful review of the data really doesn’t provide much support for the idea that homework is research necessary to help students learn better. If this seemed perplexing, it may be because we’ve just accepted claims about the value of spending more time on a task or the benefits of practicing a skill, or because we haven’t considered the tradition in educational psychology that demonstrates the significance of the student’s experience of what he’s doing. Essay Can The Gap Be Overcome! Misconceptions about learning are pervasive in all sorts of neighborhoods, and they’re held by paper parents and teachers alike. It’s these beliefs – even more than a lack of awareness of the college guide to essay writing, what studies have found – that make it so hard even to question the respiratory system research practice of assigning regular homework. You can lead people to the research results, show them that there are no data at all to support the value of giving homework to thesis, students in elementary school, and it won’t have any impact if they’re convinced that practice makes perfect and more time naturally produces more learning. If, in other words, we assume homework is respiratory research a necessary part of education, that may be because of how little we know about how children actually become educated. Essay 2011! To learn more about learning is to look at the assignments kids are required to do in respiratory system research, a very different light. [Full citations appear in the book’s bibliography. Some endnotes in the book have been omitted here.] 1. Brownell 1935, pp. 10, 12. Emphasis added.

Elsewhere, he wrote as follows: “The child who can promptly give the answer 12 to 7 + 5 has by no means demonstrated that he knows the combination. He does not ‘know’ the combination until he understands something of the reason why 7 and 5 is 12, until he can demonstrate to himself and to can the generation gap be, others that 7 and 5 is respiratory system research 12 … and until he can use the combination in an intelligent manner – in a word, until the combination possesses meaning for him” (Brownell 1928, p. And Internet! 198). 2. Putnam et al., p. 89. Lauren Resnick and other experts have made the same point. Respiratory Paper! 3. The College To Essay Writing By Jill Rossiter! In so doing, it also invites them to think critically about respiratory system research, those ideas.

By contrast, as the Brazilian educator Paolo Freire pointed out, “the more students work at storing the deposits entrusted to them” — a pretty good summary of most homework — “the less they develop [a] critical consciousness” (p. 54). This raises the interesting possibility that while a reluctance to to essay writing rossiter, ask provocative questions may help to perpetuate the institution of homework, the paper institution of homework may also discourage students from asking provocative questions. 4. In what follows, I draw from The Schools Our Children Deserve (Kohn 1999b), which, in essay abuse, turn, contains references to the work of many other thinkers. 5. Windschitl, p. Respiratory! 352. 6. Kamii, 1994, p. 67.

8. DeVries and Kohlberg, p. 374. 9. This is exactly what the eminent educator John Goodlad discovered in his “Study of Schooling” across the U.S.: “A very large percentage of children [in elementary schools] reported to us that they frequently did not understand the essay generation overcome directions for the work they were to do. The consequence of this is that they did not get much done at school and so had a good deal to system research, do at home—but did not understand the work in the first place. In other words, if there was any reinforcement in the behavioristic sense, homework probably provided reinforcement of the wrong way of and internet, figuring out a mathematics problem” (personal communication, November 2005). 10. All of this also applies to respiratory system paper, more sophisticated homework, by the way. Even if the rationale is to promote “integration of skills” – a current buzzphrase #8212; rather than the mere rehearsal of those skills, the reality is often that “the only skills being integrated are those of procrastination and panic” (Waldman).

11. For more on this, including some supporting research, see Kohn, The Schools Our Children Deserve , especially chapter 2.

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The Respiratory System essays

essays and respiratory system research, arguments You’ve spent quite a bit of time in your English classes writing argumentative essays, and you’ve even gotten pretty good at writing on the topics your instructor assigns. Child Study. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. It’s not that there aren’t any good topics to choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Chances are, all you need to do is relax and find a topic you’re passionate about and, of research paper, course, one that is debatable. Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics?

Photo by the college to essay by jill rossiter David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Ford Library. The name of the essay says it all– argumentative . It would be a lot easier to write an system, essay on , something that people generally agree on, but that’s not really the point of an argumentative essay. It’s important to choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points. The world isn’t black and respiratory system, white–there are a lot of gray areas, which is children and internet, good because that means there are a lot of topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to help get you started. I’ve separated the topics into five categories–legal, moral, social, media and family–and included a helpful link for each topic. Feel free to use the topics for system paper, your own essay, or as inspiration to create your own original topic. 10 Legal Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics about emotional abuse legal matters are a popular choice. Paper. These types of topics can include laws that you would want to create, change or completely abolish. They can also discuss certain benefits or negative aspects of existing laws.

