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kpmg submit resume KPMG LLP, of McLean, Virginia, protests the ada position long award of a contract to Deloitte Touche LLP, of Arlington, Virginia, by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) under request for proposals (RFP) No. 2012-11120600005 for accounting and financial services in support of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI). Gce Applied Ict Coursework. KPMG argues that the CIA held misleading discussions, misevaluated the care proposals, failed to conduct a proper cost realism analysis, and essays made an ada position paper long care unreasonable source selection decision. We sustain the protest. DOCUMENT FOR PUBLIC RELEASE. The decision issued on the date below was subject to on homosexuality, a GAO Protective Order. Ada Position Paper Long Term Care. This redacted version has been approved for public release. Matter of: KPMG LLP. File: B-406409; B-406409.2; B-406409.3; B-406409.4. Date: May 21, 2012.

Michael A. Hordell, Esq., Michael R. Golden, Esq., Heather Kilgore Weiner, Esq., and Samuel Jack, Esq., Pepper Hamilton LLP, for the protester. David S. Cohen, Esq., John J. Essays In Zen. O#146;Brien, Esq., and Gabriel E. Kennon, Esq., Cohen Mohr LLP, for Deloitte Touche LLP, an intervenor. Christopher E. Ada Position. Gagne, Esq., and Arthur L. Med School. Passar, Esq., Central Intelligence Agency, for the agency. Paul N. Wengert, Esq., Glenn G. Wolcott, Esq., and long care Sharon L. About People. Larkin, Esq., Office of the General Counsel, GAO, participated in the preparation of the decision. 1. Agency conducted misleading discussions where it advised protester during discussions that it should provide resumes for all proposed personnel for ada position paper care the lifespan of the contract, but now asserts that the RFP did not require such submission of resumes. 2. Agency failed to conduct an essays in zen buddhism adequate cost realism analysis of proposals for paper long cost-plus-fixed-fee level-of-effort contract where the record is devoid of any meaningful analysis by agency evaluators of ict coursework, their basis for accepting as realistic the paper care awardee#146;s cost proposal, and statement on homosexuality record showed that, beginning a year into performance, the firm#146;s cost savings depended on replacement of term care, staff whose resumes were relied upon for the awardee#146;s higher technical ratings. KPMG LLP, of McLean, Virginia, protests the award of statement on homosexuality, a contract to paper long term, Deloitte Touche LLP, of Arlington, Virginia, by ict coursework, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) under request for proposals (RFP) No. 2012-11120600005 for accounting and financial services in support of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI).

KPMG argues that the CIA held misleading discussions, misevaluated the proposals, failed to conduct a proper cost realism analysis, and made an term unreasonable source selection decision. We sustain the essays helping poor protest. The CIA issued the RFP on December 12, 2011, seeking proposals to provide services to assist in the preparation of auditable financial statements for the ODNI. RFP at 1. The RFP anticipated the award of a cost-plus-fixed-fee level-of-effort contract [1] for a base year and four annual option periods [2] to the firm whose proposal offered the best value. Agency Report (AR) at 2; RFP at 10, L-2. [3] The RFP described the objectives of the long care contract as producing auditable financial statements each year by November 15, beginning with Fiscal Year 2014. After that, the thesis statement contractor will support the agency#146;s efforts to resolve audit issues, so that the agency is able to obtain an paper unqualified opinion on the ODNI financial statements by Fiscal Year 2016.

Statement of Work (SOW) at essays poor 3-4. The contract tasks were grouped into ada position long term care, nine areas: program management, financial analysis, internal controls and compliance, financial statements preparation support, process redesign and statement policies/procedures, training, documentation support, audit support, and long term preparation of essays in zen, written products. SOW at 5-9. Since the RFP stated that the CIA intended to award a cost-reimbursement level-of-effort contract, it provided that #147;the required level of effort for this requirement is fourteen (14) Full Time Equivalents [FTEs] for a period of one year (BASE) with options for an additional four years . . .#148; Id. at 4; RFP at term care 5. The SOW further allocated the 14 FTEs among three labor categories: program manager/senior technician (2 FTEs), financial support personnel (8 FTEs), and gce applied functional support specialist (4 FTEs). SOW at 10-11. The SOW established specific education and experience requirements for each labor category.

Id. The RFP directed offerors to submit proposals addressing, among other things, the firm#146;s technical approach, management approach, past performance, security, and cost/price. Ada Position Paper Term Care. RFP at L-3. Under the technical volume, the RFP directed offerors to provide a narrative description of the offeror#146;s approach, and to include resumes for #147;the proposed Project Manager, full time staff, and any other specialized staff the offeror believes might be required for backup.#148; RFP at L-5. For the management volume, the RFP directed each offeror to describe how its proposed team would be capable of performing the contract requirements, and also to describe the offeror#146;s ability to retain and recruit personnel consistent with the SOW. Id. With respect to the security requirements, the RFP directed offerors to describe the on biotechnology firm#146;s general approach to complying with the contract#146;s security requirements and to supply specific information about #147;each individual proposed employee,#148; including the individual#146;s full name, date of birth, social security number, background investigation and security clearance, and the date when the individual would begin work on ada position long term care, the contract. RFP at L-8. In the cost volume, the RFP directed offerors to provide a complete explanation of the basis for gce applied ict coursework their costs. The RFP provided that #147;ALL of the instructions for ada position term care the Cost/Price Volume apply to all Offerors, whether Prime or subcontractor.#148; RFP at L-9.

The instructions further directed offerors to provide cost or pricing data #147;from the prime and subcontractors,#148; and a basis of estimate for the offeror#146;s costs, including a breakdown of the underlying cost elements. RFP at L-9. Best Value Evaluation Scheme. The RFP provided that proposals would be evaluated under four factors: technical, management, past performance, and cost. RFP at M-2. The RFP explained that award would be made to the firm whose proposal provided the best value, with the technical factor more important than the management factor, which was, in turn, more important than the past performance factor. The cost factor was described as significantly less important than the other factors combined. RFP at M-2 to M-3. Under the on homosexuality technical factor, the RFP listed two subfactors: personnel qualifications and skills, and technical capability and ada position long understanding of the requirements. Id. Under the poor management factor, the RFP listed one subfactor: staffing and availability.

Id. There were no subfactors under the other evaluation factors. The RFP also established a fifth factor, security, to be evaluated on a pass/fail basis. Ada Position. The RFP stated that firms receiving a rating of #147;fail#148;, or whose security deficiencies were not correctable, would be eliminated from the competition. RFP at ict coursework M-3 to M-4. The security factor evaluation was to consider the ada position long term #147;clearance status of the proposed personnel,#148; among other things, and the RFP advised offerors that contractor personnel were required to hold a #147;current ODNI ISSA/TS [Industrial Security Staff Approval/Top Secret] clearance, or be eligible for on homosexuality immediate crossover.#148; RFP at paper long term M-4. The CIA received timely proposals from KPMG and Deloitte.

Both firms#146; initial proposals offered diminishing resources over the life of the contract; that is, each firm proposed either fewer personnel or less qualified personnel after an initial contract performance period. For example, KPMG#146;s initial proposal offered to provide 14 FTEs during the first [ deleted ]. Book. [4] Thereafter, the proposal stated that the firm anticipated that the services would be less complex, and KPMG proposed to ada position paper long term, reduce staffing for the [ deleted ]. AR Binder 2, Tab 4, KPMG Initial Management Proposal, at 3. Accident. Similarly, Deloitte#146;s proposal indicated that after the base performance period, it would #147;transition#148; to less experienced personnel. Supplemental (Supp.) AR Binder 3, Tab 3, Deloitte Final Proposal Revision, at 1. The CIA evaluated both proposals under the evaluation criteria using adjectival ratings of excellent, very good, satisfactory, marginal, or unacceptable. The initial technical and management evaluation ratings were as follows: 1. Personnel Quals Skills. 2. Technical Capability. Supp. AR Binder 3, Tab 8, Final Technical Management Evaluation Report, at 1. Following its evaluation of long, initial proposals, the gce applied CIA determined that both proposals had weaknesses that should be addressed prior to contract award. Ada Position Paper Care. Accordingly, the source selection authority established a competitive range and authorized discussions.

AR Binder 1, Tab 11, Competitive Range Determination, at 1. The CIA provided each offeror a written discussion letter. Essays On Biotechnology. For KPMG, the discussion letter advised the firm, among other issues, that its proposed staffing was unacceptable, stating: KPMG has failed to propose the required Fourteen (14) FTEs as mandated and has therefore failed to meet the requirements of the solicitation. As a result, the Government does not have a realistic cost estimate based on KPMG#146;s submission.

Resumes should be provided for all personnel proposed to perform over the lifespan of the term contract. AR Binder 1, Tab 12, Discussions Letter from essays on biotechnology CIA to paper, KPMG, at ict coursework 1. In discussions with Deloitte, the agency raised a similar concern with Deloitte#146;s proposal to long term care, #147;transition#148; to less qualified personnel after the ict coursework initial performance period, stating: Deloitte should either submit resumes for long term the less experienced personnel forecasted, or revise the cost proposal to reflect the thesis statement labor categories for paper term the resumes provided in essays in zen buddhism the initial proposal in order for the Cost and Technical/Management Teams to care, make a fair cost determination. Supp.

AR Binder 3, Tab 6, Discussions Letter from CIA to Deloitte, Jan. 13, 2012, at 1. The CIA also posed a question to Deloitte regarding the absence of pricing information for Deloitte#146;s subcontractors, stating that the people initial proposal was incomplete in that regard and ada position long term care requesting that Deloitte #147;submit all required information for subcontractors as specified in [RFP] Section L, [¶] 7.4.1.#148; Id. Submission of Final Proposal Revisions. In its final proposal revision (FPR), KPMG stated that it was eliminating the staff reductions initially proposed [ deleted ], and accident instead would be maintaining its staff at 14 FTEs for all years of contract performance. AR Binder 2, Tab 9, KPMG Final Management Proposal Revision, at 3; AR Binder 2, Tab 10, KPMG Final Cost Proposal Revision, at 9-11, 16. Additionally, KPMG provided resumes for all of its proposed personnel. AR Binder 2, Tab 9, KPMG Final Technical Approach Proposal Revision, at ada position paper long 5-6 app.

A, at pupil book A-1 to A-39; KPMG Final Management Proposal Revision, at 4-5. In contrast, Deloitte responded in its FPR that #147;it is ada position, very difficult to provide resumes of buddhism, specific individuals that we plan to transition into the contract.#148; Supp. AR Binder 3, Tab 5, Deloitte Final Technical Proposal Revision Cover Letter, at 1. Instead, Deloitte stated that it was #147;provid[ing] a representative resume for each labor category,#148; explaining that the resumes were submitted to reflect #147;the types of skills and ada position paper experience that we envision delivering in the out years.#148; Id. at essays 1-2. Deloitte#146;s final cost proposal revision included a complex explanation for its labor costs. The proposal stated that the ada position paper long term firm followed two practices for its proposed direct costs. First, for the [ deleted ] key personnel, Deloitte#146;s proposed costs were [ deleted ]. Essays About Poor. In contrast, for paper long term care the non-key personnel, Deloitte used #147;blended#148; rates, which were calculated as [ deleted ]. Supp. AR Binder 3, Tab 5, Deloitte Final Cost Proposal Revision, at VII-66 to VII-70. Deloitte explained that its blended rates were determined by dividing the range of direct labor rates for each labor category into [ deleted ] (consistent with the forward pricing rate recommendation [5] applicable to the company), and then selecting a [ deleted ]. Id. at thesis VII-70. Deloitte also stated that due to the RFP#146;s security clearance requirement, #147;the salaries necessary to attract such personnel are on the higher side of the long term care salary ranges in in zen the survey.#148; However, contrary to that assertion, for paper [ deleted ] of the [ deleted ] blended rates, Deloitte used only med school essays rates in the [ deleted ]. [6] Id.

These blended rates were then used by Deloitte to calculate its proposed costs for each year of contract performance. Supp. AR Binder 3, Tab 5, Deloitte Final Cost Proposal Revision, at VII-8 through VII-43. Deloitte also provided cost information for ada position paper long term its subcontractors, consisting of hourly labor rates. Supp. AR Binder 3, Tab 5, Deloitte Final Technical Proposal Revision Cover Letter, at 1; Supp.

AR Binder 3, Tab 5, Deloitte Final Cost Proposal, at VII-176 to VII-187k. Evaluation of Final Proposal Revisions. The CIA evaluated the FPRs and concluded that both of the final proposals eliminated the weaknesses the gce applied ict coursework agency identified during discussions. While the evaluators made no changes to KPMG#146;s ratings, they ultimately identified several strengths in the proposal. Specifically, the evaluators assigned two minor strengths to KPMG#146;s final proposal revision under the personnel qualifications subfactor: (1) that personnel proposed for ada position care the financial support personnel and the functional support specialist positions exceeded the minimum qualifications in all areas, and (2) that the program manager exceeded all minimum requirements.

The evaluators also identified a minor strength for KPMG under the technical capability subfactor for proposing a useful plan for a [ deleted ]. Under the management factor, the thesis statement on homosexuality evaluators identified as a significant strength KPMG#146;s comprehensive plan [ deleted ], and as a minor strength, KPMG#146;s plan for [ deleted ]. Supp. Paper. AR Binder 3, Tab 8, Final Technical Management Evaluation Report, at 6-7. The evaluators also identified several strengths in Deloitte#146;s final proposal revision. Under the essays about poor personnel qualifications subfactor, the evaluators assessed two major strengths for ada position paper long term Deloitte: (1) for ict coursework the qualifications of the proposed program manager and senior technician, because the strength of their resumes gave the evaluators confidence in ada position paper long term care the offeror#146;s ability to in zen buddhism, successfully achieve [ deleted ]; and (2) that all of the personnel proposed for the financial support personnel and functional support specialist positions exceeded the ada position paper term care minimum experience requirements, including [ deleted ]. Essays In Zen Buddhism. Id. at ada position paper term care 4. The evaluators identified no strengths for Deloitte under the technical approach subfactor, while under the management factor, the evaluators identified one major strength and one minor strength. Gce Applied Ict Coursework. The major strength was assessed because Deloitte#146;s management approach had been used to obtain [ deleted ], and long term the firm had [ deleted ]. The minor strength was that the firm had a solid approach to [ deleted ]. Id. at thesis on homosexuality 5. A cost evaluation team (CET) was assigned to assess the realism of the offerors#146; proposed costs.

The cost evaluators concluded that a most probable cost could not be determined for either firm, stating as follows: A most probable cost estimate was not done for either company. KPMG, LLP proposed . Ada Position. . . all fourteen personnel throughout the life of the contract making their proposal evaluation fairly straightforward. Deloitte#146;s pricing decreases in med school the option years due to ada position paper term care, their strategy of providing higher priced, higher qualified personnel in the early years of the effort . . . and accident report then replacing them with less expensive, but still qualified personnel in the later years. Deloitte does not provide an exact date when this will occur, but states that it will take place when #147;experience and innovation#148; allow them to transition personnel.

When the technical evaluation team . Ada Position Care. . . reviewed the representative resumes for proposed personnel who may be used in essays the out years, it gave them a high degree of confidence that their qualifications still exceeded the minimum asked for ada position long term in the SOW. Upon further review, this posed no issue when evaluating their proposal. AR Tab 16, CET Final Report, at thesis 4. The CET report then made identical brief statements that each offeror#146;s proposed costs were realistic because they were consistent with the firm#146;s technical proposal, and were #147;consistent with the Government Cost Estimate.#148; [7] Id. at 5 (KPMG) 7 (Deloitte). An auditor#146;s notes, which were attached to paper long, the cost evaluation report, contained specific concerns regarding Deloitte#146;s final cost proposal revision. Among these was the concern that Deloitte failed to provide cost or pricing data for the firm#146;s subcontractors, as required by on biotechnology, both RFP ¶ L.7.3 and the agency#146;s discussion questions. Id. at care 10. [8] The auditor#146;s notes also observed that, although Deloitte#146;s pricing decreased in the option years by transitioning personnel to lower-cost replacement staff, Deloitte does not provide an essays exact date when this will occur, but states that it will take place when #145;experience and innovation#146; allow them to transition personnel. As such the decrease in pricing is not assured as it is based on ada position paper term care, an intangible occurrence. The auditor concluded that there was #147;[n]o reasoning to compute a [most probable cost]#148; and about therefore the most probable cost was each offeror#146;s #147;actual costs.#148; Id.

The auditor further observed that a comparison of the offerors#146; labor rates to publicly available data was #147;problematic#148; because available data was dated, and was not based on a survey of rates for long term care personnel with security clearances. Finally, the auditor suggested that a comparison of rates between the two offerors would be more relevant, but observed that there were significant rate differences between the statement two proposals which were #147;attributable largely to Deloitte#146;s proposal strategy.#148; In conclusion, the auditor simply noted that the total proposed costs for both firms were lower than the government estimate. [9] Id. at 10. The source selection decision listed the final evaluation results as follows: 1. Personnel Quals./Skills. 2. Technical Capability. AR Binder 1, Tab 18, Source Selection Decision, at 2-3.

Source Selection Decision. In reviewing the long evaluation results, the source selection authority noted the on biotechnology excellence of KPMG#146;s staffing at the program manager position, and the capabilities of Deloitte#146;s senior technician and the staff proposed for its financial support personnel positions. Id. at 3. The selection authority then repeated the CET evaluation of Deloitte#146;s costs, noting that the firm had proposed to replace the paper long care original staff with less experienced, less expensive personnel, and that Deloitte had described this transition as dependent on the firm#146;s #147;experience and innovation.#148; Despite this observation, the selection authority reiterated the CET#146;s view that this presented #147;no issue#148; for evaluation. Id. at 4. The selection decision then addressed which firm#146;s proposal offered the poor best value. The selection authority observed that Deloitte had received slightly higher evaluation ratings than KPMG; he also stated that while KPMG had #147;several strengths [for particular labor categories] and a slightly better Technical Approach,#148; Deloitte#146;s proposal had more important strengths, #147;particularly . . . in the most heavily-weighted Personnel Qualifications and Skills [sub]factor,#148; that would be #147;more beneficial to the program.#148; Id. Ada Position Paper Long Term. While noting that the cost factor was less important, the selection authority concluded that Deloitte#146;s proposal offered a significant cost savings compared to KPMG#146;s proposal. Id. at 5. Based on those conclusions, the selection authority chose Deloitte for gce applied ict coursework award. Id. This protest followed. While KPMG raises various allegations, our decision focuses on two, which we conclude have merit and were prejudicial to KPMG.

First, the CIA misled KPMG during discussions by informing it that the firm should provide resumes for all personnel for the lifespan of the ada position long care contract, yet subsequently declined to buddhism, hold Deloitte to the same standard. As discussed below, this difference in approach required KPMG to base its costs on specific highly-trained personnel who had obtained security clearances, while Deloitte was permitted to estimate lower costs after the base period for personnel not yet identified--but presumed to be less costly than the personnel Deloitte would use for ada position care the base period. Second, the CIA conducted a cursory and pupil accident report inadequate cost realism analysis, failed to assess whether either offeror#146;s cost approach corresponded to ada position paper long term care, its technical approach, and failed to thesis, reasonably assess a most probable cost for either offeror. [10] KPMG first notes that, consistent with the RFP requirement that offerors #147;must include a professional resume#148; for all proposed personnel, RFP at L-5, the CIA instructed KPMG during discussions that it must propose 14 FTEs in each contract year, and that #147;[r]esumes should be provided for all personnel proposed to perform over the lifespan of the contract.#148; AR Binder 1, Tab 12, Discussions Letter from CIA to KPMG, at 1. As quoted above, KPMG notes that the CIA#146;s discussions with Deloitte provided essentially the ada position paper care same instruction (#147;Deloitte should either submit resumes for the less experienced personnel forecasted, or revise the cost proposal to reflect the labor categories for the resumes provided . About. . .#148;). Supp. Ada Position Paper. AR Binder 3, Tab 6, Discussions Letter from CIA to Deloitte, Jan. 13, 2012, at 1. Yet, the agency thereafter found Deloitte#146;s submission of a single #147;representative resume#148; for each of the three labor categories to be acceptable. On this record, KPMG argues that it was misled by the agency during discussions and/or subsequently treated unequally, because although KPMG complied with the agency#146;s direction, Deloitte did not--and, indeed, Deloitte#146;s noncompliance formed the basis for effectively lowering its evaluated costs. The CIA responds that the RFP did not require resumes for employees that were proposed to perform beyond the initial performance period, that the agency#146;s discussions question to KPMG did not reflect a mandatory requirement, and that KPMG bears the responsibility for its voluntary decision to submit resumes of existing employees for the full term of the contract.

CIA Response to Third Supplemental Protest, at 4-6. The CIA further asserts that, even if the RFP, or the thesis statement agency#146;s discussions, required KPMG#146;s submission of additional resumes, the agency could waive the requirement, and if it has done so here, the agency#146;s actions did not prejudice KPMG. We disagree. In negotiated procurements, whenever discussions are conducted by an agency, they are required to be meaningful, equitable, and not misleading. Metro Mach. Ada Position. Corp. , B-295744, B-295744.2, Apr. 21, 2005, 2005 CPD ¶ 112 at 19.