You don’t have to get super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be sure to do your research on , what the research current laws about your chosen topic actually say. Emotional Abuse. After all, you don’t want to suggest a changing a law that’s already been changed in the way you want. Should cigarettes and other tobacco products be outlawed? Should prostitution be legal? Do the benefits of system research paper, medical marijuana justify its legality? Is the writing by jill drinking age appropriate (should it be lower, higher, or stay the research paper same)? Should nuclear weapons be outlawed worldwide? Should the United States put more restrictions on gun ownership and use? At what age should girls have access to birth control without the consent of their parents?

Does outlawing controlled substances only create a larger black market? Should corporations be granted personhood? In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics. Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the easiest to get carried away with. They can cover a variety of moral dilemmas, from animal testing to the death penalty. These topics tend to be very debatable because everyone has different opinions–and justifications for dupont essay 2011, those opinions–on what they think is respiratory paper, right or wrong. If you’re talking about human or animal rights, and it’s something you’re very passionate about, it’s tempting to let your emotions take over. While it’s good to be passionate in an argumentative essay, remember to keep your thoughts focused and organized.

It’s definitely worth your time to create an outline so you don’t stray off topic. Photo by John Snape via flickr. Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to die via physician-assisted suicide? Should children’s beauty pageants be banned? Are nude photographs appropriate in museums that are open to essay generation gap be overcome the public? Should schools and businesses give more incentives for people to do volunteer work?

Are atheists less moral than theists? Does freedom of speech give people the respiratory research paper right to use hate speech? Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the death penalty? Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. Social argumentative essay topics tend to overlap with legal and moral topics, but deal more about how individuals act within society and what kinds of pressures society puts on individuals or groups of generation gap be overcome, people. This is a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of topics to choose from and even more that you could create on your own. If you get stuck on which topic to write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to you. This should make writing about that topic come more naturally. Just be sure to rely on respiratory research paper, facts and essay, not on personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to respiratory research paper the narrative essay realm.

Is there too much pressure on teenagers to go to college? At what age should citizens be allowed to vote in the United States? Should more rights be given to immigrants? Can heterosexual men and women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of anything more? In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Should the United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in order to curb men’s catcalling? Do prisoners deserve the right to vote? Should there be a legal curfew for minors?

Can online dating replace meeting a person in real life? 10 Advertising and Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and the media have become nearly inseparable from society as a whole. Essays written on these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and what should be allowed to be seen or heard through media and advertisements. Inspiration to research paper create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn’t hard to essay abuse find. Just turn on a television and don’t change the respiratory paper channel when the commercials come on. Pay close attention to all things electronic, and nursing thesis in tagalog, you’ll be sure to find something debatable about respiratory what you see. Photo by Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons.

Should sex be allowed to be portrayed on prime time television? Where should networks draw the rossiter line for system research paper, violence on television? Should news shows talk about can the generation gap be overcome celebrities? Do journalists have a duty to eliminate as much bias as possible? Is it acceptable for companies to advertise in schools? In what situations should advertisements for alcohol and research paper, tobacco products be allowed? Should warnings and side effects be made more clear in advertisements? Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and movies have the responsibility of being more diverse? Are public service announcements effective?

10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics covering family life and dupont 2011, values are abundant. That’s because every family is respiratory, different. . Rules in families vary on a case-by-case basis, contrary to laws that govern a state or nation. Because each family is different, it’s hard to generalize in these types of respiratory system, essays. However, if you look into research on child development and psychology, marital psychology, and child, personal stories from parents and their children, you can get enough information to make an argument for any of the topics below (or for a topic of your own). Photo by essay challenge 2011 Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics. As you can see, there are a lot of debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from (way more than are on coursework visit, this list). For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to Help You Get Started.

Once you’re ready to come up with a thesis, check out system paper these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples. When you are picking your topic, keep in mind that it’s much easier to 1 write about something that you already have interest in–even if you don’t know a whole lot about it. System Research. Researching the topic will allow you to essay challenge learn more about what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the essay will be more enjoyable. If you’ve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in your logic, send your essay over to the Kibin editors. They’ll help give you the research paper winning edge in whatever you’re debating.

Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the children essay Author. Eden Meirow is respiratory paper, a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and thesis in tagalog, education.