In conducting discussions with offerors, agency personnel also may not engage in essays on biotechnology conduct that favors one offeror over another. FAR § 15.306(e)(1). Thus, agencies may not engage in paper long term care what amounts to disparate treatment of the competing offerors. Front Line Apparel Group , B-295989, June 1, 2005, 2005 CPD ¶ 116 at 3-4. Where the manner in which an agency communicates with an offeror during discussions misleads an offeror into responding in a way that does not address the agency#146;s concerns, the discussions are inadequate. Metro Mach. Corp. , B-281872 et al. , Apr. 22, 1999, 99-1 CPD ¶ 101 at 6-7. Thus, for example, where an statement on homosexuality agency advises an long term offeror in essays buddhism discussions to revise its proposal in a way that does not reflect the agency#146;s evaluation, the discussions are misleading. SeKON Enter., Inc.; Signature Consulting Group , B-405921, B-405921.2, Jan.

17, 2012, 2012 CPD ¶ 26 at 7 (protest sustained where agency discussions advising protester to increase staffing level were not based on initial evaluation, and agency gave no consideration to increased staffing level in evaluation of revised proposal). Here, as discussed above, the agency clearly advised KPMG that it #147;should#148; provide personnel resumes #147;for all personnel proposed to perform over ada position paper term care, the lifespan of the contract.#148; In the context of the CIA#146;s current position that the RFP did not require submission of resumes for ict coursework personnel that were proposed to perform beyond the initial performance period, the agency#146;s discussions with KPMG were clearly misleading. [11] Further, in cases such as this, we need not establish with certainty what the protester#146;s approach would have been if the discussions had been meaningful; rather, a protester#146;s reasonable assertion of ada position paper long, a claim that it could have improved its competitive position is sufficient to demonstrate prejudice. Hughes STX Corp. , B-278466, Feb. 2, 1998, 98-1 CPD ¶ 52 at helping 11. In this regard, KPMG has reasonably maintained that the agency#146;s misleading discussions precluded the firm from proposing its own cost-saving approach. See Second Supp. Protest (Mar. Paper. 26, 2012) at 20-22; Third Supp.

Protest (Apr. 16, 2012) at 24, 31. We find this sufficient to essays in zen, establish prejudice. Ada Position Paper Care. Accordingly, we sustain the protest on this basis. Inadequate Cost Realism Analysis. KPMG also argues that the CIA failed to conduct a reasonable cost realism analysis as required by the RFP and, instead, accepted the offerors#146; proposed costs without any meaningful analysis. Med School Essays. Protest at 38; First Supplemental (Supp.) Protest at 5-8.

Upon reviewing Deloitte#146;s proposal under the terms of our Office#146;s protective order, KPMG argued that the evaluators apparently failed to long term care, recognize several anomalies in Deloitte#146;s cost proposal. For example, KPMG contends that Deloitte#146;s cost proposal was based on essays, less-well-qualified replacement personnel beginning at the first option year, in February 2013; that Deloitte#146;s cost proposal used labor costs for paper long term a subcontractor that were not based on the rate in the subcontractor#146;s accompanying cost proposal; and that Deloitte#146;s own labor costs were not based on specific personnel, but instead reflected [ deleted ] rates for personnel--apparently without security clearances. Thesis. Second Supp. Protest at 16, 38-51; Third Supp. Protest at 23-26 46-53; Protester#146;s Final Comments, at 5-15. KPMG further notes that, to the extent the CIA evaluators performed any cost realism analysis on Deloitte#146;s proposal, they expressed the view that Deloitte#146;s cost savings were #147;not assured#148; and #147;intangible.#148; Under these circumstances, KPMG argues that Deloitte#146;s proposed cost could not provide a reasonable basis for the source selection decision here. Second Supp. Protest at 38-42. Ada Position Term Care. We agree.

When an essays helping poor agency evaluates proposals for the award of a cost-reimbursement contract, an offeror#146;s proposed costs are not controlling since such costs may not accurately reflect the actual costs the government will incur. FAR § 15.404-1(d). Ada Position Care. While, in conducting an adequate cost analysis, an agency is not required to verify each and every variable, it must reasonably consider the extent to which the costs reflected in the offeror#146;s technical approach reflect what the contract should cost, assuming reasonable economy and efficiency. Thesis. ATLIS Fed. Servs., Inc. , B-275065.2, B-275065.3, Feb.

12, 1997, 97-1 CPD ¶ 84 at 8, 10. In this regard, we will review an agency#146;s judgment to see that the agency#146;s cost realism evaluation was reasonable, not arbitrary, and adequately documented. Ada Position Paper Care. Honeywell Tech. Solutions, Inc. Essays Helping People. , B-400771, B-400771.2, Jan. 27, 2009, 2009 CPD ¶ 49 at 17; Jacobs COGEMA, LLC , B-290125.2, B-290125.3, Dec. 18, 2002, 2003 CPD ¶ 16 at 26.

Thus, we will sustain a protest where the cost realism analysis was not adequately documented. E.g. , National City Bank , B-287608.3, Aug. 7, 2002, 2002 CPD ¶ 190 at 12-13 (record lacked documentation that technical evaluation board had considered whether awardee#146;s proposed staffing reductions realistically conformed to its technical approach). Here, the CIA asserts that it only needed to consider the realism of the offerors#146; rates, and that it did so. The CIA further maintains that the evaluators#146; statement that Deloitte#146;s lower costs were #147;not assured#148; and #147;intangible#148; did not mean that they were unrealistic.

Supp. AR (Apr. 5, 2012) at 12-15. The CIA also argues that Deloitte#146;s proposed blended direct labor cost rates were permitted by the RFP and were, therefore, realistic. Second Supp. AR (Apr. 24, 2012) at 17-20. Finally, in response to KPMG#146;s challenge that the cost evaluation failed to detect that Deloitte had used lower rates for a subcontractor than the subcontractor itself proposed, the CIA argues that the error is insignificant. Id. at 20-21. In our view, the record here reflects no meaningful agency consideration of ada position paper term care, when--or if--Deloitte#146;s proposal to #147;transition#148; to less experienced personnel, and the cost reductions associated with that approach, would actually occur.

To the contrary, the agency expressly acknowledged that this critical event is #147;not assured#148; and ict coursework #147;intangible#148; and, because of that, #147;a most probable cost estimate was not done.#148; AR, Tab 16, CET Final Report, at 4. Not only did the agency bypass this issue, but the record indicates that the technical evaluators merely concluded that Deloitte#146;s staffing approach #147;posed no issue,#148; and long term that the cost evaluators #147;took no exception#148; to either offeror#146;s direct, indirect, overhead, and general and administrative costs. AR Binder 1, Tab 17, Source Selection Evaluation Board Report, at 3; AR Binder 1, Tab 18, Source Selection Decision, at pupil accident book 4. In short, the agency failed to paper, provide any reasonable basis for estimating the probable costs it will incur under the contract it awarded--a prerequisite to the award of essays, every cost-reimbursement contract by the federal government. Ada Position Paper Long Term. See Advanced Research Projects Agency--Recon. , B-259479.3, July 18, 1995, 95-2 CPD ¶ 26 at 4; see also FAR § 15.404-1(d)(2). In light of the clear impact on projected costs of on homosexuality, Deloitte#146;s approach to paper care, performing this contract, as well as the agency#146;s misleading discussions with KPMG regarding its staffing approach, we find the agency#146;s documentation purporting to support its cost evaluation to be inadequate. Accordingly, we sustain the protest on this basis.

We recommend that the CIA reopen the record; perform a reasonable cost realism analysis regarding the existing proposals; and hold meaningful discussions with both offerors. During discussions, the in zen agency should identify any concerns about the ada position care realism of the proposed costs, and clarify whether resumes are required for helping poor all personnel over the life of the contract. Paper Care. (We think that clarifying the agency#146;s position on resumes is statement on homosexuality, particularly important since the agency indicated to KPMG during discussions that resumes were required, waived the requirement for ada position paper term Deloitte, and argued here that resumes were not required.) Following the conclusion of on homosexuality, discussions, the paper long care CIA should request a new round of accident report book, final proposals, evaluate them (including assessing cost realism), and make a new source selection decision. If KPMG is selected for award, we recommend that the contract awarded to Deloitte be terminated. Finally, we recommend that the CIA reimburse KPMG#146;s costs of filing and ada position term care pursuing its protest. 4 C.F.R. Ict Coursework. § 21.8(d)(1). Ada Position Paper. KPMG#146;s certified claim for costs, detailing the accident report time expended and paper long costs incurred, must be submitted to buddhism, the CIA within 60 days after this decision. 4 C.F.R. § 21.8(f)(1).

The protest is paper long, sustained. [1] See generally Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) §§ 16.306(d)(2), (4). [2] The base contract period was to run from February 1, 2012, to January 31, 2013, and med school similarly for each of the four option years. RFP at 9. [3] Both sections L and M of the RFP were page numbered separately. To avoid ambiguity, our citations to long, pages in those sections will be #147;L-[page number]#148; (as above) or #147;M-[page number],#148; respectively. [4] Specifically, KPMG#146;s proposal provided resumes for [ deleted ], whose efforts provided a total of statement on homosexuality, 14 FTEs during [ deleted ]. See Agency Report (AR) Binder 2, Tab 3, KPMG Initial Technical Proposal, appx. A, at A-1 to A-33. [5] A forward pricing rate recommendation is defined as #147;a rate set unilaterally by the administrative contracting officer for use by the Government in paper long term negotiations or other contract actions when forward pricing rate agreement negotiations have not been completed or when the contractor will not agree to a forward pricing rate agreement.#148; FAR § 2.101. [6] Specifically, [ deleted ] was factored into only one labor category, while the [ deleted ] was not used in any of the labor categories. Id.

[7] The government estimate comparison in statement the record compares each offeror#146;s total annual proposed cost to a single total annual government estimate for each year. Id. at 9. The record contains no more detailed government estimate. [8] Since the long attached auditor#146;s notes are not numbered, we have continued the essays numbering from the cost evaluation report, in order to cite to the notes. [9] As noted above the government estimate in the record consists of annual amounts. It appears this statement refers to the total 5-year cost estimate. [10] We do not address several of KPMG#146;s arguments because correcting the errors identified above will require the ada position CIA to pupil report, conduct meaningful discussions, obtain revised proposals, evaluate the ada position long term care revised proposals, and perform an appropriate cost realism analysis. During the course of this protest, the CIA and Deloitte sought dismissal of on homosexuality, certain issues. After considering the parties#146; arguments, we informed the parties that two of KPMG#146;s assertions would be dismissed as follows: (1) the assertion that the agency improperly required KPMG to propose 14 FTEs during each year of contract performance is dismissed as an untimely challenge to the terms of the RFP; and, (2) KPMG#146;s challenges to the agency#146;s ratings assigned to Deloitte#146;s proposal under the two technical subfactors (which KPMG argued were inherently inconsistent) are dismissed as speculative and paper long term lacking a sufficient factual basis. 4 C.F.R. Essays About Poor People. §§ 21.2(a)(1), (f) (2012). [11] The CIA#146;s assertion, that its use of the word #147;should#148; did not convey a mandatory requirement, is wholly unpersuasive. In the context of the discussions at issue, a reasonable offeror would understand that the term agency#146;s discussions established a duty; that is, if KPMG wished to essays in zen buddhism, be considered compliant with the RFP, it was required to submit resumes for all proposed personnel for all 5 years of contract performance.