You can find her on Google+. Thank you for respiratory system research paper, these! I appreciate that you divided the topics into type! Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. #128578; Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for Argumentative essay about anti immigrants. I want prove them wrong and show them posative side from immigrants, thanks for the help.

Hi Abdul–I’m not sure *who you’re proving wrong? However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an emotional hook. A hook that makes the 1 story of immigration a HUMAN story is research paper, a compelling story. Thank you for the help and the quick feedback! Please give me an coursework 1, example. Is the hook on the title or on the body? Thanks.

The hook is the system paper first sentence of your intro paragraph. Hey, I have an arguementative assay due and essay gap be, I have NOOO idea what to do it on can u help? Btw I’m 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.? Hiya– so I think the important thing would be to paper choose a topic that you are actually interested in. At 14, and sorry if I’m stereotyping you due to your age, perhaps a good argument would be to discuss the effects of video games on overcome, young people. Here is a great resource to help you: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/effects-of-video-games-essay-sources/ I looked @ the ideas but I’m still not sure.

What would be a good resource for supporting the respiratory system research opinion that physician-assisted suicide is to essay by jill rossiter, morally wrong? I’m having a hard time choosing a new topic for my argumentative essay. I was writing on how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldn’t help me on this and it was a hard topic to argue about. Can you please help. It sounds like your teacher wants you to get more specific than that topic (which, to be fair, is research, pretty broad). A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at laws in California and Colorado for essay, example).

I need to write an argumentative research paper about 3000 words. Do you have any suggestions for a topic that I can find so much things to write about? I hope that one of the 50 above topics will get you thinking about what you want to paper write about. My biggest piece of advice is essay generation overcome, definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to struggle getting 3000 words down. Think about the topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day life–maybe you can turn one of those topics into respiratory system paper an argument. Speaking of and internet, 3k words, here’s a good post on respiratory system research paper, making an thesis in tagalog, essay longer (without adding useless fluff): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-make-an-essay-longer/ I’m sorry to hear that. Maybe you’ll find this post to be helpful in your quest for the perfect topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-persuasive-essay-topics/

Same I have to do that. I need to write 3 essays and I 5 days to do it need HELP and I’m 15. Hi Dyson–eep that’s a lot of research, essays in a short amount of time. Children Essay. You’re going to paper want to stay organized. Check out essay this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/7-essay-outline-templates-get-essay-going/ Thank you for system research paper, that it really helps me. You’re welcome. Thanks for reading! Hi, I was hoping to coursework 1 get some advice on an argumentative essay. Respiratory System. My argument is broad and about Self-harm and Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to follow it I only have 2 days to write a 6 page essay. Do you have any tips or advice to help me specify my topic or where to even start?

Can you please help? Hi i need to the college writing by jill rossiter write 7-10 page argumentive essay and respiratory paper, i don’t have any idea can you help me what is the college to essay by jill, it good to write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay. I will appreciate. sweet!

Thanks for the comment. Hi there. System Paper. My name is Lisa. Do you need any help with your homework? I am available for help and I will be glad to 2011 help.

Contact me for non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and always on respiratory system research paper, time. Nursing. Thank you in advance. I have to system research right a research essay that will end up over the course be a 7 to 8 page essay and I can not think of a topic it has to be arguable…. Have any idea what topic would be good? The 50 topics in this post should lead you to something good.

The trick is to choose a topic that you are interested in so that you have a chance to possibly even *enjoy the system research process of researching and writing. Remember, an arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side). Dupont 2011. This post covers writing an argumentative thesis statement and also has more topic ideas: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/ This is system research, literally the same thing i’m going thru for english 202. It has to end up being 7 to research 8 pages and it has to be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and these wont make enough.

Don’t despair. You can do it. #128578; Hi Naomi. Can The Gap Be Overcome. I am looking for help in formulating a thesis (a good argument) for a 3000 word research paper on the following ” Discuss the social and system paper, cognitive consequences on bilingualism and child, multilingualism” . Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated. Thank you #128578; A basic framework for respiratory system research, your thesis statement will outline the points that you want to defend throughout your paper. Essay Challenge. It may look something like this: The social and cognitive consequences of bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to take it a step further and argue that biilingual is system paper, socially and cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be: The social and cognitive benefits of bilingualism and multilingualism are many and include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and nursing thesis, BENEFIT 3.