As we have noted previously, terms like #147;may#148; and long term #147;should#148; are capable of about helping poor, expressing a mandate. USIA Underwater Equip. Sales Corp. , B-292827.2, Jan. 30, 2004, 2004 CPD ¶ 32 at ada position long 4 (solicitation statement that offered item #147;should#148; meet particular standards was a statement of a mandatory term, thus protester#146;s proposal was properly rejected as unacceptable). We deny the protest. We grant the request. We deny the protest. We dismiss the on biotechnology protests as untimely.

We deny the request for ada position paper care reconsideration. We sustain the protest in part and deny the protest in part. We deny the protest. We dismiss the protest. We dismiss the protests. Looking for more? Browse all our products here.

GAO's Office of General Counsel issues legal decisions, opinions, and reports on bid protests, appropriations law, and other issues of federal law.

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An Analysis of Walt Whitman#x27;s Song of Myself Essay. Ada Position Paper Long Term? `Whitman was always asking questions. He believed that life's goal or cause was a mystery. He was surrounded by people who were drawing distinct lines between right and wrong, rejecting the things in the universe that were not a direct ticket to holiness. Whitman, unlike his contemporaries, embraced the beauty of everything. Pupil? His mystical perception of the term world ushered in the idea that God was to be found in every thing, and that He could never be fully understood. Med School? I think that section six of Song of Myself captures Whitman's quest for knowing, and his idea that our perceptions of what is, only scratch the surface. Essay on Walt Whitman#x27;s Song of Myself. lies there, quite close, but it cannot be assimilated. It beseeches, worries, and fascinates desire, which, nevertheless, does not let itself be seduced.[1] The strange elegance of this specter looms in the relief, in the archaic layers of paper long Song of Myself.

It is beyond the foregrounded inversive space--at times utopic and sublime, the space is permeated with universal brotherhood, happiness, the compelled-sentimental-- that I attempt to delve into, that source from which generates the repulsive Walt Whitman#x27;s Song of med school essays Myself Essay. Another example of Whitman's comparison of grass to humans is term, when he says, “It may be you transpire from the med school breasts of young men, / It may be you are from old people, or from paper long term offspring taken,” (20, 21). Essays? Grasses all start out as a seed and will not grow unless its owner takes care of it. This can refer to humans as well since babies cannot take care of themselves and must rely on adults to grow and paper term care, develop. This cycle of life is repeated for essays about people generations to ada position term care come as seen in lines 23 and 24 where Whitman Essay Choosing Sides in Walt Whitman#x27;s Song of Myself. The suggestions of equality between all people are not blatant and are not abundant in “Song of Myself” but they do exist, showing that Whitman was not as neutral as most readers are led to believe. He believed in equality. Poor? Whitman uses the grass as a metaphor to ada position care imply that all people are connected.

Whitman uses the report book grass to represent things he cannot explicitly name. Ada Position Paper? People are all different, individual, but the blades function together. Everyone is needed to make up the grass; one blade cannot References to Homosexuality in Walt Whitman#x27;s Song of thesis statement Myself. 284). Ok. So those are the facts.

Now let's examine Song Of Myself and Whitman with greater detail. There are several sections in this poem that enhance our knowledge on the stand Whitman is taking toward his body and sexuality. He begins in Section 4 with a reflection on the Real Person. Or what he views as Real. He states, The real or fancied indifference of some man or woman I love. This stanza depicts Whitman's view on sexuality and on equality. He obviously, in this stanza Individuality And Free Verse in Walt Whitman#x27;s Song of Myself. Also notable was the absence of any note on the cover identifying Walt Whitman as the author. Instead, engraved on the front is a portrait of paper long Whitman, hat cocked, nonchalant and intimately personal. In his preface, Whitman heralds the coming of a new democratic literature, one that forms a commensurate with the people (preface).

Whitman saw his poetry not only as a creation of the self, but indeed a piece of the self and a reflection of pupil American society as a whole (Mulcaire 471). Whitman purposely Defining the Soul in Walt Whitman#x27;s Song of Myself Essay. writes that he, as a poet, represents the body and paper long care, that he is the poet of the soul (Lauter, p.2759). In other words, his poetry represents the gce applied body and the soul, but since we are more interested in the soul, we will focus on that. Remember, also, Whitman's poetry is often contradictory. He says in long the following lines, The pleasures of heaven are with me, and the pains of hell are with me (Lauter, p. 2759). I believe what Whitman is saying here is gce applied ict coursework, that his soul includes both pleasure and pain. Paper Long Term? Poetic Tools Describe Life in in zen buddhism Walt Whitman#x27;s Song of Myself Essay. Paper? Perhaps this is thesis, Whitman's own way of saying to his audience pay attention, for although I am speaking of paper care myself I speak for you too, so this is important, and applies to your life as well.

Continuing on he claims to strip away what is known, and launch all men and women forward with me into the unknown. This statement serves as if to say to the audience forget what you know, and what you have been taught. I have something new and important to tell you, so open your mind and use your imagination Individuality in Whitman#x27;s Song of Myself Essay. after me, and on homosexuality, am not stuck up, and am in my place (2756). Whitman feels that he has explored the world and the options around him and now has found his place. He knows his inner self and it has guided him to the place he needs to be. Whitman's ideas of individuality have totally transformed from the ideas of his predecessors.

Benjamin Franklin's idea of being an individual consisted of hard labor, good-standing character, and paper care, faith in God. Franklin was a hard worker who had toiled and A Comparison of Whitman’s Song of Myself with Ginsberg’s Howl. ‘catalogues’ of both “Song of Myself” and “Howl” (Moritz 6). The element of similarity is evident not only in the form but content and style as well (Monforton par. 2). Whitman’s speaker speaks in accident report the voice of first person. Comparing Ginsberg with Whitman, he is possessed by Whitman who uses the personal pronoun ‘I’ more often, culminating in the hug between the body and soul, town and country, sexuality and paper long, spirituality, and science and mysticism – all-pervasive but Whitman’s ‘I’ is not completely

Song of Myself by Walt Whitmas Essay. in statement Baudelaire’s words be like “a kaleidoscope gifted with consciousness”. In section forty-two he writes: “I know perfectly well my own egotism, And know my omnivorous words, and cannot say any less. And would fetch you whoever you are flush with myself.” (44) Here he is making it known that he is mindful of who he is and what he is saying. This is an ada position aspect that most ordinary people lack, but flaneurs do not. Essays? Flaneurs, like Whitman, know how to conduct themselves in society and are present in all

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Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 7677-7679. (148) Porel, M.; Ottaviani, M. F.; Jockusch, S.;Jayaraj, N.; Turro, N. J.; Ramamurthy, V.: Suppression of spin-spin coupling innitroxyl biradicals by pupil report supramolecular host-guest interactions. Chem.Commun. 2010, 46,7736-7738. (147) Jockusch,S.; Zeika, O.; Jayaraj, N.; Ramamurthy, V.; Turro, N. Ada Position Paper Care. J.: ElectronSpin Polarization Transfer from a Nitroxide Incarcerated within a Nanocapsuleto a Nitroxide in the Bulk Aqueous Solution J. Phys.

Chem. Lett.2010,1, 2628-2632. (145) Yagci,Y.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.: Photoinitiated polymerization: Advances, challenges and opportunities Macromolecules, 2010, 43,6245-6260. (144)Sundaresan, A. K.; Jockusch, S.; Li, Y, Lanchester, J. R.; Banik, S.;Zimmerman, P.; Blackwell, J. M.; Bristol, R.; Turro, N. J.; Adiabatic RingOpening in Tethered Naphthalene and Anthracene Cycloadducts Photochem.Photobiol. Sci. 2010, 9, 1082-1084. (143) Da Silva,Jose P.; Jockusch, S.; Martinho, J. Med School Essays. M. G.; Ottaviani, M. F.; Turro, N. J.: Photochemistryof 4-chlorophenol and long term care 4-chloroanisole adsorbed on buddhism MFI zeolites: supramolecular control of chemioselectivityand reactive intermediate dynamics. Org. Paper Care. Lett. 2010, 12, 3062-3065.

(142) Jayaraj, N.; Maddipatla, M. V.S. N.; Prabhakar, R.; Jockusch, S.;Turro, N. J.; Ramamurthy, V.: A closed nano-containerenables thioketones to phosphoresce at room temperature in pupil, aqueous solutionJ. Phys. Chem. B,2010, 114,14320-14328. (141) Kulasekharan, R.; Jayaraj, N.;Porel, M.; Choudhury, R.; Sundaresan,A. K.; Parthasarathy, A.; Ottaviani, M. Long Care. F.; Jockusch, S.;Turro, N. J.; Ramamurthy, V.: Guest rotation within a capsuleplexprobed by NMR and EPR techniques.

Langmuir,2010, 26,6943-6953. (140) Solomon,M. R.; Sivaguru, J.; Jockusch, S. Med School Essays. Adam, W.; Turro, N. J.: Decodingstereocontrol during photooxygenation of oxazolidinone-functionalizedenecarbamates. Ada Position Paper Long. Org. Lett., 2010, 12, 2142-2145.

(139) Li, Y.; Lei, X.; Jockusch, S.;Chen, J. Y.-C.; Frunzi, M.; Johnson, J. A.; Lawler, R. G.; Murata, Y.; Murata,M.; Komatsu, K.; Turro, N. Med School Essays. J.: Amagnetic switch for spin-catalyzed interconversion of nuclear spinisomers. J.Am. Paper Long. Chem. Essays On Biotechnology. Soc. 2010,132,4042-4043. (138) Turro, N. J.; Chen, J. Y.-C.; Sartori, E.; Ruzzi, M.; Marti, A.; Lawler, R.; Jockusch,S.; Lopez-Gejo, J.; Komatsu, K.; Murata, Y: The spin chemistry and magnetic resonance of H2@C60. From the Pauli principle to trapping a longlived nuclear excited spin state inside a buckyball. Acc.Chem. Res., 2010, 43, 335-345. (137) Jyotsna, T.; Kumar, C. V.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N.J.: Steady-state and time-resolvedstudies of the photocleavage of ada position paper lysozyme by Co(III) complexes Langmuir, 2010, 26, 1966-1972. (136) Jung, N.;Kim, N.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.; Kim, P.; Brus, L.:Charge transfer chemical doping of few layergraphenes:Charge distribution and bandgap formation.Nanoletters, 2009, 9,4133-4137.(135) Maliakal,A.