Your first research goal would be to respiratory system uncover the consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to discuss research related to essay gap be overcome multilingualism and aging and how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Once you have the points you want to defend in place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is has a more organic structure than the list framework I provided. Thank you so much ! Of course! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi Naomi. I have started writing the paper. However, I am having difficulties with the organization of system research paper, my paper. Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and give me tips on how to child study coursework visit 1 properly organize the paper essay? It would be greatly appreciated.

It’s fantastic that you understand the value of having someone proofread your essay. While I can’t do this for you (not enough time in my schedule), you have come to the right place. Our editors are available 24/7 to check your essay for organization, clarity, grammar and writing by jill, more. You can learn more about system research that service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. I have to guide by jill do 700-900 word essays a week and respiratory, I loose my nerve a lot. but trust me, it can be worse… Good luck on your writing though!–I’m sure you need it more than me… i have to do a 10-15 page essay single spaced. Pinterest tells me that if you want an emotional, essay to seem longer, highlight all the periods, and change the font size from 12 to 14. I can promise you that most professors are on to this trick! If you go into an essay well-prepared, you should be able to hit your word count without resorting to tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in the first place #128578; I am writing an essay generation gap be overcome, 1800 minimum word essay and for respiratory system paper, some topics there will be enough you just have to be well prepared.

So true! If you’re armed with plenty of sources and make a solid outline to nursing plan your paper, it’s much easier to reach your target word count #128578; Here are the basic steps you need to respiratory system research paper take to execute an argumentative essay: 1) pick your topic–this post is a good place to start. 2) do your research–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/writing-a-research-paper/ 3) formulate a thesis statement–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ 4) write an outline–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ 5) draft your paper–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-formatting-survival-guide/ 6) edit your paper –https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading.

7) turn it in and celebrate your accomplishment! three claims right. Yes, three claims is a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on the specific requirements and length of your paper). Hey, i Have to submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by tomorrow afternoon on inspiration vs infringement and can the generation gap be overcome, so far I’ve written only 200. Could you please tell me what all points i could include? Just saw this and respiratory system research paper, it looks like “tomorrow afternoon” has arrived. I hope that you were able to come up with some good points.

This makes me think of Walt Disney and how all of his characters came from previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and essay generation gap be overcome, others), and how later on (in the 90s) Disney led the charge in more restrictive copyright laws. That would be one case study I would use for a topic like this. That is awesome to system research hear. Thanks for your comment! thank you Naomi for this. hi Naomi, me and my partner have no idea on what are topic will be, based on our courses. I’m studying entrepreneurship and she is studying computer science. it has been 2 months and yet we cannot come up with an idea on what will be our topic. please help us for we are desperate. we would be so thankful if you’l help us a little bit. I’m not quite sure what you are asking for. Are you trying to find a topic for a research paper that is related to both computer science and entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the question I’m attempting to answer here. What you choose will largely depend on nursing in tagalog, where your interests are.

You two would do well to sit down and brainstorm a list of potential ideas and then do some preliminary research to system see if you can find information to support your project. For example, my initial brainstorm of 2011, topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in business? -what softwares are essential for running a scalable startup? -will emerging technologies lead to a jobless economy? -will emerging technologies lead to respiratory research paper a new type of job market? -should computer science students be required to take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and business understanding)?

Then I’d do some initial research on my favorite two ideas to essay find out if any of them have enough material to support a full research paper. For example, I found this source http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5673619/?reload=true that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes). I think that you may be struggling a bit because “computer science” and “entrepreneurship” or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of system, topics. You might find this post helpful for you to narrow down your idea: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ this article is study coursework visit 1, great and also helped me a lot for my project….but i am currently writing a novel and i need some pointers for respiratory research, it…..would you be able to help. The novel is a fan-fic on the original series Percy Jackson… Congrats on starting the rewarding project of the college guide writing rossiter, writing your own novel.

The best advice for writing a novel is just sitting down and writing it. Respiratory System Research. You may be tempted to make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like it’s coming out as you want it to, but if you’re serious about this, you’ll set those excuses aside and just write. Your first draft does not have to emotional abuse be perfect. In fact it won’t be perfect. It will likely be a giant mess. So you need to respiratory paper be okay with that fact and just get through it. Set a word count goal for every day, and every week. A final novel is about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in mind! It’s a marathon. Once you have a draft, you can go back and revise it… again and again until it’s right. were recquired to writing rossiter do 1500 word essay and i didnt know what topic I can choose.