J.; Chen, J. Y.-C.; So, W.-Y.; Jockusch, S.; Kim, B.; Ottaviani, M. F.;Modelli, A.; Turro, N. J.; Nuckolls, C.; Ramirez, A. On Biotechnology. P.:Mechanism for oxygen-enhancedphotoconductivity in rubrene: electron transfer doping.Chem. Mater. 2009, 21, 5519-5526. (134) Mammana,A.; Pescitelli, G.; Asakawa, T.; Jockusch, S.; Petrovic, A. G.; Monaco, R. R.;Purrello, R.; Turro, N. J.; Nakanishi, K.; Ellestad, G. A.; Balaz, M.; Berova,N.Role of environmental factors on thestructure and spectroscopic response of 5'-porphyrin-DNA conjugates caused bychanges in porphyrin-porphyrin interactions.Chem. Eur. J. Paper Long Care. 2009, 15, 11853-11866. (133) Karasu, F.;Arsu, N.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.:Mechanistic studies of photoinitiated Free radical polymerization usinga bifunctional thioxanthone acetic acid derivative as photoinitiator.Macromolecules, 2009, 42, 7318-7323. (132) Moser, S.;Mueller, T.; Holzinger, A.; Luetz, C.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. On Biotechnology. J.; Kraeutler,B.Fluorescent chlorophyll. catabolitesin bananas light up blue halos of cell death.Proc. Nat. Acad.

Sci. USA, 2009, 106, 15538-15543. (131) Jayaraj,N.; Porel, M.; Ottaviani, M. F.; Maddipatla, M. Long Term Care. V. S. Essays Buddhism. N.; Modelli, A.; DaSilva, J. Paper Long Care. P.; Bhogala, B. R.; Captain, B.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.;Ramamurthy, V.:Self aggregation ofsupramolecules of gce applied ict coursework nitroxides@cucurbit[8]uril revealed by EPR spectra.Langmuir, 2009, 25, 13820-13832. (130) Gu, X.;Berro, A. J.; Cho, Y.; Jen, K.; Lee, S.; Ngai, T.; Ogata, T.; Durand, W. J.;Sundaresan, A.; Lancaster, J. R.; Jockusch, S.; Zimmerman, P.; Turro, N. J.;Willson, C. G.:Fundamental study ofoptical threshold layer approach towards double exposure lithography.Proc. of SPIE, 2009, 7273, 72731C. (129) Berro, A.J.; Gu, X.; O'Connor, N.; Jockusch, S.; Nagai, T.; Ogata, T.; Zimmerman, P.;Rice, B. J.; Adolph, E.; Byargeon, T.; Gonzalez, J.; Turro, N. J.; Willson, C.G.:Optical threshold layer andintermediate state two-photon PAG approaches to double exposure lithography.Proc. of SPIE, 2009, 7273, 72731B. (128) Costner, E.A.; Long, B. K.; Navar, C.; Jockusch, S. Lei, X.; Zimmerman, P.; Turro, N. J.;Willson, C. G.:Fundamental opticalproperties of linear and cyclic alkanes:VUV absorbance and index of refraction.J. Phys. Chem. A, 2009, 113, 9337-9347. (127) Solomon, M.R.; Saito, H.; Sivaguru, J.; Jockusch, S.; Inoue, Y.; Adam, W.; Turro, N.J.:Isolation and syn elimination of aPeterson adduct to obtain optically pure product in the diastereoselectivesynthesis of oxazolidinone-functionalized enecarbamates.

Lett. Org. Chem.2009, 6, 362-366. (126) Solomon, M.R.; Sivaguru, J.; Jockusch, S. Adam, W.; Turro, N. J.: Physical and chemicalquenching rates and its influence on paper long care stereoselective photooxygenation ofoxazolidinone-functionalized enecarbamates.Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2009, 8, 912-915. (125) Lau, K. S.F.; Zhao, S.; Ryppa, C.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.; Zeller, M.; Gouterman, M.;Khalil, G. E.; Brueckner, C.: Synthesis, structure and optical properties ofpalladium(II) complexes of indaphyrin and accident thiaindaphyrin.Inorg. Chem. 2009, 48, 4067-4074. (124) Da Silva,Jose P.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.: Probing the photoreactivity of ada position long term acylchlorides with oxygen.Photochem.Photobiol.

Sci. 2009, 8, 210-216. (123) Jockusch, S.,Turro, N. J.; Mitsukami, Y.; Matsumoto, M.; Iwamura, T.; Lindner, T.; Flohr, A;di Massimo, G.: Photoinduced surface crosslinking of super absorbent polymerparticles.J. Appl. Polym. Sci, 2009,111, 2163-2170. (122)O'Connor, N.A.; Adam, J. B.; Lancaster, J. R.; Xinyu, G.; Jockusch, S.; Tomoki, N; Ogata,T.; Lee, S.; Zimmerman, P.; Willson, C. G.; Turro, N. J.:Towards the design of a sequential twophoton photoacid generator for double exposure photolithography.Chem. Mater., 2008, 20, 7374-7376.

(121)Lancaster, J.R.; Marti, A. A.; Lopez-Gejo, J.; Jockusch, S.; O'Connor, N.; Turro, N. J.:Nonradiative deactivation of thesis statement on homosexuality singlet oxygen (1O2) by long cubane and itsderivatives.Org. Lett. 2008, 10, 5509-5512. (120)Moser, S.;Mueller, T.; Ebert, M.-O.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.; Kraeutler, B.:Blue Luminescence of essays helping Ripening Bananas.Angew. Chem.

2008, 120, 9087-9091; Angew.Chem. Int. Ed. 2008, 47, 8954-8957. (119)Turro, N. J.;Marti, A. A.; Chen, J. Y.-C.; Jockusch, S.; Lawler, R. G.; Ruzzi, M.; Sartori,E.; Chuang, S.-C.; Komatsu, K.; Murata, Y.:Demonstration of paper long term a Chemical Transformation Inside a Fullerene.The Reversible Conversion of the Allotropesof H2@C60.J.

Am. Chem. Soc. 2008,130, 10506-10507. (118)Chen, J.Y.-C.; Jayaraja, N.; Jockusch, S.; Ottaviani, M. F.; Ramamurthy, V.; Turro, N.J.:EPR and NMR study of on biotechnology supramoleculareffects on paramagnetic interaction between a nitroxide incarcerated within ananocapsule with a nitroxide in bulk aqueous media.J. Am. Paper Long Term. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 7206-7207. (117)Keskin, S.;Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.; Arsu, N.: 2-Mercaptothioxanthone as sensitizer andco-initiator for acylphosphine oxide photoinitiators for essays in zen free radical polymerization.Macromolecules 2008, 41, 4631-4634.

(116)Chin, K. K.;Trevithick-Sutton, C. Paper Long Care. C.; McCallum, J.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. Essays Helping. J.; Scaiano, J.C.; Foote, C. S.; Garcia-Garibay, M. A.:Quantitative detection of singlet oxygen generated by excited statearomatic amino acids, proteins, and immunoglobulins.J. Paper. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 6912-6913. (115)Solomon, M.R.; Sivaguru, J.; Jockusch, S.; Adam, W.; Turro, N. Thesis Statement. J.:Vibrational deactivation of singlet oxygen:does it play a role in stereoselectivity during photooxygenation? Photochem.Photobiol. Sci., 2008, 7, 531-533. (114)Lei, X.-G.;Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.; Tomalia, D. A.; Ottaviani, M. F.: EPRcharacterization of ada position long gadolinium(III)-containing-PAMAM-dendrimers in the absenceand the presence of paramagnetic probes. J. Coll. Interf.

Sci., 2008, 322,457-464. (113)Kim, S. Essays. R.;Jockusch, S.; Itagaki, Y.; Turro, N. J.; Sparrow, J. R.:Mechanisms involved in A2E oxidation.Exp. Ada Position Long. Eye Res., 2008, 86, 975-982. (112)He, G. S.;Qin, H.-Y.; Zheng, Q.; Prasad, P. N.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.; Halim, M.;Sames, D.; Ågren, H.; He, S.: Dynamic properties and med school essays optical phase conjugationof two-photon pumped ultrashort blue stimulated emission in ada position paper long term care, a chromophoresolutionPhys. Rev. A, 2008, 77,013824. (111)Tasdelen, M.A.; Kumbaraci, V.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.; Talinli, N.; Yagci, Y.:Photoacid generation by helping poor people stepwise two-photonabsorption:Photoinitiated cationicpolymerization of cyclohexene oxide by ada position paper care using benzodioxinone in the presence ofiodonium salt.Macromolecules, 2008,41, 295-297.

(110)Wakata, A.;Cahill, S. M.; Blumenstein, M.; Gunby, R. H.; Jockusch, S.; Marti, A. A.;Cimbro, B.; Gambacorti-Passerini, C.; Donella-Deana, A.; Pinna, L. A.; Turro,N. J.; Lawrence, D. Essays. S.: A Mechanistic Design Principle for Protein TyrosineKinase Sensors: Application to a Validated Cancer Target Org. Lett., 2008, 10,301-304. (109)Sivaguru, J.;Solomon, M. R.; Poon, T,; Jockusch, S.; Bosio, S. G.; Adam, W.; Turro, N. J.:The reaction of ada position paper long term singlet oxygen with enecarbamates: a mechanistic playgroundfor investigating chemoselectivity, stereoselectivity and vibratioselectivityof photooxidationsAcc. Chem. Res.,2008, 41, 387-400. (108)Jockusch, S.;Turro, N. J.; Thompson, E. Buddhism. K.; Gouterman, M.; Callis, J. B.; Khalil, G.E.:Singlet Molecular Oxygen by DirectExcitation. Paper Long Care. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2008, 7, 235-239.

(107) Conlon, P.; Yang, C. J.; Wu, Y.; Chen, Y.;Martinez, K., Kim, Y.; Stevens, N.; Marti, A. A.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.;Tan, W.: Pyrene excimer signaling molecular beacons for probing nucleicacids.J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2008, 130,336-342. (106)Kim, S. R.;Jang, Y. P.; Jockusch, S.; Itagaki, Y.; Turro, N. J. Nakanishi, K.; Sparrow, J.R.:The all-trans-retinal dimer-seriesof lipofuscin pigments in retinal pigment epithelial cells in essays about, a recessiveStargardt disease model. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci.

USA, 2007, 104, 19273-19278. (105)López-Gejo,J.; Marti, A. A.; Ruzzi, M.; Jockusch, S.; Komatsu, K.; Tanabe, F.; Murata, Y.;Turro, N. J.: Can H2 Inside C60 Communicate with the Outside World?J. Ada Position Paper Term Care. Am. Chem. Soc., 2007, 104, 14554-14555. (104)Abeywickrama,C.; Matsuda, H.; Jockusch, S.; Zhou, J.; Jang, Young P.; Chen, B.-X.; Itagaki,Y.; Erlanger, B.; Nakanishi, K.; Turro, N. J.; Sparrow, J. R.: Immunochemicalrecognition of A2E, a pigment in the lipofuscin of pupil accident report book retinal pigment epithelialcells. Proc. Nat.

Acad. Ada Position Paper Care. Sci. USA, 2007, 104, 14610-14615. (103) Marti, A. A.; Puckett, C. Thesis Statement On Homosexuality. A.; Dyer, J.;Stevens, N.; Jockusch, S.; Ju, J.; Barton, J. K.; Turro, N. J. Paper Long Term Care. Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Luminescent Binary Probe for DNA Detection Based onSpin-Forbidden Resonance Energy Transfer. J. Am.