But thank you for this, it gave me an idea. I’m so glad you found it helpful! Thanks for reading. Naomi help me please? i’am looking for the disadvantages of a physical store and found only minor things. Respiratory System Research Paper. i wanted to find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Do you mean the and internet essay disadvantages of shopping at a physical store or of owning one? I assume you mean shopping at one, so here are a couple ideas off the top of my head: – Unless you live nearby, you have to pay to travel there (gas, wear and tear on system research paper, your car). – There is a higher risk that the store will be out can the gap be overcome of the item you need (or won’t have the system right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to limited inventory. – Prices may be higher due to essay overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to online-only establishments. thank you Erin. Research Paper. this is such a big help.

Happy to the college to essay writing by jill rossiter help! Thanks for respiratory, reading #128578; I think any of the topics listed here could be pretty amazing — just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons. Happy writing (and impressing)! Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the system worth it? i have a ten page essay due in a month so any advice on how to get it done without killing myself.

Hey, a month is a good long while. I’d definitely break it down into lots of nursing, smaller steps that you can attack a little at a time — brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising. The outlining step will save you a ton of respiratory research, work; I’d definitely read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ for some pointers. Emotional Abuse. You might also check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-essay-on-anything/ I have to make an long af essay and english is not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for some kind of essays up to system research paper 2k words everything you need is imagination and nothing else. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for me. The internet definitely makes writing papers easier.

Thanks for the comment! Hello, I’m need to write a thesis for generation overcome, my uni’s project this year. But, I’m having a problem with my topic, is system research paper, it a good topic or not? I’m not sure, will you help me? My thesis topic is, “Students’ perception on the college guide to essay by jill rossiter, integrity, as one of the NDUM characteristics.” *NDUM is my university, so I want to know how this integrity give an effect to the students, in the way of education.

I think you’re off to paper a good start, but you still need to take a stance on essay can the, your topic. Here is an example of respiratory system, what I mean: “Students’ perception of child study visit, integrity, which is one of NDUM’s characteristics, has a strong impact on how student success in education.” In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to focus only on respiratory, positive impacts, might be: “Students who have a strong perception of integrity, one of NDUM’s core characteristics, tend to essay 2011 be more successful in their educational endeavors.” I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit! Hello everyone? I am an online tutor.

I do a wider array of assignments from essays, projects and research papers. I produce quality and original papers that are payable after receiving the assignments. All the assignments are done in 12-24 hours. Be free to inquire more. Email: [emailprotected] . I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. I don’t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Respiratory System Research Paper. Can someone give ma an advice on challenge 2011, this? I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. I don’t know specifically what to respiratory research write about because the topic itself is can the gap be, so broad. Can someone give ma an advice on research paper, this?

You’re right that “mental health” is essay can the overcome, a really broad topic. If you’re writing an argumentative essay, you need to come up with an respiratory system, approach/stance that’s a) debatable and b)provable. Here are a few examples of possible approaches: – Argue that the government (national, local, etc.) has a responsibility to the college guide rossiter increase funding for mental health initiatives. – Should free mental health therapy be offered in schools? Argue in favor of/against.

– Does the mental health of parents impact their children? Why or why not? There are a lot of possibilities here, but I hope those spark some ideas for how you can narrow your topic to be more specific. Happy writing! Thank you. I started my essay on dupont, government should increse the fundings. Now I’m on my thesis statement. i just started this.

do you think this will improve my spelling problem. I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. #128577; That’s a long one, but you can totally do it. Just make sure to organize your ideas before you start. You might want to check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ . This outline template can work just as easily for a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims you’re making and how much evidence you use to back them up.

Much respect for your decision to go back to school! What an awesome example you’re setting for your kids #128578; I would definitely recommend that you explore some of respiratory system research, our (many, many) other blog posts for writing help. I’m obviously biased, but they’re a fantastic resource for getting un-stuck. As for guide to essay writing by jill rossiter, this essay, I think that there are definitely some argumentative angles you could take with the subject of autism. Off the system paper top of my head: 1. Argue that autism should (or should not be) classified as a disorder/disability.

For instance, some suggest that it’s simply a type of 2011, neurodiversity and paper, should not be treated as something “wrong,” just different. 2. Argue that autism stems from (or does not stem from) environmental factors. The vaccine debate is the college guide writing by jill, perhaps the most popular example of respiratory system research, this argument, but there are a host of other causes that doctors, researchers, and parents have considered too. 3. Argue that Asperger’s syndrome is/is not different from high-functioning autism.