Chem. Soc., 2007, 129,8680-8681. (102) Halim, M.; Tremblay, M. S.; Jockusch, S.; Turro,N. J.; Sames, D.: Transposing Molecular Fluorescent Switches into theNear-IR: Development of Luminogenic Reporter Substrates for accident book RedoxMetabolism. Ada Position Paper Term. J. Essays. Am. Chem. Soc., 2007, 129, 7704-7705.

(101) Washington, I.; Zhou, J.; Jockusch, S.; Turro,N. Ada Position Paper Long Term. J.; Nakanishi, K.; Sparrow, J. R.: Chlorophyll derivatives as visualpigments for super vision in the red. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2007,6, 775-779.

(100)Jockusch, S.; Zheng, Q.; He, G. S.; Pudavar, H.E.; Yee, D. Ict Coursework. J.; Balsanek, V.; Halim, M.; Sames, D.; Prasad, P. Ada Position Paper Term Care. N.; Turro, N.J.: Two-photon excitation of fluorogenic probes for redoxmetabolism: Dramatic enhancement of optical contrast ratio by essays in zen two-photonexcitation. J. Phys. Ada Position Term Care. Chem. C, 2007, 111, 8872-8877. (99) Martí, A. A.; Jockusch, S.; Stevens, N.; Ju, J.;Turro, N. J.: Fluorescent hybridization probes for sensitive andselective DNA and RNA detection. Acc.

Chem. Res., 2007, 63, 3591-3600. (98) Yagci, Y.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.: Mechanism of Photoinduced Step Polymerization of Thiophene by Onium Salts:Reactions of med school essays Phenyliodinium and Diphenylsulfinium Radical Cations withThiophene. Paper Long. Macromolecules, 2007, 40, 4481-4485. (97) Balta, D. K.; Arsu, N.; Yagci, Y.; Jockusch, S.;Turro, N. Helping. J.: Thioxanthone-Anthracene: A New Photoinitiator for paper long term Free RadicalPolymerization in the Presence of essays buddhism Oxygen. Macromolecules,2007, 40, 4138-4141. (96) Deo, P.; Deo, N.; Somasundaran, P.; Moscatelli,A.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.; Ananthapadmanabhan, K. P.; Ottaviani, M.F.: Interactions of a Hydrophobically Modified Polymer with OppositelyCharged Surfactants. Langmuir, 2007, 23, 5906-5913.

(95) Natarajan, A.; Kaanumalle, L. S.; Jockusch, S.;Gibb, C. L. D.; Gibb, B. C.; Turro, N. J.; Ramamurthy, V.: Controllingphotoreactions with restricted spaces and weak intermolecular forces: Exquisite selectivity during oxidation of olefins by singlet oxygen. J. Am.Chem. Soc., 2007, 129, 4132-4133. (94) Martí, A. A.; Li, X.; Jockusch, S.; Stevens, N.;Li, Z.; Raveendra, B.; Kalachikov, S.; Morozova, I.; Russo, J.; Akins, D. Term Care. L.;Ju, J.; Turro, N. J.: Design and characterization of two-dye and three-dyebinary fluorescent probes for mRNA detection. Tetrahedron, 2007, 63, 3591-3600. (93) Saito, H.; Sivaguru, J.; Jockusch, S.; Dyer, J.;Inoue, Y., Adam, W., Turro, N. J.: Controlled diastereoselectivity atthe alkene-geometry thyough selective encapsulation: E/Z photoisomerization ofoxazolidinone-functionalized enecarbamates within hydrophobicnano-cavities. Pupil Accident Report Book. Chem. Commun., 2007, 819-821.

(92) Khalil, G. E.; Thompson, E. Paper Long Term Care. K.; Gouterman, M.;Callis, J. Thesis On Homosexuality. B.; Dalton, L. R.; Turro, N. J.; Jockusch, S.: NIRluminescence of gadolinium porphyrin complexes. Chem. Phys. Lett., 2007,435, 45-49. (91) Moscatelli, A.; Ottaviani, F. M.; Adam, W.;Buchachenko, A.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.: Interaction between molecularoxygen and term nitroxide radicals: A search for a reversible complex. Pupil Accident Report. Helv. Chim.Acta, 2006, 89, 2441-2449.

(90) Sivaguru, J.; Poon, T.; Hooper, C.; Saito, H.;Solomon, M. R.; Jockusch, S.; Adam, W.; Inoue, Y.; Turro, N. J.: A comparativemechanistic analysis of the stereoselectivity trends observed in the oxidationof chiral oxazolidinone-functionalized enecarbamates by singlet oxygen, ozone,and triazolinediones. Tetrahedron, 2006, 62, 10647-10659. (89) Li, X.; Li, Z.; Martí, A. A.; Jockusch, S.;Stevens, N.; Akins, D. Paper Term Care. L.; Turro, N. J.; Ju, J.: Combinatorialfluorescence energy transfer molecular beacons for med school essays probing nucleic acidsequences. Long Term Care. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2006, 5, 896-902. (88) Arsu, N.; Aydin, M.; Yagci, Y.; Jockusch, S.Turro, N. J.: One component thioxanthone based Type II photoinitiators in Photochemistry and UV Curing: New Trends, ed. Book. J. P. Long Term. Fouassier, ResearchSignpost, Kerala, India, 2006, Chapter 3, pp 17-29. (87) Tremblay, M. S.; Zhu, Q.; Martí, A. A.; Dyer, J.;Halim, M.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.; Sames, D.: Phosphorylationstate-responsive lanthanide peptide conjugates: A luminescence switch based onreversible complex reorganization. Org. Lett., 2006, 8, 2723-2726.

(86) Martí, A. A.; Li, X.; Jockusch, S.; Li, Z.;Raveendra, B.; Kalachikov, S.; Russo, J.; Morozova, I.; Puthanveettil, S. V.;Ju, J.; Turro, N. J.: Pyrene binary probes for med school unambiguous detection of mRNAusing time resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. Nucleic Acid Res., 2006, 34,3161-3168. (85) Marti, A. A.; Jockusch, S.; Li, Z.; Turro,N. J.; Ju, J.: Molecular beacons with intrinsically fluorescent nucleotides.Nucleic Acid Res., 2006, 34, e50. (84) Jockusch, S.; Marti, A. A.; Turro, N. J.;Li, Z.; Li, X.; Ju, J.; Stevens, N.; Akins, D. L.: Spectroscopic investigationof a FRET Molecular Beacon containing two fluorophores for probing of ada position paper long term DNA/RNAsequences.

Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2006, 5, 493-498. (83) Balaz, M.; Li, B. C.; Jockusch, S.;Ellestad, G. A.; Berova, N.: Tetraarylporphyrin as a selective molecular capfor the non Watson-Crick C:A base pair sequences. Angew. Chem. Med School Essays. 2006, 118,3610-3613; Angew. Chem. Ada Position Long. Int. Ed. 2006, 45, 3530-3533.

(82) Moscatelli, A.; Chen, T. K.; Jockusch, S.;Ottaviani, F. M.; Forbes, M.; Turro, N. J.; Oximetry of oxygen supersaturatedsolutions using nitroxides as EPR probe J. Phys. Chem. A, 2006, 110,7574-7578. (81) Sivaguru, J.; Solomon, M. R.; Saito, H.;Poon, T.; Jockusch, S.; Adam, W.; Ramamurthy, V.; Inoue, Y.; Turro, N.J.: Conformationally controlled (entropy effects), stereoselectivevibrational quenching of essays on biotechnology singlet oxygen in the oxidative cleavage of oxazolidinone-functiionalizedenecarbamates through solvent and temperature variations. Tetrahedron,2006, 62, 6707-6717. (80) Sivaguru, J.; Saito, H.; Solomon, M. R.;Kaanumalle, L. S.; Poon, T.; Jockusch, S.; Adam, W.; Ramamurthy, V.; Inoue, Y.;Turro, N. J.: Control of chirality by cations in confined spaces:Photooxydation of ada position paper long care enecarbamates inside zeolite supercages. Photochem.Photobiol., 2006, 82, 123-131. (79) Yang, C. Thesis Statement. J.; Jockusch, S.; Vicens, M.; Turro, N.J.; Tan, W.; Light-switching excimer probes for rapid protein monitoring incomplex biological fluids. Proc. Nat. Paper Long Term. Acad.

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(74) Saito, H.; Sivaguru, J.; Jockusch, S.; Inoue, Y.,Adam, W., Turro, N. On Biotechnology. J.: Stereoselective E/Z photoisomerization ofoxazolidinone functionalized enecarbamates: direct and triplet sensitizedirradiation. Chem. Commun., 2005, 3424-3426. (73) Lee, K.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.; French, R.H.; Wheland, R. C.; Lemon, M. F.; Braun, A. M.; Widerschpan, T.; Dixon, D. Paper Term. A.;Li, L.; Marius, I.; Zimmerman, P.: 157 nm pellicles (thin films) forphotolithography: Mechanistic investigation of the essays buddhism VUV and UV-C photolysis offluorocarbons. J. Ada Position Paper Long Care. Am. Chem. Soc., 2005, 127, 8320-8327.

(72) Jockusch, S.; Sivaguru, J.; Turro, N. J.;Ramamurthy, V.: Direct measurement of singlet oxygen lifetime in ict coursework, zeolites bynear-IR phosphorescence. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2005, 4, 403-405. (71) Sivaguru, J.; Saito, H.; Poon, T.; Omonuwa, T.,Franz, R.; Jockusch, S.; Hooper, C., Inoue, Y., Adam, W., Turro, N. J.:Stereoselective photooxidation of enecarbamates: Reactivity of ozone vssinglet oxygen. Org. Ada Position Term. Lett., 2005, 7, 2089-2092. (70) Khalil, G. Med School Essays. E.; Chang, A.; Gouterman, M.; Callis,J. Paper Long Care. B.; Dalton, L. In Zen Buddhism. R.; Turro, N. J.; Jockusch, S.: Oxygen pressure measurementusing singlet oxygen emission.

Rev. Sci. Instrum., 2005, 76, 054101. (69) Aydin, M.; Arsu, N.; Yagci, Y.; Jockusch,S.; Turro, N. J.: Mechanistic study of photoinitiated free radicalpolymerization using thioxanthone thioacetic acid as one-component type IIphotoinitiartor. Macromolecules, 2005, 38, 4133-4138. (68) Dyer, J.; Jockusch, S.; Balsanek, V.;Sames, D.; Turro, N. Paper Long. J.: Two-photon induced uncaging of a reactiveintermediate. Multi-photon in situ detection of a potentially valuablelabel for biological applications J. Org. Chem., 2005, 70, 2143-2147. (67) Jockusch, S.; Li, Z.; Ju, J.; Turro, N. Accident Report Book. J.:Two-photon excitation induced fluorescence of ada position paper a tri-fluorophore labeled DNA.Photochem. Pupil Book. Photobiol., 2005, 81, 238-241.

(66) Wines, T. H.; Somasundaran, P.; Turro, N. J.;Jockusch, S.; Ottaviani, M. F.: Investigation of the ada position paper long mobility of amphiphilicpolymer - AOT reverse microemulsion systems using electron spin resonance. J.Colloids Interface Sci., 2005, 285, 318-325. (65) Dukovic, G.; White, B. Essays In Zen Buddhism. E.; Zhou, Z.; Wang, F.;Jockusch, S.; Steigerwald, M. L.; Heinz, T. F.; Friesner, R. A.; Turro, N. J.;Brus, L. E.: Reversible Surface Oxidation and Efficient Luminescence Quenchingin Semiconductor Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes. Care. J. Am. Chem. Med School Essays. Soc., 2004, 126,15269-15276.

(64) Ottaviani, M. F.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.;Tomalia, D. A.; Barbon, A.: Interactions of Dendrimers with Selected AminoAcids and Proteins Studied by Continuous Wave EPR and Fourier Transform EPRLangmuir, 2004, 20, 10238-10245. (63) Lee, K.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.; French, R.H.; Wheland, R. Ada Position Paper Long Term Care. C.; Lemon, M. F.; Braun, A. M.; Widerschpan, T.; Zimmerman, P.:157 nm Pellicles for ict coursework Photolithography: Mechanistic Investigation of the DeepUV Photolysis of Fluorocarbons. Care. Proc. of SPIE, 2004, 5377, 1598-1605. (62) Sivaguru, J.; Poon, T.; Franz, R.; Jockusch, S.; Adam,W.; Turro, N. J.: Stereocontrol within Confined Spaces: EnantioselectivitivePhotooxidation of Enecarbamates inside Zeolite Supercages. J. About People. Am. Paper Care. Chem. Soc.,2004, 126, 10816-10817. (61) Poon, T.; Sivaguru, J.; Franz, R.; Jockusch, S.;Martinez, C.; Washington, I.; Adam, W.; Inoue, Y; Turro, N. J.: Temperatureand Solvent Control of the Stereoselectivity in the Reactions of Singlet Oxygenwith Oxazolidinone-Substituted Enecarbamates. J. Am. Chem.

Soc., 2004, 126,104989-10499. (60) Jockusch, S.; Ren, R. X-F.; Jang, Y. P.; Itagaki,Y.; Vollmer-Snarr, H.; Sparrow, J. R.; Nakanishi, K.; Turro, N. J.:Photochemistry of A1E, a Retinoid with a Conjugated Pyridinium Moiety:Competition between Pericyclic Photooxygenation and Pericyclization J. On Homosexuality. Am.Chem. Ada Position Paper Term Care. Soc., 2004, 126, 4646-4652. (59) Pan, Z.; Somasundaran, P.; Turro, N. J.;Jockusch, S.: Interactions of cationic dendrimers with hematitemineral Colloids and Surfaces, A, 2004, 238, 123-126. (58) Fede, J.-M., Jockusch, S; Lin, N.; Moss, R. A.;Turro, N. J.: Aryloxy Radicals from Diaryloxydiazirenes: ?-Cleavege ofDiaryloxycarbenes of Excited Diazirines? Org. Lett. 2003, 5, 5027-5030. (57) Poon, T.; Turro, N. J.; Chapman, J.;Lakshminarasimhan, P.; Lei, X.; Jockusch, S.; Franz, R.; Washington, I.; Adam,W. Bosio, S. G.: Stereochemical Features of the Physical and ChemicalInteractions of thesis on homosexuality Singlet oxygen with Enecarbamates.

Org. Lett. 2003, 5,4951-4953. (56) Sivaguru, J.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.;Ramamurthy, V.: Photoisomerization of 2,3-Diphenylcyclopropane-1-carboxylicAcid Derivatives Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2003, 2, 1101-1106. (55) Lei, X.-G.; Jockusch, S.; Ottaviani. Long. M. Pupil Accident Book. F.;Turro, N. Ada Position Paper Term Care. J.: In situ ESR investigation of the addition of persistent benzylradicals to acrylates on ZSM-5 zeolites. On Biotechnology. Direct spectroscopic detection of theinitial steps in ada position paper long term care, a supramolecular photopolymerization.

Photochem. Photobiol.Sci., 2003, 2, 1095-1100. (54) Deo, P.; Jockusch, S.; Ottaviani, M. F.;Moscatelli, A.; Turro, N. J.; Somasundaran, P. Interaction ofHydrophobically Modified Polyelectrolytes with Surfactant of the samecharge Langmuir, 2003, 19, 10747-10752. (53) Deo, N.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.;Somasundaran, P.: Surfactant Interactions with Zein ProteinLangmuir, 2003, 19, 5083-5088. (52) Sparrow, J. R.; Vollmer-Snarr, H. R.; Zhou, J.;Jang,Y. P.; Jockusch, S.; Itagaki, Y.; Nakanishi, K.: A2E-epoxides DamageDNA in Retinal Pigment Epithelial cells. VitaminsE and C and med school Other AntioxidantsInhibit A2E-epoxide formation J. Biol. Chem.

2003, 278, 18207-18213. (51) Bossmann, S. Paper Long. H.; Jockusch, S.; Schwarz, P.;Baumeister, B.; Goeb, S.; Schnabel, C.; Payawan, Jr., L.; Pokhrel, M. R.;Woerner, M.; Braun, A. Essays About Helping Poor. M.; Turro, N. Ada Position Term. J.:Ruthenium(II)-tris-bipyridine/titanium dioxide codoped zeolite Yphotocatalysts: II. Photocatalyzed degradation of the model pollutant2,4-Xylidine, evidence for percolation behavior Photochem. Photobiol.Sci., 2003, 2, 477-486. (50) Shailaja, J.; Lakshminarasimhan, P. H.; Pradhan,A.; Sunoj, R. B.; Jockusch, S.; Karthikeyan, S.; Uppili, S.; Chandrasekhar, J.;Turro, N. J.; Ramamurthy, V.: Alkali Ion-Controlled Exited-State Orderingof Acetophenones Included in Zeolites: Emission, Solid-State NMR andComputational Studies J. Pupil Report Book. Phys. Chem. A, 2003, 107, 3187-3198. (49) Khudyakov, I. V.; Arsu, N.; Jockusch, S.;Turro, N. J.: Magnetic and spin effects in long care, the photoinitiation ofpolymerization Designed Monomers Polymers, 2003, 6, 91-101.

(48) Dursun, C.; Degirmenci, M.; Yagci, Y.; Jockusch,S.; Turro, N. J.: Free Radical Promoted Cationic Polymerization by UsingBisacylphosphine Oxide Photoinitiators: Substituent Effect on the Reactivity ofPhosphonyl Radicals Polymer, 2003, 44, 7389-7396. (47) Cokbaglan, L.; Arsu, N.; Yagci, Y.; Jockusch, S.;Turro, N. J.: 2-Mercaptothioxanthone as a Novel Photoinitiator for FreeRadical Polymerization. Macromolecules, 2003, 36, 2649-2653. (46) Bai, X.; Li, Z.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. In Zen. J.; Ju,J.: Photocleavage of a 2-Nitrobenzyl Linker Bridging a Fluorophore to the 5'End of paper long care DNA Proc. Nat. Essays Helping. Acad. Paper Long Term Care. Sci. USA, 2003, 100, 409-413. (45) Ottaviani, M. F.; Turro, N. J.; Jockusch, S.;Tomalia, D. A.: EPR Investigation of the adsorption of dendrimers onporous surfaces J. Phys.

Chem. B, 2003, 107, 2046-2053. (44) Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.; Blackburn, F. R.:Photochromism of 2H-Naphtho[1,2-b]pyans: A SpectroscopicInvestigation. J. Phys. Chem. A, 2002, 106, 9236-9241. (43) Colley, C. Statement. S.; Grills, D. C.; Besley, N. A.;Jockusch, S.; Matousek, P.; Parker, W.; Towrie, M.; Turro, N. J.; Gill, P. M.W.; George, M. W.: Probing the ada position paper long term care Reactivity of Photoinitiators for pupil accident book FreeRadical Polymerization: Time-Resolved IR Spectroscopic Study of BenzoylRadicals. J. Am. Ada Position Paper Long Term Care. Chem.

Soc., 2002, 124, 14952-14958. (42) Jockusch, S; Turro, N. J.; Ottaviani, M. Essays Buddhism. F.;Tomalia, D. Ada Position Paper Term Care. A.: An EPR and Fluorescence Depolarization Study ofIntermolecular Interactions of Dendrimers at Medium and gce applied ict coursework Highly ConcentratedAqueous Solutions. Ada Position Long Care. J. Colloids Interface Sci., 2002, 256, 223-227. (41) Kumar, C. V.; Buranaprapuk, A.; Sze, Ho Chou; Jockusch,S.; Turro, N. J.: Chiral Protein Scissors: High Enantiomeric Selectivityfor Binding and its Effect on Protein Photocleavage Efficiency andSpecifity. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2002, 99, 5810-5815. (40) Turro, N. J.; Jockusch, S.; Lei, X.-G.: SupramolecularEffects on the Dynamics of Radicals in MFI Zeolites: A Direct EPRInvestigation. J. Org.

Chem. Essays About Helping. 2002, 67, 5779-5782. (39) Turro, N. J.; Lei, X.-G.; Jockusch, S.; Li, W.;Liu, Z.; Abrams, L.; Ottaviani, M. Ada Position Care. F.: An EPR Investigation of med school essays PersistentRadicals Produced from the Photolysis of Dibenzyl Ketones Adsorbrd on ZSM-5Zeolites. J. Org. Chem. Ada Position Term. 2002, 67, 2606-2618. (38) Panmai, S.; Prud'home, R. K.; Peiffer, D. Essays About Poor People. G.;Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.: Interactions Between Hydrophobically ModifiedPolymers and ada position long term Surfactants: A Fluorescence Study Langmuir, 2002, 18,3860-3864. (37) Turro, N. J.; P. H. Lakshminarasimhan; Jockusch,S; O'Brien, S. P.; Redl, F. X.: A Spectroscopic Probe of the Surface ofIron Oxide Nanocrystals. Nanoletters, 2002, 2, 325-328.

(36) Ben-Shabat, S.; Itagaki, Y.; Jockusch, S.;Sparrow, J. R.; Nakanishi, K.; Turro, N. J.: Formation of a Nona-oxiranefrom A2E, a Lipofuscin Fluorophore related to Macular Degradation, and Evidenceof Singlet Oxygen Involvement. Angew. Chem., 2002, 114, 842-845; Angew.Chem. Med School. Int. Ed., 2002, 41, 814-817. (35) Ottaviani, M. F.; Favuzza, P.; Sacchi, B.; Turro,N.; Jockusch, S.; Tomalia, D. Ada Position Long Term Care. A.: Interactions between StarburstDendrimers and accident book Mixed DMPC/DMPA-Na Vesicles Studied by the Spin Label and theSpin Probe Techniques, Supported by TEM. Langmuir, 2002, 18, 2347-2357. (34) Tong, A. K.; Jockusch, S.; Li, Z.; Zhu, H.-R.;Akins, D. L.; Turro, N. J.; Ju, Jingyue: Triple Energy Transfer inCovalently Trichromophore-Labeled DNA. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2001, 123,12923-12924.

(33) Pillips, K. Paper Term. E. S.; Katz, T. J.; Jockusch, S.;Lovinger, A. J.; Turro, N. J.: Synthesis and Properties of an AggregatingHeterocyclic Helicene. J. Am. Chem. In Zen Buddhism. Soc., 2001, 123, 11899-11907. (32) Jockusch, S.; Liu, Z.; Ottaviani, M. F.; Turro,N. Ada Position Paper Long. J.: Time Resolved CW-EPR Spectroscopy of thesis statement Powdered Samples: ElectronSpin Polarization of a Nitroxyl Radical Adsorbed on ada position paper long care NaY Zeolite, Generated byQuenching of Excited Triplet Ketones.

J. Phys. Chem. B, 2001, 105,7477-7481. (31) Jockusch, S.; Landis, M. S.; Freiermuth, B.;Turro, N. J.: Photochemistry and report book Photophysics of ?-Hydroxy Ketones.Macromolecules, 2001, 34, 1619-1626. (30) Uppili, S.; Marti, V.; Nikolaus, A.; Jockusch,S.; Adam, W.; Engel, P. Care. S.; Turro, N. J.; Ramamurthy, V.:Heavy-Cation-Induced Phosphorescence of Alkanones and Azoalkanes inZeolites as Hosts: Induced S1 (n?*) to poor T1 (n?*) Intersystem Crossing and S0 toT1 (n?*) Absorption.

J. Ada Position Paper Long Term. Am. Chem. Soc., 2000, 122, 11025-11026. (29) Turro, N. J.; Lei, X.; Niu, S. Liu, Z.; Jockusch,S.; Ottaviani. M. F.: An EPR Investigation of Pertsistent Radicals fromthe Photolysis of p,p'-Dialkyl-Substituted Phenyl Benzyl Ketones Adsorbed onMFI Zeolites.

Org. Lett., 2000, 2, 3991-3994. (28) Ottaviani, M. F.; Furida, F.; Casini, A.; Turro,N. J.; Jockusch, S.; Tomalia, D. A.; Messori, L.: Formation ofSupramolecular Structures between DNA and Starburst Dendrimers Studied by about EPR,CD, UV and Melting Profiles. Macromolecules, 2000, 33, 7842-7851. (27) Ottaviani, M. F.; Favuzza, P.; Bigazzi, M.;Turro, N. J.; Jockusch, S.; Tomalia, D. A.: TEM and EPR Investigation ofthe Competitive Binding of Uranyl Ions to Starburst Dendrimers and paper long care Liposomes.Potential Use of Dendrimers as Uranyl Ion Sponges. Langmuir, 2000, 16,7368-7372.

(26) Buranaprapuk, A.; Kumar, C. V.; Jockusch, S.;Turro, N. J.: Photochemical Protein Scissors: Role of Aromatic Residueson the Binding Affinity and Photocleavage Efficiency by Pyrenyl Peptides.Tedrahedron, 2000, 56, 7019-7025. (25) Schwarz, O.; van Loyen, D.; Jockusch, S.; Turro,N. J.; Duerr, H.: Preparation and Application of new Ruthenium(II)polypyridyl Complexes as Sensitizers for Nanocrystalline TiO2. J.Photochem Photobiol. A: Chem., 2000, 132, 91-98. (24) Jockusch, S.; Hirano, T.; Turro, N. J.: ASpectroscopic Study of Diphenylmethyl Radicals and essays on biotechnology Diphenylmethyl CarbocationsStabilized by Zeolites. J. Phys. Ada Position Paper Long. Chem. B, 2000, 104, 1212-1216. (23) Nehira, T.; Parish, C. A.; Jockusch, S.; Turro,N. Med School Essays. J.; Nakanishi, K.; Berova, N.: Fluorescence-detected Exciton-coupledCircular Dichroism: Scope and Limitation in Structural Studies.

J. Am.Chem. Soc., 1999, 38, 8681-8691. (22) Jockusch, S.; Dedola, G.; Lem, G.; Turro, N. J.:Electron Spin Polarization by Intramolecular Triplet Quenching of aNitroxy Radical Labeled Thioxanthonedioxide. J. Phys. Ada Position Term. Chem. B, 1999, 103,9126-9129.

(21) Jockusch, S.; Ramirez, J.; Sanghvi, K.; Nociti,R.;Turro, N. J.; Tomalia, D. A.: Comparison of gce applied Nitrogen Core andEthylenediamine Core Starburst Dendrimers through Photochemical andSpectroscopic Probes. Macromolecules, 1999, 32, 4419-4423. (20) Ottaviani, M. Paper Long Term. F.; Sacchi, B.; Turro, N. J.; Chen,W.; Jockusch, S.; Tomalia, D. A.: An EPR Study of the thesis statement on homosexuality Interaction betweenStarburst Dendrimers and ada position Polynucleotides. Macromolecules, 1999, 32,2275-2282. (19) Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.: RadicalAddition Rate Constants to Acrylates and Oxygen: ?-Hydroxy and ?-Amino RadicalsProduced by Photolysis of Photoinitiators. J. Am. Thesis Statement. Chem.

Soc., 1999, 121,3921-3925. (18) Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.: PhosphinoylRadicals - Structure and Reactivity. Paper Long Term. A Laser Flash Photolysis and Time ResolvedESR Investigation. Accident Book. J. Ada Position Paper Term Care. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 3120, 11773-11777.

(17) Kumar, C. V.; Buranaprapuk, A.; Opiteck, G. J.;Moyer, M. B.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.: Novel Photochemical Protease:Site-Specific Photocleavage of thesis Hen Egg Lysozyme and Bovine Serum Albumin.Proc. Long Term Care. Nat. Acad. Sci. US., 1998, 95, 10361-10365. (16) Fang, K.; Hashimoto, M.; Jockusch, S.; Turro, N.J.; Nakanishi, K.: A Bifunctional Photoaffinity Probe for Ligand/Receptor Interaction Studies. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 8543-8544. (15) Panmai, S.; Prud'home, R. K.; Peiffer, D. G.;Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J.: Rheology of solutions of report hydrophobicallymodified polymers with spherical and rod-like surfactant micelles.

Polym.Mater. Sci. Eng. , 1998, 79, 419-420. (14) Ottaviani, M. F.; Matteini, P.; Brustolon, M.;Turro, N. J.; Jockusch, S. and Tomalia, D. A.: Characterization ofStarburst Dendrimers and Vesicle Solutions and their Interactions by cw- andPulsed-EPR, TEM, and Dynamic Light Scattering. J. Long Term Care. Phys. Chem.

B, 1998,102, 6029-6039. (13) Jockusch, S.; Koptyug, I. V.; McGarry, P. F.;Sluggett, G. W.; Turro, N. J. and essays on biotechnology Watkins, D. Ada Position Long Care. M.: A Steady-State andPicosecond Pump-Probe Investigation of the Photophysics of an essays Acyl and aBis(acyl)posphine oxide, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1997, 119, 1195-11501. (12) McGarry, P.; Jockusch, S.; Fujiwara, Y.;Kaprinidis, N. A. and Turro, N. J.: DMSO Solvent Induced Photochemistryin Highly Photostable Compounds. The Role of Intermolecular HydrogenBonding.

J. Long Term. Phys. Essays On Biotechnology. Chem. A, 1997, 101, 764-767. (11) Jockusch, S.; Timpe, H.-J.; Schnabel, W. Ada Position Paper Long. andTurro, N. J.: Photoinduced Energy and on biotechnology Electron Transfer between KetoneTriplets and Organic Dyes. Long Care. J. Phys. Chem. A, 1997, 101, 440-445. (10) Jockusch, S.; Timpe, H.-J.; Schnabel, W. About. andTurro, N. J.: Photoreduction of Organic Dyes in Ketone AmineSystems. Paper Care. J. Photochem.

Photobiol. A: Chem., 1996, 96, 129-136. (9) Jockusch, S.; Lee, D.; Turro, N. J. and Leonard,E. F.: Photoinactivation of Viruses: Adsorption of Methylene Blue,Thionine and Thiopyronine on Viruses. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 1996,93, 7446-7451.

(8) Ottaviani, M. Pupil Accident Report Book. F.; Turro, N. J.; Jockusch, S. andTomalia, D. A.: Aggregational Process of the Positively Charged NitroxideSurfactants - CTAC and CAT16 - in the Presence of Starburst Dendrimers: An EPRStudy. Colloids and Surfaces, A, 1996, 115, 9-21. (7) Ottaviani, M. F.; Turro, N. J.; Jockusch, S. andTomalia, D. A.: Characterization of Starburst Dendrimers by EPR. 3.Aggregational Process of care a Positively Charged Nitroxide Surfactant. J.Phys.

Chem., 1996, 100, 13675-13686. (6) Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. Report Book. J. and Tomalia, D. A.:Aggregation of Organic Dyes on Starburst Dendrimers. J. Ada Position Long Term. Inf.Recording, 1996, 22, 427-433. (5) Jockusch, S.; Turro, N. J. and Tomalia, D. A.:Aggregation of Methylene Blue adsorbed on Starburst Dendrimers.Macromolecules, 1995, 28, 7416-7418. (4) Timpe, H.-J.; Jockusch, S. and Koerner, K.:Dye Sensitized Photopolymerization in: Radiation Curing in PolymerScience and Technology, ed. by essays about helping Fouassier, J. P. and Rabek, J. F.; Elsevier,Barking, U.K. Long. , Vol.2, 1993, 575-601. (3) Jockusch, S.; Timpe, H.-J.; Fischer, Ch. -H. andSchnabel, W.: On the Photoreduction of ict coursework Crystal Violet, Phenosafranine andMethylene Blue by Benzophenone. J. Photochem. Photobiol. Paper Care. A: Chem., 1992,63, 217-226. (2) Mueller, U.; Jockusch, S.; Haeusler, K.-G. andTimpe, H.-J.: Photoinduced Crosslinking of gce applied ict coursework Silicones. 8. Paper Term. Characterizationof Silicone Acrylate Networks.

Angew. Makromol. Chem., 1992, 200, 61-76. (1) Mueller, U.; Jockusch, S. and Timpe, H.-J.:Photocrosslinking of gce applied ict coursework Silicones. VI. Photocrosslinking Kinetics ofSilicone Acrylates and Methacrylates.

J. Polym. Sci.; Part A: Polym. Chem.,1992, 30, 2755-2764.